The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
VOLUME XVI. Early National Literature, Part II; Later National Literature, Part I.

XIX. Early Humorists



Burton, W. E. Cyclopædia of Wit and Humor. 2 vols. 1858.

Ford, J. L. A Century of American Humor. Munsey’s Mag. July, 1901.

Griswold, R. W. The Prose Writers of America. Philadelphia, 1847.

Haweis, H. R. American Humorists. London, 1882.

Leacock, Stephen. American Humour. Nineteenth Century. Aug., 1914.

Pattee, F. L. A History of American Literature since 1870. 1915.

Trent, W. P. A Retrospect of American Humor. Century Mag. Nov., 1901.

WILLIAM AUSTIN (1778–1841)

An Oration, Pronounced at Charlestown … Anniversary of the Battle of Bunker’s Hill. Charlestown, 1801.

Letters from London. Boston, 1804.

Essay upon the Human Character of Jesus Christ. Boston, 1807.

Literary Papers … with a Biographical Sketch by his Son G. W. Austin. Boston, 1890.

See, also, page 369 n., above.

GEORGE W. BAGBY (1828–1883)

John M. Daniels’s Latch-Key. Lynchburg [Va.], 1868.

What I Did with my Fifty Millions. By Moses Adams. Philadelphia, 1874.

Meekins’s Twinses. Richmun [sic], 1877.

Canal Reminiscences: Recollections of Travel in the Old Days. Richmond, 1879.

Selections from the Miscellaneous Writings of Dr. George W. Bagby. Richmond, 3 vols. 1884–6.

The Old Virginia Gentleman, and Other Sketches. 1910.


The Flush Times of Alabama and Mississippi. A Series of Sketches. 1853.

Party Leaders. 1855.

Mellen, G. F. Joseph G. Baldwin. Sewanee Review. Apr., 1901.

Wetmore, T. B. Joseph G. Baldwin. Alabama Hist. Soc. Trans., vol. 2, pp. 67–73.

JOEL BARLOW (1754–1812)
[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. IX.]


Artemus Ward, His Book. 1862.

Artemus Ward, His Travels. [1. Miscellaneous. 2. Among the Mormons.] 1865.

Betsey Jane Ward. Hur Book of Goaks. 1866.

Artemus Ward in London, and Other Papers. New York and London, 1867.

Artemus Ward’s Panorama. New York and London, 1869.

Artemus Ward’s Lecture [in Egyptian Hall.] London, 1869.

Sandwiches. 1870.

Artemus Ward: His Works Complete. With a Biographical Sketch by Melville D. Landon. 1875.

Artemus’s Wax Figger Show. Boston, 1881.

Artemus Ward Complete. London, 1890, 1910.

Hingston, E. P. The Genial Showman; being Reminiscences of the Life of Artemus Ward. London, 1870.

Haweis, H. R. American Humorists. London, 1882.

WILLIAM BYRD (1674–1744)

The Writings of “Colonel William Byrd of Westover in Virginia Esq.” Ed. Bassett, John S. 1901.

Letters of William Byrd. Va. Mag. of Hist. and Biog. Richmond, 1916.

See, also, Bibliography for Book I, Chap. I.


The Knickerbocker Sketch-Book. 1850.

Knick-Knacks from an Editor’s Table. 1852.

Thorpe, T. B. Lewis Gaylord Clark. Harper’s Mag., vol. 48, p. 587.


The Spirit of Life. A Poem. Philadelphia, 1833.

The Past and Present. A Poem. [Philadelphia], 1834.

Poems. 1839, 1847.

An Address on the Characters of Lafayette and Washington. Philadelphia, 1840.

Literary Remains [including the Ollapodiana Papers] of the late W. G. Clark. Ed. Clark, L. G. 1844.

Willis Gaylord Clark on American Literature in 1830. [A letter to William Jerdon.] Bulletin New York Public Library, vol. 10, pp. 181–3. 1906.

WILLIAM COX (?–1851)

Crayon Sketches. By an Amateur. 2 vols. 1833.


Prismatics. By Richard Haywarde. 1853.

The Sparrowgrass Papers, or, Living in the Country. 1856.

To Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth. 1857.

Acadia, or A Month with the Blue Noses. 1859.

The Sayings of Dr. Bushwhacker, and Other Learned Men. 1867.

Eulogy on Colonel Porter. 1865.

Poems. 1867.

Fitz-Greene Halleck; a Memorial. 1868.

Private Theatricals, and Wives and Weathercocks. 1880.

Sayings, Wise and Otherwise. 1880.

DAVID CROCKETT (1786–1836)

Narrative of the Life of David Crockett. Philadelphia, 1834.

A Tour to the North and Down East. 1834.

Life of Van Buren. Philadelphia, 1835.

Colonel Crockett’s Exploits in Texas. Philadelphia, 1836.

Abbott, J. S. C. David Crockett. 1874.

Ellis, Edward S. Life of Colonel David Crockett. Philadelphia, 1884.


Letters of Jack Downing … to his old friend Mr. Dwight. 1834. Another ed., 1864.

Jack Downing’s Song-Book. Providence, 1836.

Jack Downing’s Letters. Philadelphia, 1845.

May-Day in New York. 1845.

Labor, or Productive Industry. 1849.


Phœnixiana, or Sketches and Burlesques. By John Phœnix. 1855. Chicago, 2 vols., 1897. New York, 1903.

The Squibob Papers. By John Phœnix. 1859.

PHILIP FRENEAU (1752–1832)
[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. IX.]


The Travels, Voyages, and Adventures of Gilbert Go-Ahead. 1856.

For a list of the numerous other writings of this author, see Duyckinck’s Cyclopaedia of American Literature.

JOSEPH GREEN (1706–80)
[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. IX.]

ASA GREENE (1788–1837)

The Life and Adventures of Dr. Didimus Duckworth, A. N. Q. To which is added the History of a Steam Doctor. 2 vols. 1833.

A Yankee among the Nullifiers; an Autobiography. 1833.

Travels in America. By George Fibbleton, Esq., Ex-barber to His Majesty, the King of Great Britain. 1833.

The Perils of Pearl Street. 1834.

A Glance at New York. 1837.

The Debtor’s Prison. 1837.


Lyrics by the Letter H. 1854.

Life and Adventures, Songs, Services, and Speeches of Private Miles O’Reilly. 1864.

Baked Meats of the Funeral: A Collection of Essays, Poems, Speeches, Histories, and Banquets by Private Miles O’Reilly. 1866.

The Poetical Works of Charles G. Halpine. 1869.

SAMUEL A. HAMMETT (1816–1865)

A Stray Yankee in Texas.… By Philip Paxton. 1853.

The Wonderful Adventures of Captain Priest. 1855.

Piney Woods Tavern; or, Sam Slick in Texas. Philadelphia, 1858.


Sut Lovengood’s Yarns. 1867.


Some Adventures of Captain Simon Suggs. Philadelphia, 1845.

Widow Rugby’s Husband … and Other Tales of Alabama. Philadelphia, 1851.

Dog and Gun; a Few Loose Chapters on Shooting. 1856.

[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. IX, and Book II, Chap. II.]

[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. I.]


The Annals of Quodlibet, a Political Satire by Solomon Secondthought, School-master.… 1840.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. VII.

[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. I.]

DAVID ROSS LOCKE (1833–1888)

The Nasby Papers. Indianapolis, 1864. London, 1865, 1866.

Divers Opinions, and Prophecies of Yours Trooly, Petroleum V. Nasby. 1865.

Andy’s Trip to the West. 1866.

Swingin’ Round the Cirkle. By Petroleum V. Nasby … His Ideas of Men, Politics, and Things … during the year 1866. Boston, 1867.

Ekkoes from Kentucky. Boston, 1867.

The Impendin Crisis uv the Democracy. Toledo, 1868.

The Moral History of America’s Life-Struggle. Boston, 1872.

The Struggles Social, Financial, and Political of Petroleum V. Nasby. With an Introduction by Charles Sumner. Boston, 1872, 1888.

Inflation at the Cross Roads. 1875.

The Morals of Abou Ben Adhem. Boston, 1875. [Half title at head of title page: Eastern Fruit on Western Dishes.]

Deep-seated Mirth Holds a Place in Every Line. Nasby on Inflation.… Mark Twain’s Only Rival. Philadelphia, 1875.

A Paper City. Boston and New York, 1878.

The Democratic John Bunyan. Toledo, 1880.

The Diary of an Office Seeker. Toledo, 1881.

Hannah Jane. Boston and New York, 1882.

Nasby in Exile; or, Six Months of Travel. Toledo and Boston, 1882.

Prohibition. 1886.

The Demagogue. A Political Novel. Boston and New York, 1891.


Patriotic Effusions. By Bob Short. 1819. [Attributed to Longstreet.]

Georgia Scenes, Characters, Incidents, etc., in the first Half Century of the Republic. By a Native Georgian. Augusta [Ga.] 1835. New York, 1840, etc.

Know Nothingism Unveiled. [Washington, 1855.]

Master William Mitten. Macon [Ga.], 1864, 1889.

Stories with a Moral, Humorous and Descriptive of Southern Life a Century ago. Philadelphia, 1912.


Talbot and Vernon. A Novel. 1850.

Grahame, or Youth and Manhood. A Romance. 1850.

The Glenns. A Family History. 1851.

Western Characters; or, Types of Border Life in the Western States. Boston and New York, 1853.


The Motley Book. A Series of Tales and Sketches. 1838.

Behemoth. A Legend of the Mound-Builders. 1839.

The True Aims of Life. 1839.

The Politicians. A Comedy. 1840.

Wakondah; the Master of Life. A Poem. 1841.

The Career of Puffer Hopkins. 1841.

Man in the Republic. Poems. London, 1842. New York, 1846.

An Appeal to American Authors and the American Press in behalf of International Copyright. 1842.

A Speech on International Copyright. 1842.

The Various Writings of Cornelius Mathews. [1843].

The Better Interests of the Country. New York and London, 1843.

Poems on Man, in his Various Aspects under the American Republic. 1843.

Americanism. An Address. 1845.

Big Abel and the Little Manhattan. 1845.

Witchcraft. A Tragedy. 1846.

Jacob Leisler. A Play. 1848.

Moneypenny, or The Heart of the World. A Romance of the Present Times. 1850.

Chanticleer. A Thanksgiving Story of the Peabody Family. 1850.

Calmstorm, the Reformer. A Dramatic Comment. 1853.

A Pen-and-Ink Panorama of New York City. 1853.

The Indian Fairy Book. From the Original Legends. 1856. As The Enchanted Moccasins, and Other Legends of the American Indians; compiled from the Original Sources. 1877.

False Pretences. A Comedy. 1868.


The Little Frenchman and his Water Lots.… Philadelphia, 1839.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. V.

JOSEPH CLAY NEAL (1807–1847)

Charcoal Sketches, or Scenes in a Metropolis. Philadelphia, 1837. Second Series. Philadelphia, 1849.

Peter Ploddy and Other Oddities. Philadelphia, 1844.

The Misfortunes of Peter Faber, and Other Sketches. Philadelphia, 1856.


Orpheus C. Kerr Papers. 4 vols. 1862–8, 1871.

The Martyr President. 1865.

The Palace Beautiful, and Other Poems. 1865.

Avery Glibun, or Between Two Fires. A Romance. 1867.

Smoked Glass. 1868.

The Cloven Foot; being an Adaptation of … “The Mystery of Edwin Drood” to American Scenes. 1870.

Versatilities. Boston, 1871.

The Walking Doll. 1872.

Studies in Stanzas. 1882.

There was Once a Man. 1884.


Novellettes of a Traveller; or, Odds and Ends from the Knapsack of Thomas Singularity, Journeyman Printer. 2 vols. 1834.


Biography of Henry Clay. Hartford [Conn.], 1831. New York, 1831.

Prenticeana, or Wit and Humor in Paragraphs. 1859.

Poems. Cincinnati, 1875.

JOHN SANDERSON (1783–1844)

Biographies of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. 9 vols. Philadelphia, 1822–1827. [With his brother, James H. Sanderson.]

Sketches of Paris, in Familiar Letters to his Friends, by an American Gentleman.… 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1838. The American in Paris, London, 1838. French, by Lanin, Jules, 1843. As The American in Paris in the Winter; The American in Paris in the Summer, London, 1843. [Retranslation of French version.]

[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. XXIII.]

JOHN SECCOMB (1708–1793)

Tyler, M. C. American Literature. 1607–1765. Vol. II, p. 46.


Josh Billings. His Sayings. 1865.

Josh Billings on Ice, and Other Things. 1868.

Josh Billings’ Farmers’ Allminax for the Year 1870 [et seq.]. 1870 [et seq.]. Old Probabilities Contained in One Volume. Farmers’ Allminax, 1870–1880. 1879. Josh Billings’ Old Farmers’ Allminax, 1870–1879. 1902.

Twelve Ancestral Signs in the Billings’ Zodiac Gallery. [Hartford], 1873.

Josh Billings, his Works Complete. 1876.

Everybody’s Friend. 1876.

Josh Billings’ Trump Kards. Blue Glass Philosophy. 1877.

Complete Comical Writings of Josh Billings, with Biographical Introduction. 1877.

Josh Billings Struggling with Things. 1881.

Josh Billings’ Spice Box. 1881.

Smith, Francis S. Life and Adventures of Josh Billings. 1883.

Thompson, A. P. Josh Billings. New England Magazine, n.s., vol. 19, p. 696.


The Trollopiad, or Travelling Gentlemen in America. A Satire, by Nil Admirari. 1837.

Salander and the Dragon. 1850.

The Rector of St. Bardolph’s, or Superannuated. 1853.

Up the River. 1853.

Crystalline, or the Heiress of Fall Down Castle. 1854.

Peeps from a Belfry, or the Parish Sketch Book. 1855.


Rhymes with Reason and Without. Boston, 1853.

Life and Sayings of Mrs. Partington. Boston and New York, 1854.

Knitting-Work. Boston, 1857.

Partingtonian Patchwork. Boston and New York, 1873.

Lines in Pleasant Places. Chelsea [Mass.], 1874.

Ike Partington and his Friends. Boston, 1879, 1906.

Cruises with Captain Bob. Boston, 1881.

A Wide Swath. Poems. Cambridge, 1882.

The Double-runner Club. Boston and New York, 1882.

A Midnight Race. Boston, 1888.

Mrs. Partington’s Grip-sack, filled with Fresh Things. 1890.


A Side Show of the Southern Side of the War.… by Bill Arp, so called. 1866.

Bill Arp’s Letters. 1868.

Bill Arp’s Peace Papers. 1873.

Bill Arp’s Scrap Book. Humor and Philosophy. Atlanta, 1884.

The Farm and the Fireside. Atlanta, 1892.

A School History of Georgia. Boston, 1896.

Stephen Decatur and the Suppression of Piracy on the Mediterranean. New Haven, 1901.

SEBA SMITH (1792–1868)

Life and Writings of Major Jack Downing. Portland, 1833. Boston, 1833, 1834. Select Letters. Philadelphia, 1834.

Letters, Written during the President’s Tour. Cincinnati, 1833.

John Smith’s Letters. 1839.

Powhatan, a Metrical Romance. 1841.

The Religion and the Superstitions of the North American Indians. 1846.

Dew-Drops of the Nineteenth Century [Anthology]. 1846.

New Elements of Geometry. 1850.

Way Down East, or Portraitures of Yankee Life. 1854, 1859.

My Thirty Years Out of the Senate. 1859.

Speeches of John Smith, Esquire, not Delivered at Smithville. 1864.


Doesticks, What he Says. 1855.

Plu-Ri-Bus-Tah, a Song that’s by no Author. 1856. [Parody of Hiawatha.]

Nothing to Say. A Slight Slap at Mobocratic Snobbery. 1857.

The Witches of New York. 1859.

History and Records of the Elephant Club. 1869.


Major Jones’s Courtship. Philadelphia, 1840.

Major Jones’s Chronicles of Pineville, embracing Sketches of Georgia. Philadelphia, 1843. As Georgia Scenes, 1880 [unauthorized ed.].

Major Jones’s Sketches of Travel. Philadelphia, 1848.

The Slaveholder Abroad. Philadelphia, 1860.

Rancy Cottem’s Courtship. Philadelphia [1879.]

John’s Alive, or the Bride of a Ghost, and Other Sketches. [Collected by Thompson’s daughter, Mrs. May A. Wade.] Philadelphia, 1883.


The Big Bear of Arkansas. 1835.

Mysteries of the Backwoods. Philadelphia, 1846.

Our Army on the Rio Grande. Philadelphia, 1846.

Our Army at Monterey. Philadelphia, 1847.

The Taylor Anecdote Book. Anecdotes and Letters of Zachary Taylor. 1848.

Lynde Weiss, an Autobiography. Philadelphia, 1852.

The Master’s House. A Tale of Southern Life. 1854.

The Hive of the Bee-Hunter. 1854.

A Voice to America [with Frederick Saunders]. 1855.

Scenes in Arkansas. 1858.

Reminiscences of Charles L. Elliott, Artist. [1868.]

JOHN TRUMBULL (1750–1831)
[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. IX.]

ROYAL TYLER (1757–1826)
[See Bibliographies for Book I, Chap. IX; Book II, Chaps. II, III, VI.]

NATHANIEL WARD [1578(?)–1652]
[See Bibliography for Book I, Chap. III.]


The Widow Bedott Papers, with an Introduction by Alice B. Neal. 2 vols. 1855, 1856, 1880.

Widow Spriggins, Mary Elmer, and Other Sketches. [Ed. with Memoir, by Mrs. M. L. Ward Whitcher.] 1867.


Los Gringos, or an Interior View of Mexico and California, with Wanderings in Peru, Chili, and Polynesia. 1849. German, Grimma, 1851.

Tales for the Marines. Boston, 1855.

Scampavias, from Gibel Tarek to Stamboul. By Harry Gringo. 1857.

Story of the Gray African Parrot. 1859.

Captain Brand of the Schooner Centipede, a Pirate of Eminence in the West Indies. London, 1860. New York, 1864.