The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume XIII. The Victorian Age, Part One.

X. Dickens



MSS., etc.

Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington. The following MSS. (the majority in Dicken’s handwriting) and various valuable Dickensiana are in the Forster collection: Oliver Twist; with other matter, concerning Pickwick and Master Humphrey’s Clock, bound in. The Lamplighter. A farce. The Old Curiosity Shop. Sketches of Young Couples. Barnaby Rudge. American Notes. Martin Chuzzlewit. The Chimes. Travelling letters. Written on the road [to The Daily News] afterwards republished in Pictures from Italy. Dombey and Son. David Copperfield. Bleak House. Hard Times. A Child’s History of England. Little Dorrit. A Tale of Two Cities. The Mystery of Edwin Drood. Various dedications and memoranda. Leaders, reviews, letters and articles contributed to The Examiner, The Daily News and Household Words. Proofs and revises of parts of works with MS. corrections. Proofs of articles in Household Words, etc. Letters to Forster 1836–64 and various letters. Dickensiana. Law and Commercial Daily Remembrancer, 1831–41, with MS. entries, 4 vols.

In the same collection are also proof-sheets of the following, with Dickens’s emendations and corrections (some, occasionally, by Forster): Master Humphrey’s

Clock [the Clock matter, The Old Curiosity Shop and Barnaby Rudge], Martin Chuzzlewit, The Chimes, Dombey and Son, David Copperfield, Bleak House, Hard Times, Little Dorrit, Great Expectations and portions of Edwin Drood. [These are distributed over both Forster catalogues.]

These proof-sheets, taken in conjunction with the MSS., afford an interesting insight into the novelist’s methods of work; and much may be read—in this case, literally—between the lines.

British Museum. Additional MSS.: Letter with biographical sketch (1860), 2809, f. 426. Letters to T. Fraser (n.d.), 29300, ff. 103, 105. Letter to C. Kent (1870), 31022, f. I. Letter to C. D. from H. C. Andersen (1851), 32343, f. 5. Letters to M. Napier (1841–5), 34622, ff. 98, 199; 34623, ff. 33, 344, 585; 34624, ff. 85, 90, 141, 171, 334, 451; 34625, ff. 310, 331, 459, 519. Signature, etc. (1844), 35026, f. 5. Letter to [Sir John?] Bennett (1867), 35027, f. 118b. Biographical notices and portraits, 35027, ff. 118b–120. Letters to C. Babbage (1841–51), 37191, f. 628; 37192, f. 299; 37193, f. 71; 37194, ff. 130, 477, 480, 515. Letter to C. Cross (1870), 37232, f. 161. Page from the MS. of The Pickwick Papers, 38510, f. 234. Egerton MSS.: Collections relating to C. D., by E. R. Moran (19th cent.), 2154. Letters to T. A. Baylis (1861–2), 2264, ff. 22, 24. Anecdotes of C. D., by T. A. Baylis (19th cent.), 2264, f. 42.

Unique copies of the novels, with their several points enumerated, will be found in the General Catalogue. Also, numerous translations, parodies, etc.


Anderson, J. P. Bibliography attached to Marzials’ Life. 1887.

Catalogue of An Exhibition of the Works of Charles Dickens. With an introduction by Cortissoz, Royal. The Grolier Club. New York, 1913.

Catalogue of the Paintings, Manuscripts…pamphlets, etc. Bequeathed by John Forster…South Kensington Mus. 1893.

Catalogue of the Printed Books bequeathed by John Forster…South Kensington Mus. 1888. [See, also, Catalogue of Dickens Exhibition, Victoria and Albert Mus., March to Oct., 1912, Ken. Mus., 1912.]

Cook, James. Bibliography of the Writings of Charles Dickens, with particulars relating to his works. 1879.

Eckel, John C. The First Editions of Charles Dickens. A Bibliography of the writings of Charles Dickens and their values…with 36 illustrations and facsimiles. 1913. [Gives the different points and values of the first editions.]

Exhibition of Books, Prints, Drawings, Manuscripts and Letters commemorative of the centenary of Charles Dickens, An. The Franklin Club of St. Louis [U. S. A.]. 1912.

Johnson, C. P. Hints to collectors…of…the Works of Charles Dickens. 1885.

Kitton, F. G. Dickensiana. A Bibliography of the Literature relating to Charles Dickens and his writings. 1886.

—— The Novels of Charles Dickens. A Bibliography and Sketch. 1897.

—— The Minor Writings of Charles Dickens. 1900.

Portsmouth. List of Books, Prints, etc,…at Dickens’s Birthplace Museum. 1904.

Shepherd, R. H. The Bibliography of Dickens. 1880.

Slater, J. H. Early Editions. 1894.

Thomson, J. C. Bibliography of the Writings of Charles Dickens. Warwick, 1904.

Wilkins, William Glyde. First and Early American Editions of the works of Charles Dickens. [Privately printed.] Iowa, 1910.


Forster, John. The Life of Charles Dickens. Vol. I (1812–1842). 1872. Vol. II (1842–1852>. 1837. Vol. III (1852–1870). 1874.

—— The Life of Charles Dickens.… With 500 Portraits, Facsimiles, and other illustrations Collected, Arranged, and Annotated by Matz, B. W. 2 vols. (Memorial edn.) 1911.

Archer, Thomas. Charles Dickens. A gossip about his life, works and characters with … character sketches … by F. Barnard, etc. [1894.]

Chesterton, G. K. Charles Dickens. With two portraits. 1906.

Dickens, Mary. My Father as I recall him. [With Illustrations.] [1897.]

—— Charles Dickens. By his eldest Daughter. With full-page illustrations in colour by Brock, C. E. 1911.

Dolby, G. Charles Dickens as I knew him. With 14 portraits and other illustrations. 1912.

Ellison, O. Charles Dickens, novelist. (Biography Books.) [1908.]

Fitzgerald, P. H. The Life of Charles Dickens as revealed in his writings. 1905.

Heichen, Paul. Charles Dickens, sein Leben und seine Werke. Naumburg [1898].

Hervier, P. L. Charles Dickens. (La vie anecdotique et pittoresque des grands écrivains.) Paris [1912].

[Hotten, J. C.] Charles Dickens: the story of his life. With illustrations and facsimiles. [1870.]

Ipsen, A. Charles Dickens, hans Liv og Gerning. Copenhagen, 1912.

Joubert, André. Charles Dickens, sa vie et ses œuvres. Paris, 1872.

Kitton, F. G. Charles Dickens by Pen and Pencil. 1890.

Langton, Robert. The Childhood and Boyhood of Charles Dickens. 1912.

Marzials, F. T. Life of Charles Dickens. 1887.

Matz, B. W. Charles Dickens. The Story of his life and writings. [1902.]

Sala, George Augustus. Charles Dickens. [An Essay.] [1870.]

Stoddard, R. H. Anecdote Biographies of Thackeray and Dickens. (Bric-àBrac series.) New York, 1874.

Ward, Sir Adolphus William. Charles Dickens. A lecture. (Science Lectures. Series 2.) 1866, etc.

—— Dickens. [A biography.] (English Men of Letters.) 1882.


Works. [Frontispiece illustrations only.] 17 vols. 1847–68.

—— Library Edition. [Frontispiece illustrations only.] 26 vols. [1858–9.]

—— Charles Dickens Edition. [Portrait, and illustrations by Seymour, Phiz, Cruikshank, Leech, C. Stanfield, etc. American Notes has a Postscript dated May, 1868.] 18 vols. 1867–8 [and n.d.].

—— [Another issue, with the addition of A Child’s History of England, and a Postscript to Martin Chuzzlewit.] 46 vols. 1868–70 [and n.d.].

—— Household Edition. With illustrations. 21 vols. [1873–9.]

Works. Illustrated Library Edition. [Portrait, and illustrations by Cruikshank, H. K. Browne (Phiz), Cattermole, F. Walker, Marcus Stone, Landseer, Maclise, C. Stanfield, F. Stone, Doyle, Leech, Tenniel, Luke Fildes, etc., etc.] 30 vols. 1874–6.

Works. New Illustrated Edition. 29 vols. New York, 1876–7.

—— Gadshill Edition. Ed. Lang, A. [With all the original illustrations, and additional ones by Chas. Green, Maurice Greiffenhagen, Harry Furniss, F. N. Townsend, A. Jules Goodman, etc. Also includes, for the first time, Sketches of Young Couples, Sketches of Young Gentlemen, The Mudfog Papers, The Lamplighter, Sunday under Three Heads, To be Read at Dusk, The Pantomime of Life, Some Particulars concerning a Lion, Mr. Robert Bolton and Familiar Epistle from a Parent to a Child.] 36 vols. [Vols. XXXV, XXXVI contain Miscellaneous Papers, ed. Matz, B. W. [1897–1908.] Edition de luxe, with Forster’s Life. 1903.

—— The Temple Edition. Ed. Jerrold, W. 1899, etc.

—— Rochester Edition. 1900, etc.

—— The Oxford India Paper Dickens, copyright edn. With illustrations by Cruikshank, Phiz, etc. 17 vols. 1901–2.

—— The Biographical Edition. With illustrations by Cruikshank, Phiz, etc. Ed. Waugh, Arthur. 19 vols. 1902.

—— The Imperial Edition. [Charles Dickens. A critical Study. By Gissing, G. With topographical illustrations by Kitton, F. G.] 1902.

—— Edited with annotations, bibliographical and topographical, Kitton, F. G., 1903, etc.

—— Charles Dickens Library … With 1200 illustrations, including 500 special plates drawn expressly for this edition by Harry Furniss. [Ed. Hammerton, J. A.] 18 vols. [Vol. XVII. The Dickens Picture-Book: a record of the Dickens illustrators. Vol. XVIII. The Dickens Companion: a book of anecdote and reference.] [1910.]


[In cases where the novel was first issued in monthly parts, a first edn. consists of those parts in their wrappers]

Sketches by Boz. The major portion originally appeared in The Library of Fiction, or Family Story Teller, The Monthly Magazine, The Evening Chronicle, The Morning Chronicle and Bell’s Life in London. Dickens’s first published article A Sunday Out of Town, changed to a Dinner at Poplar Walk, was printed in The Monthly Magazine, Dec., 1833; in Sketches it was renamed Mr. Minns and his Cousin. In book form, first series: Sketches by Boz, Illustrative of Every-Day Life, and Every-Day People. In two Volumes. Illustrations by George Cruikshank. John Macrone, St. James Square. 1836. Second series: Sketches by Boz: Illustrative of Every-Day Life, and Every-Day People. The Second Series. Complete in one Volume. John Macrone, St. James Square. 1837. Subsequently published in 20 monthly parts, Nov., 1837 to June, 1839, in pink wrappers designed by Cruikshank: Sketches by Boz Illustrated by George Cruikshank. Chapman and Hall, 186 Strand. 1837. And, on completion, in one volume: Sketches by Boz, Illustrative of Every-Day Life and Every-Day People. With Forty Illustrations by George Cruikshank. New edition, complete. 1839. [For further bibliographical particulars of the Sketches, see, ante, Eckel, John C., under Bibliography, sect. I.]

The Pickwick Papers. First issued in 20 [19] monthly parts, in green wrappers, beginning April, 1836, XIX and XX forming a double number. Title on wrappers: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club Containing a faithful record of the Perambulations, Perils, Travels, Adventures and Sporting Transactions of the corresponding Members. Edited by Boz. With Illustrations.

Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand. 1836. [A perfect copy should be made up as follows: The 19 parts (all dated 1836) with their green wrappers and advertisements. On the front wrappers to I and II, in place of With Illustrations should be read With four Illustrations by Seymour; and to III With Illustrations by R. W. Buss, which part should, also, contain the two discarded plates by that artist. The two plates in IV should be signed Nemo (not Phiz). There should be addresses by the author in II, III, X and XV; and by the publishers in XVII, XVIII and XX. The plates in I–XII should not have any written descriptions, but should have numbered page references to the subjects treated. The plates in XIII–XX should not have either descriptions or numbers. The name Weller on the inn signboard in the illustration on title-page should be spelt with a V. The extra illustrations by Crowquill, Heath, Onwhyn and Samuel Weller, and Sibson, should be bound in, together with their wrappers and advertisements complete.]

Posthumous Papers of The Pickwick Club. With forty-three illustrations by R. Seymour and Phiz. 1837.

The Posthumous Papers of The Pickwick Club. With Illustrations, after Phiz. V(an) D(iemens) Land: Harry Dowling, Launceston. 1838. [The rare Tasmanian edn.]

—— With numerous illustrations, by Sam Weller, Jr., and Alfred Crowquill, Esq. Philadelphia, 1838.

—— With illustrations by R. Seymour, R. W. Buss, Hablot K. Browne and J. Leech. 2 vols. 1887. [The illustrations are facsimiles of the original drawings prepared for the plates.]

—— With the 43 original illustrations and 223 additional pictures … references and analogies and facsimiles. Collected and annotated by C. Van Noorden.… Together with the original announcement of the work … prefaces, addresses and suppressed notes, etc., rptd. from the Victoria edition, with the notes by C. P. Johnson. (The Topical Edition.) 2 vols. 1909.

—— Illustrated by Cecil Aldin. 2 vols. 1910.

Extra Illustrations:

Thirty-two Illustrations to The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, from sketches at the time and places, by Mr. Samuel Weller. Grattan and Gilbert. [Frontispiece dated Nov., 1837. Published in eight parts in green wrappers; described as being by T. Onwhyn and Sam Weller. The plates were executed by Onwhyn with the assistance of various unknown hands.]

Pickwickian Illustrations by William Heath. Twenty Etchings. Published by Thomas McClean. 1837.

Pictures Picked from the Pickwick Papers. By Alfred Crowquill [Alfred H. Forrester]. Ackermann and Co., 96, Strand. 1837. [Issued in buff wrappers, in ten bi-weekly parts; the first dated I May, 1837, and the final part 9 Nov., 1837.]

Thomas Sibson’s Racy Sketches of Expeditions from The Pickwick Club. I Jan., 1838.

Plates [32] to Illustrate the cheap edition of the Pickwick Club. From original Designs by John Gilbert, Engraved by … Greenaway and Knight … E. Appleyard. [1847.]

Six Original Illustrations. Engraved on wood, from drawings By Phiz. [1847.]

Pickwick Pictures. Original Illustrations to The Pickwick Papers (Anonymous). Published by W. Strange, Paternoster Row. [1847.] [Four parts, n.d.]

Twenty-Four Illustrations to The Pickwick Club. By T. Onwhyn. Drawn and Etched in 1847. Albert Jackson, 224 Great Portland Street. 1894.

Six illustrations to the Posthumous Papers of The Pickwick Club. (By Phiz [1854].)

Grego, Joseph (ed.). Pictorial Pickwickiana. Charles Dickens and his illustrators. With 350 Drawings and Engravings by Robert Seymour, Buss, H. K. Browne (Phiz), Leech, Crowquill, Onwhyn, Sibson, Heath, John Gilbert, C. R. Leslie, F. W. Pailthorpe, Charles Green, etc. Notes on contemporaneous illustrations and Pickwick artists. 2 vols. 1899.

Oliver Twist. First appeared in Bentley’s Miscellany Jan., 1837, and continued in monthly portions, concluding Jan., 1838. First edn. in book form: Oliver Twist or, the Parish Boy’s Progress. By Boz. Three Volumes. Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street. 1838. [A few early copies contain the rejected Fireside plate.] Second edn. 1838. Also 1839 and 1841.

The Adventures of Oliver Twist. With twenty-four illustrations on steel, by George Cruikshank. A new edition, revised and corrected. Published for the Author, By Bradbury & Evans, Whitefriars. 1846. [This edn. was originally published in 10 monthly parts bound in green pictorial wrappers designed by Cruikshank; the first number being issued Jan., 1846.]

Nicholas Nickleby. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts in green wrappers, beginning April, 1838, and concluding with the double number containing XIX and XX Oct., 1839. On wrappers: The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby Containing a Faithful Account of the Fortunes, Misfortunes, Uprisings, Downfallings, and Complete Career of the Nickleby Family. Edited by Boz. With Illustrations By Phiz. Chapman and Hall.

Forty extra illustrations, in eight parts in green and buff wrappers, were published by E. Grattan, 1839, after designs by Onwhyn. The same year twenty-four portraits of the chief characters, in six parts in illustrated wrappers, were issued by Robert Tyas, drawn by Kenny Medowes, under the pseudonym Miss La Creevy.

Master Humphrey’s Clock: The Old Curiosity Shop, Barnaby Rudge. Issued in 88 weekly parts and 20 monthly numbers, April, 1840, to Nov., 1841; the former in white, the latter in green, wrappers. Also, in 3 vols. containing the Clock matter, Old Curiosity Shop and Barnaby Rudge. The two main stories were subsequently published as separate books. On wrappers: Master Humphrey’s Clock By Boz. [Month and year.] With Illustrations By G. Cattermole and H. K. Browne. Chapman and Hall. [From the beginning of Barnaby Rudge until the end, part of the title reads: With Illustrations By G. Cattermole & H. K. Browne. Barnaby Rudge. In parts 46–51 of the weekly issue, the name Rudge is misprinted Rudce.]

The Old Curiosity Shop … with illustrations by George Cattermole and H. K. Browne. 1841.

Barnaby Rudge; a tale of the riots of ’Eighty.… With illustrations by G. Cattermole and H. K. Browne. 1841.

Martin Chuzzlewit. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts in green wrappers, from Jan., 1843, concluding with Nos. XIX and XX in July, 1844. On wrappers: The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit His Relatives, Friends and Enemies. Comprising All His Wills and His Ways. With an Historical Record of What He Did, and What He Didn’t; Showing, moreover, Who Inherited the Family Plate, Who came in for the Silver Spoons, and Who for the Wooden Ladles. The whole Forming a Complete Key to the House of Chuzzlewit. Edited by Boz. With Illustrations by Phiz. Chapman & Hall. 1843. [A few early copies have the £ on the signpost in the illustration on title-page transposed thus: 100£, afterwards altered to £100.]

Dombey and Son. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts in green wrappers, from Oct., 1847, to April, 1848; pts. XIX and XX forming a double number. On wrappers: Dealings with the Firm of Dombey and Son Wholesale, Retail, and for Exportation. With Illustrations by H. K. Browne. Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. [The 40 illustrations by Phiz were supplemented by 12 extra plates by him and published in two numbers (No. I containing 8 plates and No. II 4 plates) by Chapman and Hall, 1848. A complete copy should consist of the 20 monthly parts and these extra illustrations bound in.]

—— [Another edn. Bradbury and Evans. 1858.]

—— With illustrations by W. L. Sheppard. New York, 1873.

David Copperfield. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts, in green [blue] wrappers, from May, 1849, to Nov., 1850. Pts. XIX and XX in one. On wrappers: The Personal History, Adventures, Experience, & Observation of David Copperfield the Younger. Of Blunderstone Rookery. (Which He never meant to be Published on any Account.) With Illustrations by H. K. Browne. Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

Bleak House. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts, in green [blue] wrappers beginning Mar., 1852, and ending with a double number containing XIX and XX Sept., 1853. On wrappers: Bleak House. With Illustrations by H. K. Browne. Bradbury & Evans, Bouverie Street.

Hard Times. Published in Household Words from I April to 12 Aug., 1854. In book form: Hard Times. For These Times. Bradbury & Evans, II, Bouverie Street. 1854. [No illustrations to the first edn.]

Little Dorrit. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts in green [blue] wrappers Dec., 1857, concluding with a double number containing XIX and XX June, 1858. On wrapper: Little Dorrit. With Illustrations by H. K. Browne. Bradbury & Evans, Bouverie Street. [A printed slip correcting an oversight in the text should be found inserted between pp. 466–7.]

A Tale of Two Cities. Published simultaneously in All the Year Round and in 8 [7] monthly parts, in green [blue] wrappers, beginning in June and ending with a double number in Dec., 1859. On wrappers: A Tale of Two Cities. With Illustrations by H. K. Browne. Chapman and Hall, 193, Piccadilly. [A few first issues have page 213 misprinted 113.]

Great Expectations. Appeared in All the Year Round from Dec., 1860, to Aug., 1861, when it was published in 3 vols. The MS. is in Wisbech Museum. Great Expectations. In Three Volumes. Chapman and Hall, 193, Piccadilly. 1861. [Clean copies of the first edn. are extremely rare, practically the whole issue having been absorbed by the circulating libraries. There are no illustrations to the original edn.]

Our Mutual Friend. Published in 20 [19] monthly parts, in green wrappers, beginning May, 1864, concluding with a double number of XIX and XX Nov., 1865. On wrapper: Our Mutual Friend. With Illustrations By Marcus Stone. Chapman & Hall, Piccadilly. [A printed slip explanatory of the title should be found inserted at the beginning.]

The Mystery of Edwin Drood. Issued in monthly parts, in green wrappers, beginning April, 1870, and, owing to the author’s death, ending with the sixth number. On wrapper: The Mystery of Edwin Drood. With Illustrations. Chapman & Hall, 193, Piccadilly.

Drood literature:

Charles, Edwin. Keys to the Drood Mystery. 1908.

Fennell, C. A. M. The Opium-Woman and Datchery in The Mystery of Edwin Drood. 1913.

J[ackson], H[enry]. About Edwin Drood. Cambridge, 1911.

Lang, Andrew. The Puzzle of Dickens’s Last Plot. 1905.

Nicoll, Sir W. Robertson. The Problem of Edwin Drood. [1912.] [With a bibliography of the Drood controversy compiled by Matz, B. W.]

Saunders, Montagu. The Mystery in the Drood Family. Cambridge, 1914.

Walters, J. C. The Complete Mystery of Edwin Drood.… The history, continuations, and solutions 1870–1912. With a portrait, illustrations by Sir Luke Fildes, R.A., F. G. Kitton, facsimiles and a bibliography [including all newspaper articles and letters on the Drood mysteries to 1912]. 1912.

—— Clues to Dickens’s Mystery of Edwin Drood. 1905.


A Christmas Carol. In prose. Being A Ghost Story of Christmas. By Charles Dickens. With Illustrations by John Leech. 1843. [A genuine first issue of the original edn. should have the title-page printed in red and blue and should bear Stave I, in place of Stave One.]

—— A facsimile reproduction of the author’s original MS. With an introduction by F. G. Kitton. 1890.

The Chimes: A Goblin Story of Some Bells that Rang An Old Year Out and A New Year In. 1845. [There are 13 illustrations: by Maclise, Leech, C. Stanfield and Doyle.]

The Cricket On The Hearth. A Fairy Tale Of Home. 1846. [Fourteen illustrations, by Leech, Doyle, Landseer and C. Stanfield.]

The Battle of Life. A Love Story. 1846. [There are four issues of the first edn., with slight variants in the illustrated title-page.]

The Haunted Man And The Ghost’s Bargain. A Fancy for Christmas Time. 1848. [Seventeen illustrations by Tenniel, Leech, F. Stone and C. Stanfield.]

Christmas Numbers of Household Words.

1850. A Christmas Tree. 1851. What Christmas is as we grow older. 1852. A Round of Stories. [The Poor Relation’s Story and The Child’s Story by Dickens.] 1853. Another Round of Stories. [The Schoolboy’s Story and Nobody’s Story.] 1854. The Seven Poor Travellers. [The First Poor Traveller and The Road.] 1855. The Holly Tree Inn. [The Guest, The Boots and The Bill.] 1856. The Wreck of The Golden Mary. [By Dickens and Wilkie Collins.] 1857. The Perils of Certain English Prisoners. [Chapters I and III.] 1858. A House to Let. [Going into Society.]

Christmas Numbers of All The Year Round.

1859. The Haunted House. [The Mortals in the House, The Ghost in Master B’s Room, and The Ghost in the Corner Room, by Dickens.] 1860. A Message from the Sea. [Chapters I, II and V. Dickens’s interpolations and emendations are obvious in other portions.] 1861. Tom Tiddler’s Ground. [Chapters I, VI and VII.] 1862. Somebody’s Luggage. [i. His Leaving It Till Called For; ii. His Boots; vii. His Brown-Paper Parcel; X. His Wonderful End. Also a portion of chap. III.] 1863. Mrs. Lirriper’s Lodgings. [How Mrs. Lirriper carried on the Business and How the Parlours added a few Words. The first Christmas number issued in a wrapper.] 1864. Mrs. Lirriper’s Legacy. [Mrs. Lirriper relates how she went on, and went over and Mrs. Lirriper relates how Jemmy topped up.] 1865. Doctor Marigold’s Prescriptions. [i. To be Taken Immediately; vi. To be Taken with a Grain of Salt; vii. To be Taken for Life.] 1866. Mugby Junction. [Barbox Brothers; Barbox Brothers & Co.; Main Line; The Boy at Mugby; No. I Branch Line. The Signalman.] 1867. No Thoroughfare. [The Overture, portions of Acts I and IV, and the whole of Act III. (See, also, post, sect. VIII, under Plays.)]

Christmas Books [i.e. A Christmas Carol, The Chimes, The Cricket on the Hearth, The Battle of Life, The Haunted Man]. 1852.

—— Another edn. With illustrations by Landseer, Maclise, Stanfield, F. Stone, Doyle, Leech and Tenniel. 1869.


Sunday Under Three Heads. As it is; As the Sabbath Bills would make it As it might be made. By Timothy Sparks. 1836.

The Mudfog Papers. [Contributed to Bentley’s Miscellany during 1837–8.]

The Mudfog Society and other sketches and stories. [1866.]

The Mudfog Papers … Now first collected. 1880. Second edn. 1880.

Memoirs of Joseph Grimaldi. Edited by Boz. With Illustrations by George Cruikshank. 2 vols. 1838.

—— With Cruikshank’s illustrations and Charles Whitehead’s notes … with introduction and notes by Percy Fitzgerald. 1903.

Sketches of Young Gentlemen. Dedicated to the Young Ladies: With Six Illustrations. By Phiz. 1838.

Sketches of Young Couples; With An Urgent Remonstrance to the Gentlemen of England (Being Bachelors or Widowers), On The Present Alarming Crisis. By The Author of Sketches of Young Gentlemen. With Six Illustrations by Phiz. 1840.

American Notes For General Circulation. 2 vols. 1842.

Threatening Letter to Thomas Hood, from an Ancient Gentleman. By favour of Charles Dickens. Hood’s Magazine and Comic Miscellany. May, 1844.

Pictures From Italy. 1846. [First appeared in The Daily News under the heading Travelling Sketches—Written on the Road, contributed by Dickens during his Italian tour.]

A Child’s Dream of a Star. Household Words. 6 April, 1850. With Illustrations by Hammatt Billings. Boston [U. S. A.], 1871.

A Child’s History of England.… Vol. I. England from the Ancient Times. to the Death of King John. 1852. Vol. II. The Reign of Henry the Third, to the Reign of Richard the Third. 1853. Vol. III. England from the Reign of Henry the Seventh to The Revolution 1688. 1854. [The

MS. in the V. and A. Mus. shows only chapters II and IV in Dickens’s handwriting; the remaining portions being dictated to, and written by, his sister-in-law, Georgina Hogarth. First appeared, at irregular periods, in House-hold Words.]

A Child’s History of England [Another edn.] With illustrations by Marcus Stone. 1873.

To Be Read At Dusk. [Privately printed.] 1852. [First printed in The Keepsake, 1852.] With Other Sketches and Essays Hitherto Uncollected. Ed. Kitton, F. G. 1898.

A Curious Dance Round A Curious Tree. [1860.] [First appeared in Household Words, 1852. Frequently described as the work of W. H. Wills. The discovery of the original MS. in America, as described in Eckel’s Bibliography, pp. 211–212, conclusively proves that more than half was written by Dickens and the remainder revised by him.]

The Lazy Tour of Two Idle Apprentices. [Written conjointly with Wilkie Collins and printed in Household Words, 1857.] With No Thoroughfare. The Perils of Certain English Prisoners. 1890. [Chapters I and III of The Perils are by Dickens and chapter II by Collins.]

Gone Astray. Published in Household Words, 13 August, 1853. With illustrations by Ruth Cobb, and an introduction by Matz, B. W. 1912.

Hunted Down. First published in The New York Ledger, 20 and 27 Aug. and 3 Sept., 1859; afterwards in All The Year Round, 4 and II April, 1860. With some account of T. G. Wainewright, the Poisoner. [By J. C. H. i. e. John Camden Hotten.] [1870.]

The Uncommercial Traveller. 1861. [Containing seventeen sketches under this heading from Household Words.] Another edn. 1866 [issued 1865 with the addition of eleven extra pieces.] (For detailed list see Eckel’s Bibliography, pp. 142–5.) Ed. Chesterton, G. K. [1911.]

In Memoriam, W. M. T. [i.e. W. M. Thackeray]. Cornhill Magazine. 1864.

George Silverman’s Explanation. Atlantic Monthly [U. S. A.]. Jan. Feb. and Mar., 1868.

Holiday Romance. First published in Our Young Folks [U. S. A.], Jan. Mar. April and May, 1868. Rptd. in All The Year Round, 25 Jan., 8 Feb., 14 March and 4 April, 1868.

The Magic Fishbone. [Abstracted from Holiday Romance.] With illustrations by S. Beatrice Pearse. [1912.]

The following fragments will be found in Forster’s Life:

Account of a late Expedition into the North, for an Amateur Theatrical Benefit, written by Mrs. Gamp, Inscribed to Mrs. Harris, edited by Charles Dickens. i. Mrs. Gamp’s Account of her Connection with this Affair. ii. Mrs. Gamp is descriptive. [Memorial edn., vol. I, chap. I, 1911.]

Mrs. Gamp with the Strolling Players. An Unfinished Sketch. By Charles Dickens. [Privately printed.] New York, 1899. [85 copies only.]

How Mr. Sapsea ceased to be a member of the Eight Club. [An unused chapter for Edwin Drood. Memorial edn., vol. II, pp. 412–416.]

For a complete list of articles contributed to Bentley’s Miscellany, Household Words, All the Year Round, The Examiner, etc., see The Minor Writings of C. D. by Kitton. Also, bibliography at the end of The Dickens Companion, vol. XVIII of The Charles Dickens Library end. of Works, ed. Hammerton, J. A. [1910].


The Ivy Green. A Christmas Carol. Gabriel Grub’s Song. Bold Turpin vunce, on Hounslow Heath. [1837. Pickwick Papers.]

The Fine Old English Gentleman. The Quack Doctor’s Proclamation. Subjects for Painters (after Peter Pindar). [Signed W. The Examiner. 1841.]

Prologue [to The Patrician’s Daughter. 1842.]

A Word in Season. [The Keepsake. 1844.]

The British Lion. The Hymn of the Wiltshire Labourers. [The Daily News, 24 Jan. and 14 Feb. 1846.]

Lines addressed to Mark Lemon. [In a letter to M. L. in 1849 and signed T. Sparkler.]

Prologue and The Song of the Wreck. [The Lighthouse. 1855.]

Prologue [to The Frozen Deep. 1856].

A Child’s Hymn. [The Wreck of the Golden Mary. 1856.] See The Dickensian, no. 5, vol. XII, May, 1916.

The Poems and Verses of C. D.… Collected and edited, with bibliographical notes, by F. G. Kitton. 1903.


For original drawings and paintings, see the various catalogues of The Victoria and Albert Museum and the catalogue of Prints and Drawings in the Print Room of the British Museum.

An Account of the Origin of the Pickwick Papers, by Mrs. Seymour, widow of the artist who originated the work, with Mr. Dickens’s version, and her reply thereto. [n.d.]

Barnard, Fred. A Series of Character Sketches from Dickens. 1879, [1887], [1913]. [See, also, the various edns. illustrated by Barnard.]

Browne, Edgar A. Phiz and Dickens as they appeared to Edgar Browne. 1913.

Browne, Hablot Knight. Dombey and Son. The Four Portraits. 1848.

—— Full-length Portraits of Dombey and Carker, Miss Tox, etc. 1848.

—— Four Plates … to illustrate … The Old Curiosity Shop. 1848.

—— Four Plates … to illustrate the cheap edn. of Barnaby Rudge. 1849. [See, also, the various works illustrated by Browne.]

Crowdy, W. L. Famous Dickens Pictures [by Charles Green]. [1912.]

Cruikshank, George. Letter respecting the origin of Oliver Twist. The Times. 30 Dec., 1871.

—— The Artist and the Author, a Statement of Facts [pamphlet]. 1872.

—— Life of George Cruikshank. [By Jerrold, W. B.] 1883.

—— Cruikshank’s Water Colours with introduction by Joseph Grego. 1903. [Containing facsimiles of 27 water colours for Oliver Twist done in 1866.]

Dickens, The, Picture Book. Vol. XVII of C. D. Library edn. of Works. [1910.]

Furniss, Harry. See C. D. Library edn. [1910.]

Gibson, Charles Dana. People of Dickens. 1897.

Kitton, F. G. Dickens and his Illustrators. Cruikshank, Seymour, Buss, Phiz, Cattermole, Leech, Doyle, Stanfield, Maclise, Tenniel, Frank Stone, Landseer, Palmer, Topham, Marcus Stone and Luke Fildes. With Twenty-two Portraits and Facsimiles of seventy original drawings now reproduced for the first time. 1899. [With a complete bibliography.]

Pailthorpe, F. W. Great Expectations. [Twenty-one engraved plates, after etchings by F. W. P.] 1885. [There were no illustrations to the original edn.]

Proctor, John. Au Revoir. Cartoon in Judy. 13 Nov., 1867.

Punch. For political cartoons based upon Dickens characters and incidents, by Leech, Tenniel and others, see Kitton’s Dickens and Punch, The English Illustrated Magazine, pp. 799–807, 1891.

Scenes and Characters from the Works of C. D.: being eight hundred and sixty-six drawings by Fred. Barnard, Hablot Knight Browne [and others] … printed from the original wood blocks engraved for the Household edn. [1873–9]. 1908.

Thomson, D. C. Life and Labours of Hablot Knight Browne.… With one hundred and thirty Illustrations., 1884.

See, also, ante, III, under The Pickwick Papers, Nicholas Nickleby and Dombey and Son.


The Strange Gentleman (1836). The Strange Gentleman; A Comic Burletta, In Two Acts. By Boz. First Performed at The St. James’s Theatre, on Thursday, 29 September, 1836. 1837.

The Village Coquettes (1836). Songs, Choruses, And Concerted Pieces, in The Operatic Burletta of The Village Coquettes, as performed at The Saint James’s Theatre. The Drama and Words of the Songs By Boz. The Music by John Hullah. 1837.

Is She His Wife? or, Something Singular (1837). Is She His Wife? or Something Singular. A Comic Burletta In One Act. [n.d.] (An American reprint is dated 1877.)

The Lamplighter (1838). The Lamplighter A Farce Now First Printed from a Manuscript in the Forster Collection at the South Kensington Museum. 1879. [Originally written as a farce for Macready, but withdrawn and afterwards revised and published as Dickens’s contribution to The Pic Nic Papers, and entitled The Lamplighter’s Story.]

Mr. Nightigale’s Diary (1851). Mr. Nightigale’s Diary: A Farce. In One Act. By —. 1851. [The joint production of Mark Lemon and Dickens.]

The Lighthouse (1855) and The Frozen Deep (1856). [Both these plays were originally written by Wilkie Collins, but were added to and considerably amended by Dickens in the course of rehearsal. To The Lighthouse he contributed the prologue and the Song of the Wreck.]

No Thoroughfare (1867). A dramatised version of the story in the Christmas number of All the Year Round, by Dickens and Wilkie Collins. No Thoroughfare. A Drama. In Five Acts. (Altered from the Christmas Story, for Performance on the Stage.) By Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins. 1867.

To the Patrician’s Daughter, a tragedy in five Acts by J. Westland Marston, produced in 1841, Dickens contributed the prologue.

[Most of these editions of single plays are very scarce.]

The Plays and Poems of Charles Dickens, with a few miscellanies in prose and verse. Ed. Shepherd, R. H. 2 vols. 1885.


Speeches, Letters, and Sayings of Charles Dickens. To which is added a sketch of the Author by George Augustus Sala, and Dean Stanley’s Sermon. New York, 1870.

The Newsvendors’ Benevolent and Provident Institution. Speeches in behalf of the Institution by … Charles Dickens. [1871.]

The Letters of Charles Dickens. Edited by his Sister-in-law and his eldest Daughter (i.e. Georgina Hogarth and Mamie Dickens). Vol. 1, 1833 to 1856. 1880. Vol. II, 1857 to 1870. 1880. And a supplementary vol. III, 1836 to 1870. 1882.

The Speeches of Charles Dickens. 1841–1870. Edited and prefaced by Shepherd, R. H. 1884. [A detailed list of letters will be found in the bibliography at the end.]

Letters of Charles Dickens to Wilkie Collins. 1851–1870. Selected by G. Hogarth. Ed. Hutton, L. 1892.

Charles Dickens and Maria Beadnell. Private Correspondence. Ed. Baker, G. P. (Bibliophile society.) Boston [U. S. A.], 1908.

The Dickens-Kolle Letters. Ed. Smith, Harry B. New York. Supplemental to the letters from Charles Dickens to Maria Beadnell. [With an introductory note by Harper, Henry H., and illustrations.] (Bibliophile society.) Boston [U. S. A.], 1910.

[The Beadnell and Kolle Letters are interesting as throwing light upon the original of Dora in Copperfield and the transformation of the same original into the Flora Finching of Little Dorrit.]

Charles Dickens as Editor: being letters written by him to William Henry Wills, his sub-editor. Ed. Lehmann, R. C. With portraits. 1912.

For originals of letters see, ante, sect. I, under the headings Victoria and Albert Museum and British Museum.


The Pic Nic Papers. By Various Hands. Ed. by Charles Dickens, Esq. With Illustrations by George Cruikshank, Phiz, etc. 3 vols. 1841. Evenings of a Working Man.… With a Preface Relative to the Author. By Charles Dickens. 1844. Legends and Lyrics. By Adelaide Procter. With an Introduction by Charles Dickens. New edn. With additions. 1866. Religious Opinions of the Late Reverend Chauncey Hare Townshend. Published as Directed in his Will. By his Literary Executor [i.e. Charles Dickens]. 1869.

The Dickens Periodicals

Bentley’s Miscellany. [1837–9.] Household Words. [1850–9.] All the Year Round. [1859. Remained under the control of Dickens until his death in 1870.] The Daily News. Dickens founded in Jan., 1846, and was the first editor of, the newspaper which now bears the title The Daily News and Leader. Finding the work uncongenial, he resigned the editorship at a very early period of the paper’s existence.


Ainger, A. Lectures and Essays. Vol. II. 1905.

Allbut, R. London Rambles … with Charles Dickens. 1903.

Axon, W. E. A. Charles Dickens and Shorthand. [1892.]

Bagehot, Walter. Charles Dickens (1858). Literary Studies. Vol. II. 1879 [1878].

Barlow, George. The Genius of Dickens. [1909.]

Bluhm, G. R. Autobiographisches in David Copperfield. Reichenbach i. V., 1891.

Bookman, The. [Dickens Number.] 1914.

Canning, A. S. G. Philosophy of Charles Dickens. 1880.

Calverley, C. S. An Examination Paper. The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. See pp. 115 ff. of Calverley’s Works. 1901.

Charles Dickens Sale, The. Catalogue (printed in facsimile) of the…collection of modern pictures, water colour drawings, and objects of art, of the late C. D., with the…names of purchasers, prices realised, appended to each lot. [1870.]

Chesterton, G. K. Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens. 1911.

—— The Victorian Age in Literature. [1913.]

Clarke, Sir Edward. Charles Dickens and the Law. Cornhill Mag. May, 1914.

Crotch, W. W. Charles Dickens. Social Reformer. 1913.

—— The Pageant of Dickens. 1915.

Dibelius, W. Zu den Pickwick Papers. Anglia. Vol. XXXV. Halle, 1912.

Dickens Companion, The: A book of anecdote and reference. Vol. VIII of Works, Charles Dickens Library edn. [1910.] [See the list of Dickens literature, pp. xiii–xvi.]

Dickens Pilgrimage, A. [The Times series.] 1914.

Dickensian, The. 1905, etc. [The organ of the Dickens Fellowship.]

Du Pontavice de Heussey, R. Un Maître du roman contemporain. Paris, 1889.

Field, Kate. Pen Photographs of Charles Dickens’s Readings. [1868.]

Fields, T. In and out of Doors with Charles Dickens. 1876.

Fitzgerald, P. H. The History of Pickwick. 1891.

—— Bozland. Dickens places and people. 1895.

—— Pickwickian Manners and Customs. [1897.]

—— The Pickwickian Dictionary and Cyclopaedia. [1903.]

—— Pickwick Riddles and Perplexities. 1912.

—— Memories of Charles Dickens. 1913.

FitzGerald, Shafto J. A. Dickens and the Drama. 1910.

Frost, T. In Kent with Charles Dickens. 1880.

Fyfe, T. A. Charles Dickens and the Law. 1910.

Gissing, G. R. Charles Dickens: A Critical Study. 1898.

—— The Rochester edn. of Dickens. 1900.

—— The Dickens Number of Literature. Jan., 1902.

Grech, W. L. Charles Dickens in his Works. [1911.]

Harris, Edwin. Gad’s Hill Place and Charles Dickens. 1910.

Harrison, Frederic. Dickens’s Place in Literature. [1894.]

Harte, Bret. Dickens in Camp. [Verses.] The Overland. July, 1870.

Helm, W. H. Aspects of Balzac. 1905.

Horne, R. H. A New Spirit of the Age. 2 vols. 1844.

Hughes, J. L. Dickens as an Educator. 1900.

Hughes, W. R. A Week’s Tramp in Dickensland. 1891.

Jerome, Jerome K. Idle Ideas in 1905, pp. 131–140. [1905.]

Kent, W. C. M. Charles Dickens as a Reader. 1872.

Kitton, F. G. Artistic London: from the Abbey to the Tower with Dickens. [1891.]

—— The Dickens Country. 1911.

Lang, Andrew. Essays in Little. 1891.

—— Introduction and notes to Gadshill edn. of Works. [1897–1908.]

Leffmann, H. About Dickens: being a few essays suggested by the novels. 1908.

Letters from America, containing welcomes, newspaper articles, and the MS. play, Boz, a Masque phrenological, written in honour of the arrival of Charles Dickens, Esq., Boston [U.S.A.], 22 Jan., 1842, etc. [V. and A. Mus. copy only.]

Lightwood, James T. Charles Dickens and Music. 1912.

Lockwood, Sir F. The Law and Lawyers of Pickwick. [1894.]

MacSpadden, J. W. Synopses of Dickens’s Novels. [1909.]

Madden, R. R. The Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of Blessington. 3 vols. 1855.

Merivale, H. C., and Marzials, Sir F. T. Life of W. M. Thackeray. (Great Writers.) 1891.

Miltoun, F. Dickens’s London. 1904.

Munro, W. A. Charles Dickens et Alphonse Daudet, romanciers de l’enfant et des humbles. Toulouse, 1908.

Murray, David Christie. My Contemporaries in Fiction. 1897.

Parmentier, F. J. A Welcome to Dickens. [In rime, introducing many of the author’s characters.] Harper’s Weekly. [U.S.A.] 30 Nov., 1867.

Pascoe, Chas. E. Dickens in Yorkshire. 1912.

Pemberton, T. E. Charles Dickens and the Stage. 1888.

—— Dickens’s London. 1888.

Philip, A. J. A Dickens Dictionary: the characters and scenes of the novels and miscellaneous works alphabetically arranged. 1909.

Pierce, G. A. The Dickens Dictionary. A key to the characters and principal incidents in the tales of Charles Dickens. 1872.

Pugh, E. W. Charles Dickens. The Apostle of the People. 1910.

—— The Charles Dickens Originals. 1912.

Renton, Richard. John Forster and his Friendships. 1912.

Rideal, C. F. Charles Dickens’s Heroines and Women-Folk. [1896.]

Rimmer, A. About England with Dickens. 1883.

Ruskin, John. Works. (Library edn.) 39 vols. 1903–12.

Saintsbury, G. Corrected Impressions. 1895.

Shore, W. T. Charles Dickens and his Friends. 1909.

Swinburne, A. C. Charles Dickens. 1913. See, also, article in The Quarterly Review, July, 1902.

Taine, H. A. Histoire de la Littérature anglaise. 5 tom. Paris, 1899–1902.

Thomson, W. R. In Dickens Street. [Studies in Dickens’s Characters.] 1912.

Traill, H. D. Social England. Vol. VI 1898.

Trollope, Anthony. St. Paul’s Magazine. 1870.

Walker, Hugh. The Literature of the Victorian Era. Cambridge, 1910.

Walters, John C. Phases of Dickens. The man, his message, and his mission. 1911.

Ward, H. S. and C. W. B. The Real Dickens Land. 1904 [1903].

Watts-Dunton, Theodore. Dickens and Father Christmas. The Nineteenth Century. Dec., 1907.

Waugh, Arthur. See the Biographical edn. of Works, 1902.

Wiggin, afterwards Rigg, Kate D. A Child’s Journey with Dickens. [1912.]

Wilkins, William G. Charles Dickens in America. 1911.

Williams, Mary. The Dickens Concordance: being a compendium of names and characters and principal places mentioned in the works of Charles Dickens. 1907.

Many of the criticisms of Dickens’s contemporaries have been collected in Kitton’s Dickensiana, and the Dickens Companion (vol. XVIII of Charles Dickens Library edn., ed. Hammerton, J. A. [1910]).

G. A. B.