The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
VOLUME XV. Colonial and Revolutionary Literature; Early National Literature, Part I.

V. Philosophers and Divines, 1720–1789


A. Philosophical

Armstrong, A. C. Philosophy in American Colleges. Educational Review. January, 1897.

Becelaere, F. L. van. La Philosophie en Amèrique, depuis les origines jusquànos jours. 1904.

Blakey, Robert. History of the Philosophy of Mind. London, 1850. Vol. IV. Chap. 7. Metaphysical Writers of the United States of America.

Carlson, J. C. Om Filosofieu i Amerika. Upsala, 1895.

Curtis, M. M. An Outline of Philosophy in America. Western Reserve University Bulletin. March, 1896.

Jones, A. L. Early American Philosophers. 1898.

Miller, Samuel. Retrospect of the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. 1803.

Riley, Woodbridge. American Philosophy: The Early Schools. 1907.

—— American Thought, from Puritanism to Pragmatism. 1915.

Robertson, J. M. History of Free Thought. 1906. Vol. 11. Chap. 17. Early Freethought in the United States.

Santayana, George. Winds of Doctrine. 1913. Chapter on The Genteel Tradition in America.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America. 1898. Vol. 11. Chap. 1. The Philosophy of the Americans. [1st ed. 1835.]

Thilly, Frank. On Philosophy in the United States. In Revue de metaphysique et de morale. September, 1908.

Ueberweg, Friedrich. History of Philosophy. 1901. Vol. 11., pp. 442–460. Porter, Noah. Philosophy in America.

B. Ecclesiastical

Addison, D. D. The Clergy in American Life and Letters. 1900.

Bacon, Leonard. Genesis of the New England Churches. 1874.

Baird, Robert. Religion in America. 1844.

Byington, E. H. The Puritan in England and New England. Boston, 1896.

Cobb, S.H. The Rise of Religious Liberty in America. 1902.

Ellis, G. E. A Half Century of the Unitarian Controversy. Boston, 1857.

—— The Puritan Age and Rule. Boston, 1888.

Fisher, G. P. History of Christian Doctrine. 1896.

—— Discussions in History and Theology. 1880.

Foster, F.H. A Genetic History of the New England Theology. Chicago, 1907.

Tracy, Joseph. The Great Awakening. A History of the Revival of Religion in the time of Edwards and Whitefield. 6th ed. Boston, 1841.

Uhden, H.F. The New England Theocracy. Boston, 1858.

Underwood, Francis H. The Awakening of New England. Contemporary. Review. August, 1888.

Walker, Williston. The Creeds and Platforms of Congregationalism. 1893.

C. Literary

See also, General Authorities, supra, pp. 363–65.

Doyle, J.A. The English in America. Vol. v. 1907.

Fronthingham, O.B. Transcendentalism in New England. 1876.

Goddard, H.C. Studies in New England Transcendentalism. 1908.

Tyler, M.C. A History of American Literature, during the Colonial Time. 2 vols. 1878.

—— The Literary History of the American Revolution. 2 vols. 1897.


Chauncy, Charles (1705–1787). Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New-England. Boston, 1743.

—— A Discourse Occasioned by the Death of the Reverend Jonathan Mayhew, Late Pastor of the West-Church in Boston. Boston, 1766.

—— The Benevolence of the Deity, Fairly and Impartially Considered. Boston, 1784.

—— A Caveat against Enthusiasm. N.p.n.d.

SAMUEL JOHNSON (1696–1772)
A. Published Works

An Introduction to the Study of Philosophy, exhibiting a General View of All the Arts and Sciences, for the Use of Pupils, with a Catalogue of some of the most valuable Authors necessary to be read in order to instruct them in a thorough Knowledge of each of them. By a gentleman educated at Yale College. 2d ed. enlarged. New London, 1743. First published at London in The Republic of Letters, May, 1731. As Introduction to the Study of Philosophy. In Clap, Thomas, Catalogue of the Library of Yale College. New London, 1743.

Elementa Ethica, or the First Principles of Moral Philosophy … by Aris-tocles. Boston, 1746.

Elementa Philosophica: Containing chiefly Noetica, or Things relating to the Mind or Understanding; and Ethica, or Things relating to the Moral Behav-iour. Philadelphia, 1752. [Noetica: or the First Principles of Human Knowledge. Being a Logick, including both Metaphysics and Dialectic, or the Art of Reasoning. With a brief Pathology, and an account of the Gradual Progress of the Human Mind, from the first Dawnings of Sense to the highest Perfection, both Intellectual and Moral, of which it is capable. To which is prefixed a short Introduction to the Study of the Sciences.]

English and Hebrew Grammar. London, 1767. [Appendix, A General Scheme for the Partition of the Sciences … or a Synopsis of All Parts of Learning.]

B. Unpublished MSS.
(In the Library of Columbia University.)

Cyclopædia of Learning. N.p.n.d. [In bound volume labelled Sermons.]

The Travails of the Intellect in the Microcosm and Macrocosm. 1719.

Journal of a Voyage to and from England. N.p.n.d. (Copied by W. S. Johnson.)

Introduction to the Study of Philosophy. N.p. 1731.

Memoirs written by Himself. [Signed S.E.S. Johnson, 1877.]

Raphael or the Genius of English-America. Moral dialogues with Aristocles, Theocles and Crito. Two folios. Private and Public Morals [Probably an undergraduate production]. N.p.n.d.

C. Biography and Criticism

Baldwin, Ezra. Annals of Yale College. New Haven, 1838.

Berkeley, George. The Minute Philosopher. 1st American from 4th English ed. New Haven, 1803.

Fraser, A. Campbell. The Works of Bishop Berkeley. 4 vols. Oxford, 1871. [No trace is to be found of Johnson’s reputed American Annotations on Bishop Berkeley’s Treatise on the Principles of Human Knowledge as reported in T.H. Montgomery’s History of the University of Pennsylvania, p. 7. Cf. Passages from the Memoirs of Dr. Samuel Johnson relating to King’s College, copied from the original MS. by Anne J. Johnson, 18.6.]

Lyon, Georges. Idealisme en Angleterre. Paris, 1888. (Chap. IX.)

D. Controversial

Clap, Thomas. An Essay on the Nature and Foundation of Virtue and Moral Obligation. New Haven, 1765.

—— The Religious Constitution of Colleges, especially of Yale College. New London, 1754.

Dummer, Jeremiah. Letter to Timothy Woodbridge, 3rd July, 1743. Col. Soc. of Mass. Trans., vol. VI, p. 195. [Johnson’s Anglicanism.]

Dexter, F.B. Yale Biographies and Annals. Vol. 1. 1885.

—— The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles. New York, 1901.

Dickinson, Jonathan. Familiar Letters to a Gentleman on Several Important Subjects in Religion. Edinburgh, 1757.

—— Reasonableness of Christianity. Boston, 1732.

Smith, H. W. Life and Correspondence of Rev. William Smith, First Provost of the College and Academy of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1879.

Stille, Charles J. A Memoir of the Rev. William Smith. Philadelphia, 1869. (P. 10. Refers to the use of Johnson’s Elements, in spite of Smith’s adverse views expressed to the Rev. Richard Peters.)

A. Writings

A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers; with Some Reflections on the Resistance made to King Charles I. Boston, 1750, 1818.

Sermons. Boston, 1755.

Two Sermons On the Nature, Extent and Perfection of the Divine Goodness. Delivered December 9, 1762. Being the Annual Thanksgiving of the Province. Boston, 1763. [Sermon II. Some Objections against the goodness of God considered; and the Subject applied to the Occasion, with practical Inferences and Reflexions.]

Discourse occasioned by the Earthquakes in November, 1755. 18 December, 1755.

B. Biography and Criticism

Bradford, Alden. Memoir of the Life and Writings of Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, D.D., Pastor of the West Church and Society in Boston, from June, 1747 to July, 1766. Boston, 1838.

Borgeaud, Charles. The Rise of Modern Democracy. 1894.

Merriam, C.E. History of American Political Theories. 1903.

Scherger, G.L. The Evolution of Modern Liberty. 1904.

A. Writings Relating to America

A Short Account of God’s Dealings with the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield from his Infancy to the time of his entring into Holy Orders. Written by Himself. Edinburgh, 1741.

The Two First Parts of his Life, with his Journals. Revised, corrected and abridged. London, 1756.

A Select Collection of Letters of the Late Reverend George Whitefield, M.A.… written to His most intimate Friends, and Persons of Distinction in England, Scotland, Ireland, and America. From the Year 1734 to 1770. London, 1772.

Some Remarks on a Pamphlet entitled, the Enthusiasm of Methodists and Papists compared; wherein several Mistakes in some Parts of his past Writings and Conduct are acknowledged, and his present Sentiments concerning the Methodists explained. London, 1749.

B. Biography and Criticism

Checkley, John, or the Evolution of Religious Tolerance in Massachusetts Bay. Boston, 1897. Publications of the Prince Society, vol. II.

Gillies, John, Memoirs of the Life of George Whitefield. New Haven, 1812.

Gledstone, James Patterson. The Life and Travels of George Whitefield, M.A. London, 1871.

Harsha, D.A. Life of the Reverend George Whitefield. Albany, 1866.

Philip, Robert. The Life and Times of the Reverend George Whitefield. 1838.

Ryle, J.C. A Sketch of the Life and Labors of George Whitefield. 1854.

[Anon.] George Whitefield: A Biography, with special Reference to his Labors in America. n.p. 1857.

Wigglesworth, Edward (1693–1765). A Letter to the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield By Way of Reply to his Answer to the College Testimony against him and his Conduct … To which is added, the Reverend President’s answer to the Things charged upon Him by the Said Mr. Whitefield, as Inconsistencies. Boston, 1745.

John Woolman (1720–1772). Works. In Two Parts. Philadelphia, 1774. 2d ed. 1775. London, 1775.

The Journal … and Other Writings. London and New York, n.d. Ed. Scudder, Vida D. [Everyman’s Library.]

Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes. Philadelphia, 1754. Part Second. Philadelphia, 1762.

Considerations on Pure Wisdom, and Human Policy; on Labour; on Schools; and on the Right Use of the Lord’s Outward Gifts. Philadelphia, 1768.

A First Book for Children, A. B. C. D. Philadelphia, [1769.]

Considerations on the True Harmony of Mankind; and How it is to be Maintained. Philadelphia, 1770.

An Extract from John Woolman’s Journal in Manuscript, concerning the Ministry. [Philadelphia, 1770.]

An Epistle to the Quarterly and Monthly Meetings of Friends. [Burlington, 1772.]

A Journal of the Life, Gospel Labours, and Christian Experience of … John Woolman. Philadelphia, 1790. Boston, 1871. Ed. Whittier, J.G.

Serious Considerations on Various Subjects of Importance … With Some of his Dying Expressions. London, 1773.

A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich. [Philadelphia], 1793. Also in Headlam, S.D., and others, Socialism and Religion. London, 1908.

John Woolman: A Social Reformer of the Eighteenth Century. Economic Review. Vol. VII, pp. 170–189.

Jones, Rufus M. The Quakers in the American Colonies. London, 1911.

Russell, A. C. Characteristics. Boston, 1884.

Shore, W. T. John Woolman; His Life and Our Times; being a Study in Applied Christianity. London, 1913.