An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes

Volume XIII: English THE VICTORIAN AGE Part One The Nineteenth Century, II

Edited by A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller



Chapter I. Carlyle
By J. G. ROBERTSON, M.A., B.Sc. (Glasgow), Ph.D. (Leipzig), Professor of German Language and Literature in the University of London

  1. Goethe on Carlyle
  2. Carlyle’s early years
  3. Life of Schiller
  4. Carlyle’s marriage
  5. His relation to Goethe
  6. Sartor Resartus
  7. The French Revolution
  8. On Heroes
  9. Chartism
  10. Past and Present
  11. Latter-Day Pamphlets
  12. Oliver Cromwell
  13. John Sterling
  14. Frederick the Great
  15. Carlyle as a moral force


II. The Tennysons
By HERBERT J. C. GRIERSON, M.A., Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature in the University of Edinburgh

  1. Tennyson’s early poems
  2. The Princess
  3. In Memoriam
  4. Maud
  5. Idylls of the King
  6. Enoch Arden and dialect ballads
  7. Dramas and later poems and ballads
  8. His metres
  9. Summary
  10. Charles Tennyson
  11. Frederick Tennyson


III. Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning
By Sir HENRY JONES, M.A., F.B.A., Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Glasgow

  1. Robert Browning’s early years
  2. The influence upon him of Byron and Shelley
  3. Pauline
  4. Paracelsus
  5. Strafford
  6. Sordello
  7. Bells and Pomegranates
  8. The dramatic element in Browning’s work
  9. Elizabeth Barrett’s Poems
  10. Sonnets from the Portuguese
  11. Casa Guidi Windows
  12. Aurora Leigh
  13. Christmas Eve and Easter Day
  14. The Ring and the Book
  15. Later poems


IV. Matthew Arnold, Arthur Hugh Clough, James Thomson
By W. LEWIS JONES, M.A., sometime Scholar of Queen’s College, Professor of English Language and Literature at the University College of North Wales, Bangor

  1. Arnold’s early poems
  2. The Strayed Reveller
  3. Arnold’s “theory of poetry
  4. Sohrab and Rustum
  5. His later poems
  6. The qualities of his poetry
  7. His prose; Essays in Criticism
  8. The Study of Celtic Literature
  9. Culture and Anarchy
  10. Arthur Hugh Clough; His hexameters
  11. The Bothie
  12. James Thomson
  13. The City of Dreadful Night


V. The Rossettis, William Morris, Swinburne
By A. HAMILTON THOMPSON, M.A., F.S.A., St. John’s College

  1. The pre-Raphaelites; The Germ
  2. The Blessed Damozel
  3. The House of Life
  4. The Earthly Paradise
  5. Sigurd the Volsung
  6. Morris’s prose narratives
  7. Swinburne’s early years
  8. Atalanta in Calydon
  9. Poems and Ballads
  10. Tristram of Lyonesse
  11. Swinburne’s prose
  12. Christina Rossetti
  13. Arthur O’Shaughnessy
  14. Edward FitzGerald


VI. Lesser Poets of the Middle and Later Nineteenth Century
By GEORGE SAINTSBURY, M.A., Merton College, Oxford, LL.D., D.Litt., F.B.A.

  1. Macaulay’s Lays of Ancient Rome
  2. Tupper’s Proverbial Philosophy
  3. Bailey’s Festus
  4. Ernest Jones
  5. Ebenezer Jones
  6. Alexander Smith
  7. Sydney Dobell
  8. Aytoun’s Lays of the Scottish Cavaliers
  9. Bon Gaultier Ballads
  10. Percival Leigh; W. J. Prowse; Mortimer Collin
  11. Edward Lear
  12. Frederick Locker
  13. C. S. Calverley
  14. H. D. Traill
  15. J. K. Stephen
  16. Lewis Carroll
  17. Keble
  18. Newman
  19. Isaac Williams; Faber
  20. Neale
  21. Trench
  22. W. M. Wilks Call; T. T. Lynch
  23. Translations
  24. Caroline Archer Clive
  25. Sarah Flower Adams; Fanny Kemble
  26. Adelaide Anne Procter
  27. Isa Craig; Jean Ingelow
  28. Harriet Eleanor Hamilton-King; Augusta Webster
  29. Margaret Veley
  30. Mathilde Blind; Michael Field; Constance Naden; Amy Levy
  31. Mary E. Coleridge
  32. Lord Houghton; T. Gordon Hake
  33. Sir F. H. Doyle
  34. Alfred Domett; W. J. Linton; W. B. Scott
  35. Aubrey de Vere; Thomas Westwood; Charles Mackay
  36. Coventry Patmore
  37. George Macdonald
  38. F. T. Palgrave
  39. William Johnson (Cory)
  40. T. E. Brown
  41. R. W. Dixon
  42. Sebastian Evans
  43. Owen Meredith
  44. Edwin Arnold
  45. Lewis Morris
  46. Sir Alfred Lyall
  47. Alfred Austin
  48. Roden Noel
  49. Lord de Tabley
  50. Thomas Ashe
  51. John Addington Symonds
  52. Robert Buchanan
  53. Frederic Myers
  54. Andrew Lang
  55. French forms of verse
  56. W. E. Henley
  57. Philip Bourke Marston; Robert Louis Stevenson
  58. H. E. Clarke
  59. E. C. Lefroy
  60. John Davidson
  61. Francis Thompson
  62. Ernest Dowson
  63. Richard Middleton
  64. Summary


VII. The Prosody of the Nineteenth Century

  1. Ossian; Percy’s Religues
  2. Chatterton; Blake
  3. Anti-Bysshism
  4. Coleridge’s Christabel
  5. Southey
  6. Scott
  7. Moore
  8. Byron
  9. Shelley
  10. Keats
  11. Warner’s Metronariston
  12. Guest
  13. Victorian prosody
  14. The hexameter controversy
  15. Later prosodists
  16. Summary


VIII. Nineteenth-Century Drama
By HAROLD CHILD, sometime Scholar of Brasenose College, Oxford

  1. The drama a popular amusement in the nineteenth century
  2. Richard Lalor Sheil
  3. Charles Robert Maturin
  4. H. H. Milman
  5. Sheridan Knowles; R. H. Horne
  6. J. Westland Marston
  7. Melodrama
  8. Black-ey’d Susan
  9. Dion Boucicault
  10. Tom Taylor
  11. W. G. Wills
  12. Douglas Jerrold
  13. John Poole; Box and Cox; J. R. Planché; Shirley Brooks; H. J. Byron
  14. T. W. Robertson
  15. W. S. Gilbert


IX. Thackeray

  1. Early life
  2. The Yellowplush Correspondence
  3. Michael Angelo Titmarsh; Barry Lyndon
  4. The Sketch Books
  5. Thackeray’s contributions to Punch
  6. The Book of Snobs
  7. Vanity Fair
  8. Pendennis
  9. Esmond
  10. The Newcomes
  11. The Virginians
  12. Philip
  13. Summary


X. Dickens

  1. Early life
  2. Sketches
  3. The Pickwick Papers
  4. Oliver Twist
  5. Nicholas Nickleby
  6. The Old Curiosity Shop
  7. Barnaby Rudge
  8. Martin Chuzzlewit
  9. Christmas Books
  10. Dombey and Son
  11. David Copperfield
  12. Bleak House
  13. Hard Times
  14. Little Dorrit
  15. A Tale of Two Cities
  16. Great Expectations
  17. Summary


XI. The Political and Social Novel
By Sir A. W. WARD, Litt.D., F.B.A., Master of Peterhouse

  1. The reaction against Romanticism
  2. Harriet Martineau
  3. Benjamin Disraeli
  4. Charles Kingsley
  5. The Saint’s Tragedy
  6. Yeast
  7. Alton Locke
  8. Hypatia
  9. Westward Ho!
  10. Two Years Ago
  11. Kingsley’s lectures and essays
  12. Thomas Hughes; Tom Brown’s School Days
  13. Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell
  14. Mary Barton
  15. North and South
  16. Cranford
  17. Mrs. Gaskell’s Life of Charlotte Brontë
  18. Sylvia’s Lovers
  19. Cousin Phillis
  20. Wives and Daughters
  21. George Eliot”; Her early years
  22. George Henry Lewes
  23. Scenes of Clerical Life
  24. Adam Bede
  25. The Mill on the Floss
  26. Silas Marner
  27. Romola
  28. Felix Holt
  29. The Spanish Gypsy
  30. Middlemarch
  31. Daniel Deronda
  32. George Eliot’s” poems
  33. Summary


XII. The Brontës
By A. A. JACK, M.A., Peterhouse, Chalmers Professor of English Literature in the University of Aberdeen

  1. The Brontë family
  2. Jane Eyre
  3. Shirley
  4. Villette
  5. Wuthering Heights
  6. Emily Brontë’s poems
  7. Appendix


XIII. Lesser Novelists
By W. T. YOUNG, M.A. Sometime Lecturer in English Language and Literature at the University of London, Goldsmiths’ College

  1. Lord Lytton; Pelham
  2. Criminal biography; Paul Clifford and Eugene Aram
  3. Historical romances
  4. Tales of the occult
  5. The Caxtons
  6. Summary
  7. Anthony Trollope; The Barchester series
  8. His Autobiography
  9. Charles Reade
  10. Novels based on “documents
  11. The Cloister and the Hearth
  12. Mary Russell Mitford; Our Village
  13. Mrs. Henry Wood
  14. Mrs. Oliphant
  15. George Macdonald
  16. William Black
  17. Henry Kingsley
  18. George Du Maurier
  19. Lorna Doone; John Inglesant
  20. G. A. Lawrence and “Ouida
  21. Wilkie Collins
  22. Mark Rutherford


XIV. George Meredith, Samuel Butler, George Gissing
By W. T. YOUNG, M.A.

  1. Meredith
  2. His poems
  3. The comic spirit
  4. His characterisation
  5. Style in prose and in verse
  6. Metrical experiments
  7. Butler
  8. His scientific controversies
  9. Erewhon
  10. Erewhon and Gulliver’s Travels
  11. Erewhon Revisited
  12. The Way of all Flesh; The Pontifex cell
  13. Gissing
  14. Gissing’s work transitional
  15. A comparison with Zola
  16. The delineation of poverty; Realism and pessimism
  17. Novels of the middle classes: problems discussed in New Grub Street, Born in Exile and The Odd Women
  18. The classical world; By the Ionian Sea; Veranilda
  19. The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft
  20. Structure and style