The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
VOLUME XVI. Early National Literature, Part II; Later National Literature, Part I.

XVII. Writers on American History, 1783–1850


Many of the writers mentioned here are treated in Bassett, John S., The Middle Group of American Historians, 1917.


Drayton, John. Letters written during a Tour through the Northern and Eastern States of America. Charleston, 1794.

—— A View of South Carolina as respects her Natural and Civil Concerns. Charleston, 1802. German, in Bibliothek der neuen Reisenbeschreibungen, Weimar, 1808.

—— Memoirs of the American Revolution from its Commencement to 1776 relating to South Carolina. 2 vols. Charleston, 1821. [Based on memoirs and papers of the writer’s father, Chief Justice William H. Drayton.]

Drayton, William H. A Charge on the Rise of the American Empire. Charlestown [sic], 1776. [Delivered to the grand jury in Charleston.]

Drayton, William H. Speech on the Articles of Confederation of the United States. Charleston, 1778.

Gordon, William, D. D. Plan of a Society for Making Provision for Widows, by Annuities … with the Proper Tables for Calculating what must be Paid. Boston, 1772.

—— A Sermon before the [Massachusetts] House of Representatives on the Day for the Choice of Counsellors. Watertown, 1775; London, 1775.

—— A Discourse, December 15, 1774 [on] Religious and Civil Liberty; a Thanks-giving Discourse. Boston, 1775; London, 1775.

—— Separation of the Jewish Tribes after the Death of Solomon. Boston, 1777.

—— The History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment of the Independence of the United States of America: including an Account of the late War; and of the thirteen Colonies from their Origin to that Period. 4 vols. London, 1788; American ed., 3 vols., 1789; 2d Am. ed. 3 vols., 1794; 3d Am. ed. 3 vols., 1801.

—— The Doctrine of Final Universal Salvation Examined. Boston, 1783.

Libby, Orin Grant. A Critical Examination of William Gordon’s History of the American Revolution. Report American Hist. Assoc., 1899, vol. I., 367–388.

—— Dr. Ramsay as a Plagiarist. Am. Hist. Rev., vol. 7, 697–703, July, 1902.

Fisher, Sydney G. The Legendary and Myth-making Process in the Histories of the American Revolution. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 51, 53–75.

Marshall, John. Life of George Washington. 5 vols. and atlas. Philadelphia, 1804–07; London, 1804–07; Philadelphia, 1805–07; rev. ed. 2 vols. and atlas, Philadelphia, 1832, 1836, 1840. French, 5 vols., Paris, 1805; German, 4 vols., Hamburg, 1805–06; Dutch, 10 vols., Haarlem, 1805–09. [The portion relating to colonial history omitted in the editions of 1832, 1836, and 1840.]

—— A Compendious View of the Colonies planted by the English in North America. [Vol. I of the Life of Washington.] Philadelphia, 1804. As History of the Colonies, Philadelphia, 1824.

—— The Life of George Washington. Written for the Use of Schools. Philadelphia, 1838.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. XV.

Moultrie, William, Major-General. Memoirs of the American Revolution, so far as it related to the States of North Carolina and South Carolina. 2 vols. 1802.

De Saussure, Wilmot Gibbes. Remarks on offering the Regular Toast, Feb. 22, 1885, to the South Carolina Cincinnati. n. p. [1885]. [Contains information about General Moultrie.]

Ramsay, David, M.D. Military Memoirs of Great Britain; or a History of the War, 1755–1763. Edinburgh, 1779.

—— History of the Revolution of South Carolina from a British Colony to an Independent State. 2 vols. Trenton, 1785. French trans. by Lefort, London, 2 vols., 1787; by Lord Sheffield, 5 vols. Paris, 1786.

—— An Address to the Freemen of South Carolina on the Federal Constitution proposed by the Convention. Charleston [1787]. In Ford, P. L., Pamphlets on the Constitution. Brooklyn, 1888, pp. 371–380.

—— The History of the American Revolution. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1789; London, 1791; new ed., London, 1793; Dublin, 1793, 1795; Trenton, N. J., 1811; Lexington, Ky., 1815; Dutch, 4 vols., Campen, 1792–94; German, 4 vols. 1794–95.

Ramsay, David, M.D. Sketch of the Soil, Climate, Weather, and Diseases of South Carolina. Charleston, 1796.

—— Review of Improvements, Progress, and State of Medicine in the 18th Century. Charleston, 1801.

—— An Oration on the Cession of Louisiana, May 12, 1804. Charleston, 1804.

—— Life of George Washington. 1807; London, 1807; Boston, 1811; Baltimore, 1814, 1815, 1818, 1825, 1832; Ithaca, 1840. French, by Lefort, Paris. 1809; Spanish, by Rapollo, 2 vols., 1825; Philadelphia, 1826; Barcelona, 1842;

—— History of South Carolina from 1670 to 1808. 2 vols. Charleston, 1809; in I vol., Newberry, S. C., 1858.

—— Chronological Tables of the Principal Events of the English Colonies, 1607 to 1808. Charleston, 1811.

—— Memoirs of the Life of Martha Laurens Ramsay. Charleston, 1812; Boston, 1812; London, 1815; Glasgow, 1818.

—— An Eulogium upon Benjamin Rush, M.D. Philadelphia, 1813.

—— History of the United States from 1607 to 1808. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1816, rev. ed. with continuation to 1814 by Smith, S. S., and others. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1818.

—— History of the Independent Congregational Church in Charleston, S. C. Philadelphia, 1815.

—— Universal History Americanized. 12 vols. Philadelphia, 1819 [posthumously published.]

See under Gordon, William, above.

Tudor, William. Letter on the Propriety of an Appropriate National Name. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, vol. 7, 1800.

—— Considerations on the Expediency of a Bridge from one Part of Boston to another. Boston, 1806. [Anon.]

—— An Oration July 4, 1809, at the Request of the Selectmen of Boston. Boston, 1809.

—— Discourse before the Humane Society at their Anniversary, May, 1817. Boston, 1817.

—— Letters on the Eastern States. 1820; Boston, 1821. [Anon.]

—— Miscellanies. Boston, 1821.

—— Life of James Otis, of Massachusetts. Boston, 1823.

—— Gebel Teir. Boston, 1829. [Anon.] [A political allegory.]

—— Correspondence while chargé d’affaires to Brazil. Washington, 1837. (28th cong., 1st ses., House Docs., no. 32).

—— [ed.] Deacon John Tudor’s Diary, 1732 to 1793. Boston, 1896.

—— Character of Samuel Adams. Boston Book Col., 1841.

Quincy, J. A. History of the Boston Athenæum. Boston, 1851. [Contains a notice of Tudor.]

Loring, J. A Hundred Boston Orators. N. p., 1852.

Memorial of William Tudor. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, vol. 18, 1819.

Warren, Mrs. Mercy Otis. History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution … with Biographical, Political, and Moral Observations. 3 vols. Boston, 1805.

—— Correspondence with John Adams [relating to her History], July-August, 1807. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, 5th ser., vol. 4. Boston, 1878.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. II.

Brown, Alice. Mercy Warren. 1896. (Women of Colonial and Revolutionary Times.)

Weems, Mason Locke. Onania. 1792.

—— The Philanthropist. Dumfries [Va.] [1799]. 9th ed. Philadelphia, 1809.

—— The True Patriot. An Oration on the … Beauties of a Republic. Philadelphia [1802].

—— Hymen’s Recruiting Sergeant, or the New Matrimonial Tat-too for old Bachelors. Philadelphia, 1802; Middletown, 1815; Hartford, 1845; 1851. Other editions. [One of Weem’s most popular tracts.]

—— Life of Washington. Georgetown, 1800. [The number of later editions has been estimated at from 40 to 70.] 5th ed., Augusta, enlarged, 1806 [introduced the hachet story]. German, Baltimore, 1817.

—— and Horry, P. Life of General Francis Marion. 2d ed. Baltimore, 1814. 3d ed., improved, Baltimore, 1815. Philadelphia, 1816; 1825, 1841, 1855, and many others. [Based upon the papers of General Peter Horry, who resented the use Weems made of the papers.]

—— Life of Benjamin Franklin. Philadelphia, 1817; 5th ed., Baltimore, 1821; Philadelphia, 1822 (6th ed.), 1829, 1835.

—— Life of William Penn. Philadelphia, 1829, 1845.

—— God’s Revenge against Gambling. 2d ed. Philadelphia, 1812.

—— God’s Revenge against Adultery. N. p., n. d.

—— God’s Revenge against Murder. 2d ed. Augusta [Ga]. 1807; 11th ed. enlarged, 1823.

—— God’s Revenge against Duelling. 2d ed. Philadelphia, 1821.

—— The Drunkard’s Looking-Glass. 2d ed., n. p., 1813. Baltimore, 1816.

—— The Bad Wife’s Looking-Glass. N. p., n. d.

—— [Ed.] Cornaro, Luigi, Means of Obtaining a Long and Healthy Life. With notes by Mason L. Weems. [With] The Way of Wealth, by Doctor Franklin. Philadelphia, 1809.

—— [Compiler]. The Immortal Mentor, or Man’s unerring Guide to a Healthy, Wealthy, and Happy Life, by Lewis Cornaro, Dr. Franklin, Dr. Scott. Philadelphia, 1796, 1803.

Wroth, Lawrence C. Parson Weems, a Biographical and Critical Study. Baltimore, 1911.

Norris, W. B. The Historian of the Cherry Tree. National Magazine, Feb., 1910.

Gray, Arthur P. Weems. In Hayden’s Virginia Genealogies.

Wirt, William. Two Principal Arguments on the Trial of Aaron Burr. Richmond, 1808.

—— Sketches of the Life and Character of Patrick Henry. Philadelphia, 1817.

—— Discourse on the Lives and Characters of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. Washington, 1826.

—— Address in Celebration in Baltimore of the Triumph of Liberty in France. Baltimore, 1830.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. III.

Kennedy, J. P., Discourse on the Life and Character of William Wirt. Baltimore, 1834.

—— Memoirs of the Life of William Wirt. 2 vols. Phila., 1849; rev. ed. Phila., 1850, 1852, 1853, 1856, 1860.

Hall, J. H. Life of William Wirt. In Lewis, Great American Lawyers, vol. 2.

Southard, S. L. Discourse on the Professional Character and Virtues of the late William Wirt. Washington, 1834.


Belknap, Jeremy. Sermon on Military Duty, November 10, 1772. Salem [Mass.], 1773.

—— History of New Hampshire. 3 vols. Vol. I, Philadelphia, 1784; vol. II, Boston, 1791; vol. III, Boston, 1792; new ed., 3 vols., Dover [N. H.], 1812; rev. ed., Boston, 1813; new ed. by Farmer, John [ed.], vol. I only, Dover, [N. H.], 1831.

—— An Election Sermon before the General Court of New Hampshire, June 2, 1785. Portsmouth, 1785.

—— The Foresters … or a Sequel to the History of John Bull the Clothier. Boston, 1792; 2d ed., enlarged, Boston, 1796.

—— Discourse to Commemorate the Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Boston, 1792.

—— American Biography. 2 vols. Boston, 1794–98; ed. Hubbard, F. M., 1843; 3 vols., 1857.

—— Sermon before the Convention of the Clergy of Massachusetts, May 26, 1796. Boston, 1796.

—— Sermon on the Day of the National Fast, May 9, 1798. Boston, 1798.

—— The Belknap Papers. Mass. Hist. Soc. Col., 5th series, vols. 2 and 3; 6th series, vol. 4 [correspondence of Belknap and Ebenezer Hazard.]

—— Journal of a Tour to the White Mountains in July, 1784. Mass. Hist. Soc. Col. Ser. v, vol. 2, pp. 386–401. Boston, 1876.

—— Journal of a Tour from Boston to Oneida, June, 1796. Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, Ser. I, v. 19, 1882. Also separate. Cambridge, 1882.

[Belknap, Miss J.] Life of Jeremy Belknap with Selections from his Writings … arranged by his Granddaughter. 1847.

Kirkland, J. T. Sermon at the Interment of Rev. Jeremy Belknap … [with] a Sketch of his Character and List of his Works. Boston, 1798.

Spalding, George Burley. The Dover Pulpit during the Revolutionary War [a sermon] preached July 9, 1876. Dover, 1876.

Burk, John Daly. History of the Late War in Ireland. Philadelphia, 1794.

—— The History of Virginia. 3 vols. Petersburg, Va., 1804–05. 4th vol. by Jones, S., and Girardin, L. H., Petersburg, Va., 1816.

See, also, Bibliography for Book II, Chap. II.

Campbell, Charles. Materials for a Brief Memoir of John Daly Burk. Albany, 1868.

Hewatt, Alexander. Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the Colony of South Carolina. 2 vols. London, 1779. Reprinted in Carroll, B. R., Historical Collections of South Carolina. 2 vols., 1836.

Minot, George Richards. History of the Insurrection in Massachusetts in the Year 1786. Worcester, 1788; Boston, 1810, 1840.

—— [?] Thoughts upon the Political Situation of the United States. Worcester, 1788. [Also attributed to Jonathan Jackson. See Sabin, Dictionary, vol. 9, 183.]

—— Continuation of the History of Massachusetts Bay from 1748 to 1765. 2 vols. Boston, 1798. [A continuation of Hutchinson, History of Massachusetts Bay.]

—— Eulogy on George Washington. Boston, 1800.

Sketch of the Life of George Richards Minot. The Polyanthus, March, 1806. Pamphlet, Boston, 1873.

Proud, Robert. History of Pennsylvania from 1681 to 1742. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1797–98.

Thomson, Charles W. Notices of the Life and Character of Robert Proud. Penn. Hist. Soc. Memoirs, vol. 1. Philadelphia, 1826 and 1864.

Trumbull, Benjamin. Discourse, Anniversary Meeting of the Freemen of New Haven, April 12. New Haven, 1773.

—— Plea in Vindication to the Connecticut Title to Contested Lands West of New York. New Haven, 1774.

—— God Be Praised! A Sermon … [of] Thanksgiving for Peace. New Haven, 1784.

—— Appeal to the Public with Respect to the Unlawfulness of Divorce. New Haven, 1788.

—— History of Connecticut. 2 vols. Vol. 1, New Haven, 1797; vol. 2, New Haven, 1818; New London, 1818.

—— The Majesty and Mortality of Created Gods… a Discourse on the Death of Washington. New Haven, 1800.

—— Century Sermon, North Haven, January 1, 1801. New Haven, 1801.

—— General History of the United States. Vol. 1. Boston, 1810. [Only one of three announced vols. was published.]

—— Appeal to the Public relative to the Unlawfulness of Marrying a Wife’s Sister. N. p., 1810.

Williamson, Hugh. History of North Carolina. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1812.

Letters of Sylvius, American Museum, 1787; also in pamphlet form, 1787; New ed. in Papers of Trinity College, N. C., Hist. Soc. Ser. 10, pp. 5–46, 1915.

Hosack, David. A Biographical Memoir of Hugh Williamson. 1820, 1821. Also in N. Y. Hist. Soc. Col. 1st Ser., vol. v, p. 3.


Bancroft, George. Poems. Cambridge, Mass., 1823.

—— An Oration delivered on the Fourth of July, 1826, at Northampton, Mass. Northampton, 1826.

—— Review of the Report of the Committee of Ways and Means … relative to the United States Bank. American Quarterly Review, March, 1831. Also separate, Philadelphia, 1831.

—— The Bank of the United States. North American Review, April, 1831. [Anon.]

—— History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent to the Present Time. Vol. 1, Boston, 1834; 8th ed., Boston, 1841; 25th ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 2, Boston, 1837; 10th ed., Boston, 1842; 25th ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 3, Boston, 1840; 2d ed., 1840; 23d ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 4, Boston, 1852; 23d ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 5, Boston, 1852; 20th ed., Boston, 1875. Vol. 6, Boston, 1854; 18th ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 7, Boston, 1858; 12th ed., Boston, 1875. Vol. 8, Boston, 1860; 9th ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 9, Boston, 1866; 4th ed., Boston, 1874. Vol. 10, Boston, 1874. All the volumes after the 1st ed. of vol. 1 have for title: A History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent. Various sub-titles: New and Thoroughly Revised ed., 6 vols. Boston, 1876, 1879; New York, 6 vols., 1882; The Author’s Last Revision, 6 vols., 1883–85, 1885, 1886, 1888, 1890–91. Vol. 1, Edinburgh, 1848; 2 vol. ed., London, 1851; 7 vol. ed., London, 1861–62; Danish, 3 vols., Copenhagen, 1853–54; French, by Mlle. de Gamond, 12 vols. Paris, 1861–76, and Brussels, 9 vols., 1862–64; German, by Kretzschmar and Bartels, 10 vols., Leipsic, 1845–75; Italian, by Carenzi, 2 vols., Lausanne, 1847; and by De-Tivoli, 6 vols., Milan, 1856–59.

—— Oration delivered before the Democracy of Springfield, … July 4, 1836. Springfield [Mass.], 1836.

—— Address at Hartford before the Democratic Convention of the Young Men of Connecticut.… Feb. 18, 1840. Boston, 1840.

—— History of the Colonization of the United States … Abridged by the Author. 2 vols., Boston, 1841; London, n. d. (1 vol. ed.); New York, 1885.

—— Southern State Rights, Free Trade and Anti-Abolition. Tract no. 1. Charleston, 1844.

—— Oration … at the Commemoration, in Washington, of the Death of Andrew Jackson, June 25, 1845. [Washington, 1845]. Also in Monument to the Memory of General Andrew Jackson. [Dusenbery, compiler].… Philadelphia, 1846.

—— History of the American Revolution. 3 vols. London, 1852–54. (Vols. 4–6 of the History rptd.) German, by Drugulin, 3 vols., Leipsic, 1852–54.

—— Progress of the Human Race: Oration before the New York Historical Society, Nov. 20, 1854. 1854.

—— Literary and Historical Miscellanies. 1855.

—— Tribute to the Memory of Humboldt.… 1859. Also in Pulpit and Rostrum, no. 6, 1859.

—— Inauguration of the Perry Statue at Cleveland … 1860; including a History of the Battle of Lake Erie. Cleveland, 1861. [The latter part has sub-title Oliver Hazard Perry, and the Battle of Lake Erie.] See, also, Dyer, O., History of the Battle of Lake Erie, etc., 1891.

—— Oration … on the twenty-second of February, 1862. 1862. Also in Pulpit and Rostrum, no. 29, 1862.

—— Oration pronounced in Union Square, April 25, 1865, at the funeral Obsequies of Abraham Lincoln in … New York. Pulpit and Rostrum, nos. 34 and 35, 1865.

—— Memorial Address on … Lincoln, delivered … in the House of Representatives at Washington, on the 12th of February, 1866. Washington, 1866; French, by Jottrand, Brussels, 1866.

—— Joseph Reed: a historical Essay. 1867.

—— Memorial on the Canal de Haro … presented in the name of the American Government to His Majesty Wilhelm I. [Berlin, 1872?]. German [Berlin, 1872?].

—— Histoire de l’action commune de la France et de l’Amérique pour l’indépendance des États-Unis. Traduite et annotée par le comte Adolphe de Circourt. 3 vols. Paris, 1876. [Corresponds with vols. 10–12 of Mlle. de Gamond’s translation.]

—— History of the Formation of the Constitution of the United States of America. 2 vols., 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885. 1 vol. ed., 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885.

—— A Plea for the Constitution … wounded in the House of its Guardians. 1886.

—— Martin Van Buren to the End of his Public Career. 1889.

For the many controversies regarding Bancroft see Winsor, Narrative and Critical History, VIII, p. 477, n. 5. For additional writings by Bancroft see the bibliography in Howe, George Bancroft, II, 331–341. The best biographical material is in the following:

Howe, M. A. De Wolfe. Life and Letters of George Bancroft. 2 vols. 1908.

Sloane, William M. George Bancroft—in Society, in Politics, in Letters. Century Magazine, XI, 473.

Bancroft, Elizabeth [Mrs. George Bancroft]. Letters from England in 1846–’9. 1904. Also in Scribner’s Mag., XXV, 163, 424.

Bassett, John S. The Middle Group of American Historians. 1917. Chap. 3.

—— (Ed.) Correspondence of Bancroft and Sparks. Smith Col. Studies in Hist., II, No. 2, 1917.

George Bancroft’s Library. The Critic, XIX, 339.

The Bancroft Library. Library Journal, XVIII, 149.

Hildreth, Richard. Report of the Trial of Rev. Ephraim K. Avery … on an Indictment for the Murder of Sarah Maria Cornell. 2d ed. Boston, 1833.

—— The Slave, or a Memoir of Archy Moore. 2 vols. Boston, 1836; Boston, 1839, 1840. Enlarged ed. as The White Slave; or Memoirs of a Fugitive. Boston, 1852. Other editions, the title varying slightly. French, Paris, 1853, 1858.

—— The People’s Presidential Candidate, or Life of William H. Harrison. Boston, 1839.

—— The Contrast, or William Henry Harrison vs. Martin Van Buren. Boston, 1840.

—— Banks, Banking, and Paper Currency. Boston, 1840.

—— Despotism in America, an Inquiry into the … Slaveholding System of the United States. Boston, 1840; enlarged ed., Boston, 1854.

—— Theory of Morals. Boston, 1844.

—— History of the United States of America. 1st series, 3 vols., 1849. 2d series, 3 vols., 1852–53. Dutch, 6 vols., The Hague, 1854–57.

—— The Case of William L. Chaplin. Boston, 1851.

—— Theory of Politics: an Inquiry into the Foundations of Governments. 1853.

—— Japan and the Japanese. Boston, 1855; rev. ed., Boston, 1855, 1861. Rev. and enlarged by Clement, E. W., as Japan as it Was and Is: a Handbook of Old Japan. 2 vols. Chicago, 1906.

—— [Ed.] Atrocious Judges, Lives of Infamous Tools of Tyrants. Boston, 1856; New York, 1856. [From Campbell, Lives of the Justices, with an appendix.]

—— [Translator]. Jeremy Bentham’s Theory of Legislation. 2 vols. Boston, 1840; London, 1864. [Translation of the French ed. of Étienne Dumont.] For a complete list of Hildreth’s controversial pamphlets see Sabin, Dictionary.

Holmes, Abiel. Sermon on the Freedom and Happiness of America, at Cambridge, Feb. 19, 1795. Boston, 1795.

—— A Family Tablet: Containing a Selection of Original Poetry. Boston, 1796.

—— Life of Ezra Stiles. Boston, 1798.

—— A Sermon in Boston and at Cambridge, April 25, 1799, the day for a national fast. Boston, 1799.

—— A Sermon on the Death of Washington. Boston, 1800.

—— History of Cambridge, a Sermon preached Jan. 4, 1801. Boston, 1801. Also in Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, ser. 1, vol. 7.

—— Memoir of the Monhegan Indians. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, ser. 1, vol. 9. 1804.

—— Memoir of Stephen Parmenius of Buda, with his Latin Poem translated. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, ser. 1, vol. 9. 1804.

—— American Annals; or a Chronological History of America from 1492 to 1806. 2 vols. Cambridge [Mass.], 1805; London, 1808; Cambridge and London, 1813.

Holmes, Abiel. The Annals of America from 1492 to 1826. 2 vols. Cambridge [Mass.], 1829.

—— Discourse before the Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians and Others in North America. Boston, 1808.

—— Address before the American Antiquarian Society, Oct. 24, 1814.

—— Historical Sketch of the English Translations of the Bible. Boston, 1815.

—— Two Discourses on the Completion of the Second Century from the Landing at Plymouth, delivered Dec. 24, 1820. Boston, 1821.

—— Memoirs of the French Protestants who settled at Oxford in Massachusetts, A. D., 1686. Cambridge [Mass.], 1826. Also in Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, ser. 3, vol. 2.

—— Two Sermons at Cambridge, 25 January, 1829, the 37th Anniversary of the Author’s Installation. Cambridge [Mass.], 1829.

Jenks, Rev. W. Memoir of Rev. Abiel Holmes. Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, ser. 3, vol. 7. [Contains a list of some of Holmes’s writings.]

Proceedings of the Council of Ordination of Rev. Abiel Holmes, at Midway, Georgia, with the Pastoral Address. 1787.

Sabin, Dictionary, lists many other sermons by Abiel Holmes.

Palfrey, John Gorham. Theory and Uses of Natural Religion: the Dudleian Lectures. Boston, 1829.

—— A Harmony of the Gospels. Boston, 1831.

—— Elements of Chaldee, Syriac, Samaritan, and Rabbinical Grammar. Boston, 1835.

—— Lectures on the Jewish Scriptures and Antiquities. 4 vols. Boston, 1838–52.

—— Lowell Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity. 2 vols. Boston, 1843.

—— Life of William Palfrey. In Sparks, Library of American Biography, 2d series, vol. 7.

—— A Chapter of American History: Five Years’ Progress of the Slave Power. Boston, 1852. [Anon.] [In the Boston Commonwealth, July-Sept., 1851.]

—— History of New England during the Stuart Dynasty. 3 vols. Boston, 1858–64. History of New England from the Revolution of the 17th Century to the Revolution of the 18th. 2 vols. Boston, 1875–90. Both abridged as A Compendious History of New England to the First General Congress of the Anglo-American Colonies. 4 vols. Boston, 1865–73.

—— The Siege of Yorktown. Mil. Hist. Soc. of Mass., Papers. Boston, 1881.

Palfrey was a voluminous writer of religious pamphlets, sermons, and tracts of various kinds. See Sabin, Dictionary, for other titles.

Pitkin, Timothy. A Statistical View of the Commerce of the United States of America: its Connection with the Public Debt, Revenues, and Expenditures of the United States. Hartford, 1816; 2d ed. 1817; New Haven, 1835.

—— A Political and Civil History of the United States of America from 1763 to the Close of the Administration of President Washington … including a Summary View of the Political and Civil State of the North American Colonies, prior to that Period. 2 vols. New Haven, 1828. [Some copies have the date 1831.]

Sabin, Dictionary, lists other titles.

Tucker, George. Discourse on the Progress of Philosophy.… [delivered] before the Virginia Historical and Philosophical Society. Richmond, 1835.

—— Life of Thomas Jefferson. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1837.

—— Description of the United States of America. In Long, G., and others, Geography of America: Library of Useful Knowledge, 1841.

Tucker, George. Progress of the United States in Population and Wealth, in Fifty Years. 1843.

—— History of the United States to the End of the 26th Congress in 1841. 4 vols. Philadelphia, 1856–58.


Force, Peter. The National Calendar and Annals of the United States, 1820 to 1836. 14 vols. Washington, 1820–36. None issued for 1825, 1826, 1827. [Sabin says “to 1838 or later,” but the present writer has found no set extending beyond 1836.]

—— A Directory for the Public Offices, the Library, Offices, and Committee Rooms, in the Capitol … with an Alphabetical Directory of the Members of Congress. Washington, 1820.

—— National Government Journal and Register of Official Papers; vol. 1, Dec. 3, 1823, to Nov. 20, 1824. Washington, 1823–24. [An “extra” published weekly to accompany Force’s newspaper: no other volume published.]

—— Register of the Army and Navy of the United States, no. 1, 1830. Washington, 1830.

—— First American Congress, Proceeding of the British Parliament and of the Colonies in relation to the … Congress of the North American Colonies … in New York, in October, 1765. Washington, 1832. Reprinted from The National Calendar, 1832.

—— [Joint ed. with Clarke, M. St. C.] Report to John Forsyth, Secretary of State on [the] Documentary History of the United States. Washington, 1834.

—— Tracts and other Papers, relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies of North America. 4 vols. Washington, 1836–46.

—— American Archives: a Collection of authentic State Papers … forming a Documentary History of the North American Colonies. 9 vols. Washington, 1837–53.

—— Congressional Directory. Washington, 1841, 1842.

—— Grinnell Land. [Washington, 1832.]

—— Supplement to Grinnell Land. [Washington, 1853.]

—— The Declaration of Independence, or Notes on Lord Mahon’s History of the American Declaration of Independence. London, 1855. [First in The National Intelligencer, rev. and pub. in a limited ed. in London.]

—— Record of Auroral Phenomena observed in the higher Northern Latitudes. Smithsonian Contribs. to Knowledge, vol. 8, no. 84, 1856.

—— The Northwest Passage … on the suggested Discovery of a Northwest Passage by Sir John Franklin. New York Times, 12 July, 1858.

—— [Ed.] The National Journal. Washington, 1823 to 1830.

Bassett, John S. Middle Group of American Historians. 1917. Chap. 5.

Greene, George W. Col. Peter Force, the American Annalist. Mag. Amer. Hist., vol. 2, p. 221 (Apr., 1878). Also in North Amer. Rev., vol. 92, p. 364.

[Anon.] Peter Force. The Amer. Hist. Record, vol. 3, p. 1.

—— Peter Force and his Library. Historical Magazine, vol. 9, p. 335.

Spofford, Ainsworth R. The Life and Labors of Peter Force. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, vol. 2, p. 1.

—— Special Report of the Librarian to the Joint Committee on the Library concerning the Historical Library of Peter Force, Esqr. Washington, 1867.

Spofford, Ainsworth R. Report of the Librarian of Congress upon … the manuscript Material collected by the late Peter Force. 46th Cong., 1st ses., Sen. Misc. Docs., no. 34. Washington, 1879.

Hazard, Ebenezer. Historical Collections, consisting of State Papers and other authentic Documents. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1792–94.

—— The Belknap Papers. Mass. Hist. Soc. Col., series 5, vols. 2 and 3; series 6, vol. 4. [Correspondence of Hazard and Belknap.]

Morse, Jedidiah. Geography made easy. New Haven [1784]. 22d ed., Boston, 1820. [Very widely used.]

—— The American Geography; or a View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. Elizabeth Town [N. J.], 1789 [2 maps]; London, 1792; Dublin, 1792; rev. ed., London, 1794 [25 maps]; Edinburgh, 1795; Dutch, 4 vols., Amsterdam, 1793–96.

—— American Universal Geography. 2 vols. Boston, 1793, 1795; rev. ed., Boston, 1796, 1801, 1802–05, 1812; Charlestown, 1819. 1 vol., Boston, 1802, 1807.

—— Elements of Geography on a New Plan. Boston, 1795, 1796, 1798, 1804; New Haven, 1825.

—— The American Gazetteer, a much more … accurate Account … of the States, Provinces, Counties, Cities, etc. on the American Continent, also of the West India Islands. Boston, 1797, 1798; London, 1798; rev. ed., Charlestown, 1804; Boston, 1810. Abridged, Boston, 1798; Troy, 1816.

—— Sermon at Charlestown, Nov. 29, 1798, on the Anniversary of Thanksgiving in Massachusetts. Boston, 1798, 1799. [Announced the existence of an alleged French revolutionary society, naming the suspected members.]

—— Compendious History of New England, designed for Schools and Private Families. Charlestown, 1804, 1820; London, 1808; Newburyport [1809].

—— An Appeal … on the Controversy respecting the Revolution of Harvard College; occasioned by the … Accusations of Miss Hannah Adams against the Author. Charlestown, 1814.

—— Review of the Unitarian Controversy. Boston, 1815. [Anon.]

—— Report to the Secretary of War … on Indian Affairs … a Narrative of a Tour in the Summer of 1820. New Haven, 1822.

—— Annals of the American Revolution. Hartford, 1824.

—— [Compiler.] The History of America, extracted from the American edition of the Encyclopaedia. Philadelphia, 1790, 1795, 1798, 1819.

Lowell, John. Review of Dr. Morse’s Appeal to the Public. [N. p., 1814.]

Sparks, Jared. Letters on … the Protestant Episcopal Church; addressed to the Rev. William M. Wyatt, D.D., in reply to a Sermon. Baltimore, 1820; Boston, 1844.

—— Sermon in the Hall of the House of Representatives … on the death of William Pinkney. Washington, 1822.

—— Comparative Moral Tendency of the Trinitarian and Unitarian Doctrines … Letters to the Rev. Dr. Miller, of Princeton. Boston, 1823. [Expanded from articles in the Unitarian Miscellany, 1821–22.]

—— An Account of the Manuscript Papers of George Washington … at Mount Vernon, with a Plan for their Publication. N. p. 1827. Also in The National Intelligencer, 19 and 22 May, 1827; in Niles’s Register, 26 May, 1827; and in Adams, H. B., Life of Sparks, vol. II., pp. 236–64.

—— Memoirs of the Life and Travels of John Ledyard. Cambridge, 1828, 1829; London, 1828, 1834. German by Michaelis, Leipsic, 1829. Rptd. in Sparks, Library of American Biography, 2d ser., vol. 14, Boston, 1847.

Sparks, Jared. The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge. Vol. 1, Boston, 1830. [Sparks sold his half interest in this work at the end of a year, but his successors carried it forward until 1861.]

—— [Editor.] Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution. 12 vols. Boston, 1829–30, 1854.

—— Life of Gouverneur Morris, with Selections from his Correspondence and Miscellaneous Papers. 3 vols. Boston, 1832. French, with many omissions, by Gandais, 2 vols., Paris, 1841.

—— A Collection of the Familiar Letters and Miscellaneous Papers of Benjamin Franklin. Boston, 1833; London, 1833.

—— The Life and Writings of George Washington. 12 vols., Boston, 1834–37; Boston, 1837, 1842. German, condensed by von Raumer, F., 2 vols., Leipsic, 1839. English ed. as Personal Memoirs, Diaries of George Washington, 2 vols., London, 1839, 1842. French, prepared by Guizot, 6 vols., Paris, 1839–40.

—— Life of George Washington. Boston, 1839, 1853, 1854, 1855. [Vol. 1 of the Life and Writings.] Abridged ed., 2 vols., Boston, 1842.

—— The Works of Benjamin Franklin; with Notes and a Life of the Author. 10 vols. Boston, 1836–40, 1850; new ed., Boston, 1856; Philadelphia, 1858.

—— Lives of Eminent Individuals, celebrated in American History. 3 vols. Boston. [1839.] [From American Biography.]

—— Correspondence of the American Revolution … Letters … to George Washington. 4 vols. Boston, 1853.

—— Library of American Biography. 25 vols. 1st series, 10 vols., Boston, 1834–38; 2d series, 15 vols., Boston, 1844–47. 25 vols., New York and Boston, 1864. [Lives written by Sparks: Ethan Allen, vol. 1; Benedict Arnold, vol. 3; Marquette, vol. 10; La Salle, vol. 11; Count Pulaski, vol. 14; Jean Ribault, vol. 17; Charles Lee, vol. 18; John Ledyard, vol. 24. It is said that by 1853 the total sale of volumes was 100,000.]

—— [Ed.] The Unitarian Miscellany. Baltimore, 1821–23. [Established to promote the spread of Unitarianism in the South. Sparks made it widely known, and some of his articles in it were copied in many quarters. A list is given in Adams, Sparks, II, 601–4. The Miscellany was discontinued in 1824.]

—— [Ed.] The North American Review. May, 1817, to May, 1818; Jan., 1823, to Mar., 1830. [For a list of Sparks’s articles, see Adams, Sparks, II, 596–601.]

Jared Sparks. In the National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. Philadelphia, 1856.

Deane, W. R. Memoir of Jared Sparks. Historical Magazine, May, 1866, vol. X, 146–56.

Mayer, Brantz. Memoir of Jared Sparks. Baltimore, 1867.

Ellis, George E. Memoir of Jared Sparks. Cambridge, 1869. [Rptd. from Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., May, 1868.]

Adams, H. B. The Life and Writings of Jared Sparks. 2 vols. Boston, 1893. [Contains indispensable bibliography, with numerous items not listed here.]

Bassett, John S. Middle Group of American Historians. 1917. Chap. 2.