The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume XIII. The Victorian Age, Part One.

XIV. George Meredith, Samuel Butler, George Gissing



Esdaile, A. J. K. Bibliography of the Writings in Prose and Verse of George Meredith. 1907.

—— A Chronological List of George Meredith’s Publications, 1849–1911. 1914.

Lane, John. Bibliography in Le Gallienne’s George Meredith. 1890.

Collected Works

The Works of George Meredith. [34 vols. published.] 1896, etc. The New Popular Edition. 18 vols. 1897, 1898. 18 vols. 1902–5. Memorial Edition. 27 vols. 1909–11 [vol. 27, Bibliography by Esdaile, A. J. K.]. Standard Edition. 1914.


Poems. 1851.

Modern Love and Poems of the English Roadside. 1862. Portland [U. S. A.], 1891.

See Swinburne’s article in The Spectator, 7 June, 1862.

Poems and Lyrics of the Joy of Earth. 1883.

Ballads and Poems of Tragic Life. 1887.

A Reading of the Earth. 1888.

Poems. The Empty Purse. With Odes to the Comic Spirit, to Youth in Memory, and Verses. 1892.

Jump-to-Glory Jane. [A poem rptd. from The Universal Review].… Ed. and arranged by Quilter, H. With forty-four designs invented, drawn and written by Lawrence [sic] Housman. 1892.

Odes in contribution to the Songs of French History. 1898.

A Reading of Life. 1901.

The Nature Poems of George Meredith. With sixteen … pictures … by William Hyde. 1907.

Poems written in Early Youth (published in 1851), Poems from Modern Love, and Scattered Poems. 1909.

Last Poems. 1909.

Poetical Works. With some notes by Trevelyan, G. M. 1912.

Separate Prose Works

The Shaving of Shagpat. An Arabian entertainment. 1856 [1855]. The Shaving of Shagpat … and Farina.… A new edn. 1889. Mackechnie, J. Meredith’s Allegory. The Shaving of Shagpat, interpreted. 1910.

Farina: a legend of Cologne. 1857, 1865.

The Ordeal of Richard Feverel. A history of Father and Son. 3 vols. 1859. Other edns.: 1878, 1890, 1897, 1899.

Evan Harrington. 3 vols. 1861. New edn. 1889.

Emilia in England. 3 vols. 1864. Another edn. entitled Sandra Belloni. 1889.

Rhoda Fleming. 3 vols. 1865. New edn. 1890.

Vittoria. 3 vols. 1867. A new edn. 1889.

The Adventures of Harry Richmond. 3 vols. 1871. New edn. 1889.

Beauchamp’s Career. 3 vols. 1876. New edn. 1889.

The House on the Beach. A realistic tale. New York, 1877. Harper’s Half-Hour Series.

On the idea of Comedy; and of the uses of the Comic Spirit. (A lecture delivered at the London Institution, February 1st, 1877.) [Signed: G. M.] [1877.] 1897, etc. Proofsheets, with the author’s corrections, of the Essay on Comedy, published in The New Quarterly Magazine, April, 1877.

The Egoist. A comedy in narrative. 3 vols. 1879, 1880, 1890.

The Tragic Comedians. A study in a well-known story. Enlarged from The Fortnightly Review. 2 vols. 1880. Revised and corrected by the Author. With an introductory note on Ferdinand Lassalle by Shorter, Clement. 1892.

Diana of the Crossways. A novel.… Considerably enlarged from The Fortnightly Review. 3 vols. 1885, 1890.

Sandra Belloni. 1889. See Emilia in England [first published under this title 1864].

The Case of General Ople and Lady Camper. New York [1890].

The Tale of Chloe: an episode in the history of Beau Beamish. New York [1890]. English edn. 1900.

One of Our Conquerors. 3 vols. 1891. New edn. 1892.

Lord Ormont and his Aminta. 1894.

The Amazing Marriage. 2 vols. 1895.

The Story of Bhanavar the Beautiful. [From The Shaving of Shagpat.] 1900. Celt and Saxon. 1910.

The Gentleman of Fifty and the Damsel of Nineteen. 1910.

Up to Midnight.… A series of dialogues contributed to the Graphic, now rptd. for the first time. Boston [U. S. A.], 1913.


Letters. Collected and ed. by his son [Meredith, W. M.]. 2 vols. 1912.

Letters from George Meredith to E. Clodd and C. K. Shorter. 1913. [30 copies privately ptd. for Wise, T. J.]

Biography and Criticism

Bailey, Elmer J. The Novels of George Meredith. 1910.

Barrie, Sir J. M. George Meredith. 1909. See, also, The Contemporary Review, Oct., 1888, and The Scots Observer, 24 Nov., 1888.

Beach, J. W. The Comic Spirit of George Meredith. 1911.

Bedford, H. The Heroines of George Meredith. 1911.

Benedetti, Anna. George Meredith, poeta: Fiona Macleod.… Studi letterari, etc. 1913.

Brownell, W. C. Victorian Prose Masters. Thackeray.… George Meredith. 1902.

Curle, R. H. P. Aspects of George Meredith. 1908.

Dick, Ernst. George Meredith. Drei Versuche. 1910.

Dixon, W. M. In the Republic of Letters. 1898.

Dowden, E. New Studies in Literature. 1895.

[Eliot, George.] The Shaving of Shagpat. The Leader: 5 Jan., 1856. [Rpt. in Literary Anecdotes of the Nineteenth Century, vol. II.]

Elton, O. Modern Studies. 1907.

Fehr, B. George Meredith: Der Dichter der Evolution. Die neueren Sprachen. Vol. XVIII. Marburg, 1910–11.

Forman, H. B. George Meredith: some early appreciations. 1909.

Hammerton, J. A. George Meredith in anecdote and criticism. 1909.

Henderson, A. Interpretations of Life and the Modern Spirit. 1911.

—— May J. S. George Meredith, novelist, poet, reformer. 1907.

Henley, W. E. George Meredith. Views and Reviews. 2nd edn. 1892.

Jerrold, Walter. George Meredith: an essay towards appreciation. 1902.

Le Gallienne, R. George Meredith: some characteristics. 1890.

Legouis, É. L’Égoïste de G. M. Revue Germanique. July–August. 1905.

Lynch, H. George Meredith. A study. 1891.

Moffat, James. George Meredith: a primer to Novels. 1909.

Nevinson, H. W. Books and Personalities. 1905.

Nicoll, Sir W. R. and Wise, T. J. Literary Anecdotes of the Nineteenth Century. 2 vols. 1896.

Photiades, C. George Meredith, sa vie—son imagination—son art—sa doctrine. Paris, 1910. Eng. tr. 1913.

Saintsbury, George. The Present State of the Novel. The Fortnightly Review. Sept., 1887.

Salt, H. S. The Life of James Thomson. 1889.

Short, T. S. On some Characteristics of George Meredith’s Prose-Writing. 1907.

Symons, A. George Meredith’s Poetry. The Westminster Review. Sept., 1887.

—— George Meredith as a Poet. Figures of Several Centuries. 1915.

Thomson, James. James Thomson (B.V.) on George Meredith. 1909.

Trevelyan, G. M. The Poetry and Philosophy of George Meredith. 1912.

Watson, W. Fiction, Plethoric and Anaemic. The National Review. Oct., 1889.

Wrage, E. Die Psychologie der Charaktere in den Romanen George Merediths. Die neueren Sprachen. Vol. XVIII. Marburg, 1910–11.


MSS. in British Museum

Additional 34486, ff. 56–86. Correspondence with Charles and Francis Darwin. 1863–1880.

—— 34486, f. 62. Letter to T. W. G. Butler, 1876.

—— 36711–36713. Original MSS. of Erewhon and Erewhon Revisited.

Single Works

Darwin among the Machines. [Signed: Cellarius, i.e. S. Butler. A cutting from The Press of Canterbury, N. Z.] [1863.]

A First Year in Canterbury Settlement. 1863. A First Year in Canterbury Settlement, with other early essays. Ed. Streatfeild, R. A. 1914.

Note on the Tempest, Act III, Sc. i. Literary Foundlings … collected in Canterbury, N. Z. 1864.

The Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, as given by the Four Evangelists, critically examined. 1865. [Two copies in the B.M. (03127. ce. 14. 2–3) have MS. notes by the author.]

Erewhon; or Over the Range. 1872. 2nd edn. 1872. [The B.M. copy (c. 60. k. 9) has MS. notes by the author.] New and revised edn. 1901. Samuel Butler and The Press. The Germ of Erewhon. [An article extracted from The Press, Christchurch, N.Z. 25 May, 1911. Christchurch, N. Z. 1911.]

Cf. The Quarterly Review, January, 1914.

The Fair Haven. A work in defence of the miraculous element in Our Lord’s Ministry on earth. By the late John Pickard Owen. Edited by W. B. Owen, with a Memoir by the Author. [Entirely written by Butler, S.] 1873. 2nd edn. 1873.

The Fair Haven. Now reset; and edn., with an introduction by Streatfeild, R. A. 1913.

Life and Habit. 1878 [1877]. New edn., with author’s addenda. [Ed. Streatfeild, R. A.] 1910.

Evolution, old and new; or, the theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, as compared with that of Charles Darwin. 1879. 2nd edn., with an appendix and index. 1882. New edn. (third), with author’s revisions, appendix and index. [Ed. Streatfeild, R. A.] 1911.

Unconscious Memory: a comparison between the theory of Dr. Ewald Hering … and the Philosophy of the Unconscious of Dr. Edward von Hartmann; with translations from these authors, and preliminary chapters bearing on Life and Habit, Evolution, old and new, and Charles Darwin’s edn. of Dr. Krause’s Erasmus Darwin. 1880.

Alps and Sanctuaries of Piedmont and the Canton of Ticino. [With illustrations.] [1881.] New and enlarged edn., with author’s revisions and index, and an introduction by Streatfeild, R. A. 1913. [With illustrations.]

Selections from previous works. With remarks on G. J. Romanes’ Mental Evolution in Animals, and a Psalm of Montreal. 1884.

To the Electors of the Slade Professor of Fine Art. [A letter by Samuel Butler, with a list of his works and testimonials in support of his candidature for the Slade Professorship of Fine Art at Cambridge.] [1886.]

Holbein’s Dance. [Photographs of two drawings attributed to Holbein, with critical remarks.] [1886.]

Luck or Cunning, as the main means of Organic Modification? An attempt to throw additional light upon the late Charles Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection. 1887 [1886].

Ex Voto: an account of the Sacro Monte or New Jerusalem at Varallo-Sesia. With some notice of Tabachetti’s remaining at the Sanctuary of Crea. 1888.

A Lecture on the Humour of Homer. Jan. 30th, 1892. Rptd., with preface and additional matter, from The Eagle. Cambridge, 1892. [B.M. copy (11335. bbb. 43. 1.) has MS. corrections by the author.]

On the Trapanese Origin of the Odyssey. [An article rptd. from The Eagle, with a preface.] Cambridge, 1893.

A Translation, attempted in consequence of a challenge. [A translation into

Homeric verse of a passage from Martin Chuzzlewit. By Samuel Butler.] [1894.]

Sample Passages, from a new prose translation of the Odyssey. [1894.]

The Life and Letters of Dr. Samuel Butler, Headmaster of Shrewsbury School, 1798–1836 … in so far as they illustrate the scholastic, religious, and social life of England, 1790–1840. 2 vols. 1896. [B.M. copy (Bks. 3. g. 2) contains MS. notes and corrections, with the addition of two quarto volumes of discarded and duplicate letters, arranged by the author.] Heitland, W. E. Dr. Butler of Shrewsbury School, etc. [A review of Samuel Butler’s Life and Letters of Dr. Samuel Butler.] 1897.

The Authoress of the Odyssey, where and when she wrote, who she was, the use she made of the Iliad, and how the poem grew under her hands. 1897.

The Illiad of Homer, rendered into English prose. 1898.

Shakespeare’s Sonnets. Reconsidered, and in part rearranged, with introductory chapters. 1899.

The Odyssey, rendered into English prose. 1900.

Erewhon Revisited twenty years later, both by the original discoverer of the country and his son. 1901, 1908.

The Way of all Flesh. [Ed. Streatfeild, R. A.] 1903.

Essays on Life, Art and Science. Ed. Streatfeild, R. A. 1904.

Seven Sonnets and a Psalm of Montreal. [Ed. Streatfeild, R. A.] Cambridge, 1904.

Darwin on the Origin of Species. A philosophic dialogue … originally published in the year 1862, and now rptd. with the correspondence relating thereto. [Cuttings from The Press, Christchurch, N.Z. June 1–8 and 15, 1912.] Christchurch [N.Z.], 1912.

The Notebooks of Samuel Butler, author of Erewhon. Selections arranged and ed. by Jones, H. F. 1912. [Another copy in B. M. (012354. ee. 15) has MS. notes by Henry Festing Jones.]

H., J. F. Samuel Butler and his Note-books. 1913.

The Humour of Homer, and other essays.… Ed. by Streatfeild, R.A. With a biographical sketch by Jones, H.F. 1913.

Biography and Criticism

Blum, Jean. Samuel Butler. [1910.]

Cannan, Gilbert. Samuel Butler. A critical study. 1915.

Hartog, M. M. Samuel Butler and recent mnemic biological theories. 1914.

Jones, Henry Festing. Diary of a Journey through North Italy to Sicily … undertaken for the purpose of leaving the MSS. of three books by Samuel Butler at Varallo-Sesia, Aci-Reale and Trapani. 1904.

—— Life. (In preparation.)

Pestalozzi, G. Samuel Butler, der Jüngere, 1835–1902. Versuch einer Darstellung seiner Gedankenwelt. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde, etc. Zürich, 1914.

Salter, W. H. Essays on Two Moderns: Euripides, Samuel Butler. 1911.

Streatfeild, R. A. Samuel Butler: a critical study. 1902.

—— Samuel Butler. Records and memorials. 1903.

Sugameli, P. Origine Trapanese dell’ Odissea secondo Samuel Butler. Dimostrazione critica. [With reference to articles by Samuel Butler in Il Lambruschini.] Trapani, 1892.

Cassisa, G. S. La nuova quistione omerica. Un’ intervista con P. Sugameli [on S. Butler’s theory of the origin of the Odyssey]. Trapani, 1901. Quo Vadis. Anno 1, no. 9–10.


Workers in the Dawn. 1880. The Unclassed. 1884. Isabel Clarendon. 1886. Demos. 1886. Thyrza. 1887. A Life’s Morning. 3 vols. 1888. The Nether World. 3 vols. 1889. The Emancipated. 1890. New Grub Street. 3 vols. 1891. Born in Exile. 3 vols. 1892. Also 1893. Denzil Quarrier. 1892. The Odd Women. 3 vols. 1893. In the Year of Jubilee. 1894. The Unclassed.… A new edn. 1895. Eve’s Ransom. 1895. The Paying Guest. 1895. Sleeping Fires. 1895. The Whirlpool. 1897. Human Odds and Ends: stories and sketches. 1898. The Town Traveller. 1898. The Crown of Life. 1899. By the Ionian Sea. Notes of a ramble in Southern Italy. 1901. Our Friend the Charlatan. 1901. The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft. 1903. Veranilda [with a preface by Harrison, Frederic]. 1904. Will Warburton. 1905. The House of Cobwebs, and other Stories.… To which is prefixed, The Work of George Gissing: an introductory survey. By Seccombe. T. 1906.

Contributions to Dickens Literature

Charles Dickens: a critical study. 1898. Works of Charles Dickens. Rochester edn., with introductions by G. G. 1900, etc. Charles Dickens. A critical study … with topographical illustrations by Kitton, F. G. 1902. Works of C. D. (Imperial edn.) 1902, etc. Forster’s Life of Dickens. Abridged and revised by Gissing, G. 1903 [1902]. Dickens. Homes and Haunts of Famous Authors. 1906.

Björkman, E. Voices of To-morrow. Critical Studies of the New Spirit in Literature. 1914.

Swinnerton, F. George Gissing. 1912.

Wells, H. G. George Gissing. The Monthly Review. August, 1904.
G. A. B.

HENRY JAMES (1843–1916)

A Passionate Pilgrim. Boston [U.S.A.], 1875. Transatlantic Sketches. Boston [U.S.A.], 1875. Roderick Hudson. Boston [U.S.A.], 1876. The American. Boston [U.S.A.], 1877. Watch and Ward. Boston [U.S.A.], 1878. French Poets and Novelists. 1878. The Europeans. 1879. Daisy Miller. New York, 1879. An International Episode. New York, 1879 [1878]. Daisy Miller: A Study. An International Episode. Four Meetings. 2 vols. 1879. The Madonna of the Future. 2 vols. 1879. Hawthorne. (English Men of Letters.) 1879. The Diary of a Man of Fifty; and A Bundle of Letters. New York, 1880. Confidence. Boston [U.S.A.], 1880. Washington Square. New York, 1881. The Portrait of a Lady. 1881. The Siege of London, The Pension, Beaurepas, and The Point of View. Boston [U.S.A.], 1883. Portraits of Places. 1883. Tales of Three Cities. Boston [U.S.A.], 1884. Notes … on a Collection of Drawings by Mr. George du Maurier. 1884. A Little Tour in France. Boston [U.S.A.], 1884. The Bostonians. 3 vols. 1886. The Princess Cassamassima. 3 vols. 1886. The Reverberator. 2 vols. 1888. The Aspen Papers; Louisa Pallant; The Modern Warning. 2 vols. 1888. Partial Portraits. 1888. A London Life; The Patagonia; The Liar; Mrs. Temperley. 2 vols. 1889. The Tragic Muse. 2 vols. Boston and New York, 1890. The Lesson of the Master; The Marriages; The Pupil; Brooksmith; The Solution; Sir Edmund Orme. 1892. The Real Thing. 1893. The Private Life; Lord Beaupré The Visits. New York, 1893. The Wheel of Time; Collaboration; Owen Wingrave. New York, 1893. Picture and Text. New York, 1893. Essays in London and Elsewhere. New York, 1893. Theatricals. Two Comedies. Tenants. Disengaged. 1894. Theatricals. Second series. The Album. The Reprobate. 1895. The Quest of the Holy Grail, 1895. Terminations; The Death of the Lion; The Coxon Fund; The Middle Years; The Altar of the Dead. New York, 1895. Embarrassments. 1896. The Other House. 1896. The Spoils of Poynton. Boston and New York [1896]. What Maisie Knew. Chicago and New York, 1897. In the Cage. Chicago and New York, 1898. The Two Magics: The Turn of the Screw; Covering End. 1898. The Awkward Age. 1899. The Soft Side. 1900. The Sacred Fount. New York, 1901. The Wings of the Dove. 1902. The Better Sort. New York, 1903. The Ambassadors. 1903. William Wetmore Story and his Friends, from letters, diaries, and recollections. 2 vols. 1903. The Golden Bowl. 2 vols. New York, 1904. English Hours. Boston and New York, 1905. The Question of our Speech. The Lesson of Balzac. Two Lectures. Boston and New York, 1905. Italian Hours. 1909. Julia Bride. 1909. Is there a Life after Death? 1910. The Outery. 1911. The Small Boy and others. 1913. Notes of a Son and Brother. 1914. Notes on Novelists, with some other notes. 1914. England at War: an essay. The question of the mind. [1915.] Introduction to Rupert Brooke’s Letters from America. 1916. The Novels and Tales of Henry James. 1907, etc. Uniform edn. of the Tales. 1915, etc.

Brownell, W. C. American Prose Masters: Cooper, Hawthorne … Henry James. 1910.

Cary, Elisabeth L. The Novels of Henry James. A Study. With a Bibliography by King, F. A. 1905.

Hueffer, F. H. M. Henry James. A critical study. 1913.

Phillips Le Roy. A Bibliography of the Writings of Henry James. Boston and New York, 1906.

G. A. B.