- Adams, Henry. 1918. The Education of Henry Adams.
- An honest and probing reflection of one man’s life in relation to the world around him.
- Augustine, Saint. 1909–14. The Confessions of St. Augustine.
- The autobiography of the great defender of the Church.
- Bacon, Francis
- 1909–14. Essays, Civil and Moral.
Whether turning a phrase or observing the politics of the day, the Essays epitomize Bacon as the master of English prose.
- 1909–14. The New Atlantis.
This account of an ideal state reveals both practical methods and unique fantasy.
- 1857. Advancement of Learning.
A powerful defense of science against religion and the advocacy of the modern university.
- 1857. The New Organon.
- 1857. Of the Wisdom of the Ancients.
- 1857. Apophthegms New and Old.
- Berkeley, George. 1909–14. Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists.
- The Bhagavad-Gita. 1909–14.
- The Bible. 1999. King James Version.
- The culmination of English translations of the Bible by the American Bible Society.
- 1909–14. Job, Psalms, Ecclesiastes, Luke & Acts.
From the American Standard Edition of the Revised Bible.
- Bok, Edward. 1921. The Americanization of Edward Bok.
- Pulitzer Prize–winning autobiography of an influential publisher and editor.
- Browne, Thomas, Sir. 1909–14. Religio Medici.
- A personal essay reconciling the religious and scientific life.
- Buddhist Writings. 1909–14.
- Burke, Edmund
- 1909–14. A Letter to a Noble Lord.
A personal defense from the master of prosaic irony.
- 1909–14. On Taste.
The introductory discourse to On the Sublime and Beautiful.
- 1909–14. On the Sublime and Beautiful.
This aesthetic treatise was an advance in the uniting of philosophy with psychology.
- 1909–14. Reflections on the French Revolution.
The prophetic warning against the pulling down of all that is good in society with the bad.
- Carlyle, Thomas
- 1909–14. Characteristics.
A seminal work of Romantic interpretation.
- 1909–14. Inaugural Address at Edinburgh.
A clear statement of Carlyle’s moral passions.
- 1909–14. Sir Walter Scott.
One of Carlyle’s many essays extolling great men.
- Cellini, Benvenuto. 1909–14. Autobiography.
- The honest if self-aggrandized life of the epitomal Renaissance man.
- Chamfort, Nicolas de. 1902. The Cynic’s Breviary.
- 1909–14. On Friendship & On Old Age.
The master of prose exemplifies the pragmatism of the philosopher’s mind applied to the human condition.
- 1909–14. Letters.
The epistles of the great orator and politician offer both personal insight and policy initiative.
- Confucius. 1909–14. The Sayings of Confucius.
- 500 verses attributed to the ancient Chinese teacher.
- Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. 1909–14. Two Years before the Mast.
- Darwin, Charles
- 1909–14. The Origin of Species.
The revolutionary theory of evolution.
- 1909–14. The Voyage of the Beagle.
Popular account of a five-year journey of geological, botanical, biological and paleontological observation.
- Descartes, René. 1909–14. Discourse on Method.
- The work that would sweep away accepted truths to create the foundation of modern thought.
- Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. The Souls of Black Folk.
- W.E.B. Du Bois sets out to show to the reader “the strange meaning of being black here in the dawning of the Twentieth Century.”
- Einstein, Albert. 1920. Relativity: The Special and General Theory.
- Professor Einstein follows a “train” of thought with a Socratic style that provides the reader “a few happy hours of suggestive thought.”
- Eliot, T.S. 1920. The Sacred Wood.
- Eliot’s collection of essays on poetry and criticism.
- Emerson, Ralph Waldo
- 1904. The Complete Works.
The twelve-volume Concord edition features voluminous footnotes painstakingly compiled by his son.
- 1909–14. Essays and English Traits.
Epitomal works demonstrate the genius of the father of the American Renaissance.
- Epictetus. 1909–14. The Golden Sayings of Epictetus.
- Like those of Socrates and Christ, these aphorisms were transcribed by the disciples of the great Stoic.
- Equiano, Olaudah. 1837. The Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa.
- Franklin, Benjamin. 1909–14. His Autobiography: 1706–1757.
- The cornerstone of the Harvard Classics and Franklin’s account of his journey of self-education.
- Freud, Sigmund
- 1922. Beyond the Pleasure Principle.
- 1916. Leonardo da Vinci.
- 1910. Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory.
- 1916. Wit and Its Relation to the Unconscious.
- 1912. Selected Papers on Hysteria and Other Psychoneuroses.
- 1918. Totem and Taboo.
- 1918. Reflections on War and Death.
- 1920. A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis.
- 1914. Psychopathology of Everyday Life.
- 1913. The Interpretation of Dreams.
- 1917. The History of the Psychoanalytic Movement.
- 1917. Delusion and Dream.
- 1921. Dream Psychology: Psychoanalysis for Beginners.
- 1910. Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis.
- 1922. Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego.
- Froissart, Jean. 1909–14. The Chronicles of Froissart.
- Historical account of battles of the Hundred Year’s War
- Grant, Ulysses S. 1885–86. Personal Memoirs.
- Among the greatest of military memoirs, Grant wrote to the last month of life to restore his family fortunes.
- Grotius, Hugo. 1901. The Rights of War and Peace.
- Harrison, William. 1909–14. A Description of Elizabethan England.
- Observations and comments on life in pre-Elizabethan England.
- Harvey, William. 1909–14. On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals.
- Hippocrates. 1909–14. The Oath and Law of Hippocrates.
- Hobbes, Thomas. 1909–14. Of Man, Being the First Part of Leviathan.
- The analogy of the physical body to the body politic.
- Holmes, Oliver Wendell. 1909–14. The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever.
- Hume, David. 1909–14. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
- Hutchinson, Lucy
- 1906. Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson.
Eyewitness biography to the English Civil War.
- 1817. On the Principles of the Christian Religion.
The seventeenth-century Puritan theology.
- Jenner, Edward. 1909–14. Publications on Vaccination Against Smallox.
- Joubert, Joseph. 1899. A Selection from His Thought.
- Jusserand, Jean Jules. 1916. With Americans of Past and Present Days.
- Seven Pulitzer Prize–winning biographical vignettes trace U.S.–French relations.
- Koran, Chapters from the. 1909–14.
- La Bruyère,
Jean de. 1885. Characters.
- La Rochefoucauld, François, duc de. 1912. The Moral Maxims and Reflections of the Duke de la Rochefoucauld.
- Early English translation of the pillar of French thought.
- Lincoln, Abraham. 1897. Political Debates Between Lincoln and Douglas.
- The seven masterpieces of debate on the evil of slavery.
- Lister, Joseph. 1909–14. On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery.
- Locke, John
- 1909–14. Some Thoughts Concerning Education.
At the time, the most significant work advocating educational reform.
- 1821. Two Treatises on Government.
- Luther, Martin
- 1909–14. Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation Respecting the Reformation of the Christian Estate.
- 1909–14. Concerning Christian Liberty.
- 1909–14. The Ninety-Five Thesis.
- Lyell, Charles. 1909–14. Scientific Papers.
- Machiavelli, Niccolo. 1909–14. The Prince.
- Mandeville, Sir John. 1895. The Marvellous Adventures of Sir John Maundevile Kt.
- The fourteenth-century call to Crusade through a symbolic mapping of the world, known and unknown.
- Marcus Aurelius. 1909–14. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius.
- This Roman Stoic hands down the day-to-day principles on which an all-powerful Emperor ruled for the welfare of the people.
- Mill, John Stuart
- 1909–14. Autobiography.
The honest and heart-felt account of the tortured philosopher’s education.
- 1869. On Liberty; 1909–14. On Liberty.
This timeless essay addresses points on civil liberties that resonate into our twenty-first century world.
- Milton, John
- 1909–14. Areopagitica.
Responds to attempts of the day to “license,” or ban, religious and political writings.
- 1909–14. Tractate on Education.
A personal epistle aimed at the training of youth in the classic and poetic traditions as well as the future of scientific studies.
- More, Sir Thomas. 1909–14. Utopia.
- Paine, Thomas. 1776. Common Sense.
- An instant bestseller, this popular pamphlet set the foundation for the “Declaration of Independence.”
- 1906. The Writings of Thomas Paine.
- Paré, Ambrose. 1909–14. Journeys in Diverse Places.
- Pasteur, Louis. 1909–14. Scientific Papers.
- Penn, William. 1909–14. Fruits of Solitude.
- The aphorisms of the founder of Pennsylvania published anonymously so as not to be reimprisoned for disloyalty.
- Plato. 1909–14. The Apology, Phædo and Crito.
- Three dialogues that epitomize the Socratic question-and-answer style turned philosophy.
- Pliny the Younger. 1909–14. Letters.
- A glimpse into the daily life of a Roman patrician.
- Plutarch. 1909–14. Lives.
- Biographies of Greeks and Romans aimed more at the kernel of a man than the facts of his life.
- Reed, John. 1922. Ten Days That Shook the World.
- The first-person chronicle of a legendary journalist at the flashpoint of the Russian Revolution.
- Rhodes, James Ford. 1917. History of the Civil War, 1861–1865.
- The Pulitzer Prize–winning chronicle for the general reader of four bloody years that stemmed from the practice of slavery.
- Riis, Jacob
- 1890. How the Other Half Lives.
Through sensationalist prose and photography, Riis reveals the appalling living conditions in the Lower East Side of turn-of-the-century New York City.
- 1902. The Battle with the Slum.
Sequel to How the Other Half Lives.
- 1904. Theodore Roosevelt, the Citizen.
Biography by Roosevelt’s lifelong friend and co-worker.
- Roosevelt, Theodore
- 1899. The Rough Riders.
Roosevelt’s memoir of his adventures, triumphs and defeats in the Spanish-American War.
- 1885. Hunting Trips of a Ranchman.
Roosevelt’s ode to the beauty, vigor and challenges of the Dakota Badlands and the frontier life.
- 1919. Letters to His Children.
This endearing collection contains more than twenty years of Roosevelt’s loving correspondence with his children.
- 1896. Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail.
Roosevelt records the joyous experiences on his ranch in the Dakota Territories, with over ninety unique illustrations by Frederic Remington.
- 1913. An Autobiography.
The life that formed one of the greatest and outspoken Presidents in American history.
- 1913. History as Literature.
Covers such topics as modern art, the pursuit of scholarship, science and history, and the poetry of Dante.
- 1916. A Book-Lover’s Holidays in the Open.
Essays encouraging the average person to cross the line of comfortable and traditional travel to discover the vitality of outdoor life.
- 1900. The Strenuous Life.
Commentaries and public addresses on what is necessary for a vital and healthy political, social and individual life.
- 1906. New York.
“A sketch of the city’s social, political, and commercial progress from the first Dutch settlement to recent times.”
- 1914. Through the Brazilian Wilderness.
Biographical account of hunting, camping and “zoogeographical reconnoissance” with his son Kermit.
- 1919. Theodore Roosevelt.
An “intimate biography” by Charles Roscoe Thayer.
- 1920. A Bibliography of Theodore Roosevelt.
John Wheelock’s comprehensive bibliography of Theodore Roosevelt’s writings to 1920.
- Roper, William. 1909–14. The Life of Sir Thomas More.
- Rousseau, Jean Jacques
- 1909–14. On the Inequality among Mankind.
The movers of the French Revolution would embrace the ideas elaborated herein.
- 1909–14. Profession of Faith of a Savoyard Vicar.
One statement of Rousseau’s principles of religious faith.
- 1913. Social Contract & Discourses.
Includes the Discourses on the Arts and Sciences and on the Inequality of Mankind.
- Sanger, Margaret. 1920. Woman and the New Race.
- Manifesto and chronicle of the crusader for women’s reproductive rights.
- Smith, Adam. 1909–14. Wealth of Nations.
- The first complete system of political economy by the articulator of laissez-faire capitalism.
- Strachey, Lytton. 1918. Eminent Victorians.
- Four artful “Victorian visions” that revolutionized the biography.
- Thayer, Charles Roscoe. 1919. Theodore Roosevelt.
- Thomas à Kempis. 1909–14. The Imitation of Christ.
- This pastiche of biblical and Catholic passages remains the most influential of Christian devotional writings.
- Van Doren, Carl. 1921. The American Novel.
- Historical treatment of the development of the “Great American Novel.”
- Vauvenargues, Marquis de. 1903. Selections.
- Voltaire. 1909–14. Letters on the English.
- An examination of the English free thinkers, scientists, religion and government.
- Walton, Izaak. 1909–14. The Lives of John Donne and George Herbert.
- Two of a handful of short biographies by the subjects’ fellow divine and fishing companion.
- Washington, Booker T. 1901. Up from Slavery.
- This autobiographical work reveals a forceful and potent voice in the fight for African-American equality from a century ago.
- Wells, H.G. 1922. A Short History of the World.
- Wells’s tribute to “the needs of the busy general reader who wishes to refresh and repair his faded or fragmentary conceptions of the great adventure of mankind.”
- Wheelock, John. 1920. A Bibliography of Theodore Roosevelt.
- Whitman, Walt. 1892. Prose Works.
- The Good Gray Poet also contributed to the greatest prose of American letters with his war diaries, Prefaces and Democratic Vistas.
- Wollstonecraft, Mary. 1792. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
- The first great feminist treatise.
- Woolman, John. 1909–14. The Journal of John Woolman.
- Exemplifies the inner life of the Society of Friends and the first crusade against slavery in the Americas.