The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume IV. Prose and Poetry: Sir Thomas North to Michael Drayton.

XVII. Writers on Country Pursuits and Pastimes


The following is a brief list of the more important books. Fuller lists, and details of the various editions, will be found in the bibliographical books noted below. See, also, D. of N. B.

Amherst, A. A History of Gardening in England. 2nd ed. 1896.

Brydges, E. Censura Literaria. Vol. V. 1815.

Cockle, J. D. A bibliography of English Military Books up to 1642 and of contemporary foreign works. 1900.

Donaldson, John. Agricultural biography. 1854.

Gatfield, G. Guide to printed books and manuscripts relating to Heraldry and Genealogy. 1892.

Harting, J. E. Bibliotheca Accipitraria. 1891.

Hazlitt, W. C. Gleanings in old garden literature. 1887.

—— Old cookery books and ancient cuisine. 1886.

Huth, F. H. Works on Horses and Equitation. 1887.

Jackson, B. D. Guide to the literature of Botany. Index Soc. 1881.

McDonald, D. Agricultural writers, 1200–1800. 1908.

Marston, R. B. Walton and some earlier writers on fish and fishing. 1894.

Moule, T. Bibliotheca Heraldica Magnae Britanniae. 1822.

Old English Cookery. Quarterly Review, Jan. 1894.

The Master of Game, ed. by Baillie-Grohmann, W. A. and F. 1904. (Bibliographical notes on early hunting literature.)

Westwood, T. and Satchell, T. Bibliotheca Piscatoria. 1883.

Country Books

Cavelarice, or the English horseman.… 1607.

Cheape and Good Husbandry for the well-ordering of all beasts, and fowles, and for the generall cure of their diseases.… Together, with the use and profit of bees; the making of fish-ponds, and the taking of all sorts of fish. 1614, etc.

The Complete Farriar, or the kings high-way to horsmanship.… 1639.

The Compleat Husbandman and gentleman’s recreation: or the whole art of husbandry. 1707.

Country Contentments; or the husbandmans recreations. 1611. (Contains the first book only.) Country Contentments, in two bookes: the first containing the whole art of riding great horses.… Likewise … the arts of hunting, hawking, etc. The second intituled, The English Huswife; containing the inward and outward vertues which ought to be in a compleate woman.… 1615, etc.

The Country Housewifes Garden … together with the husbandry of bees … with divers new knots for gardens. 1617, etc.

The Country-mans Recreation, or the art of planting, grafting, and gardening, in three bookes. (i. The art of planting, grafting, and gardening. ii. A perfect platforme of a hoppe garden. iii. The expert gardener.) 1640, etc.)

A cure for all diseases in horses. 1610. (As Markhams Method, 1616, etc.)

A discource of Horsemanshippe. Wherein the breeding and ryding of horses for service, in a brefe manner is more methodically sett downe then hath been heeretofore.… Also the manner to chuse, trayne, ryde and dyet, both hunting-horses, and running-horses. 1593, 1595, etc.

The English Husbandman. The first part: contayning the knowledge of the true nature of every soyle within this kingdome.… Together with the art of planting, grafting, and gardening after our latest and rarest fashion.… 1613. Second booke.… Contayning the ordering of the kitchin-garden, and the planting of strange flowers: the breeding of … cattell.… Whereunto is added a treatise, called Good mens recreation: contayning a discourse of the generall art of fishing.… Together with the … breeding and dyeting of the fighting cocke. 1614, etc.

The Gentlemans Academie, or The Booke of St Albans, compiled by Juliana Barnes … and now reduced into a better method by G. M. 1595.

The Gentlemen’s Accomplish’d Jockey: with the compleat horseman and approved farrier.… 1722.

The Horsemans Honour, or the beautie of horsemanship as the choise, natures, breeding, breaking, riding, and dieting, whether outlandish or English horses. With the true, easie, cheape, and most approved manner, how to know and cure all diseases in any horse whatsoever. 1620. (Anon., but possibly by Markham.)

How to trayne and teach horses to amble. 1605.

Hungers Prevention: or the whole arte of fowling.… 1621, etc.

The Husbandman’s Jewel, directing how to improve land … destroy vermin, etc. 1707.

The Inrichment of the Weald of Kent. 1625, etc.

Maison Rustique, or, the countrey farme. Compyled in the French tongue by Charles Stevens, and John Liebault … translated into English by Richard Surflet … reviewed, corrected, and augmented. By Gervase Markham. 1616.

Le Marescale, or the horse marshall, containing those secrets which I practice, but never imparted to any man. (Manuscript: in possession of Sir Clements R. Markham.)

Markhams Faithfull Farrier. 1630, etc.

Markhams Farwell to Husbandry: or, the inriching of all sorts of barren and sterill grounds.… 1620, etc.

Markhams Maister-peece, or what doth a horse-man lacke, containing all possible knowledge whatsoever which doth belong to any smith, farrier or horse-leech, touching the curing of all maner of diseases or sorrances in horses, … with an addition of 130 most principal chapters, and 340 most excellent medicines receits and secrets worthy every mans knowledge. 1610, etc.

The Perfect Horseman; or, the experienc’d secrets of Mr. Markham’s fifty years practice … now published by Launcelot Thetford. 1655, etc.

A Way to get Wealth: containing the sixe principall vocations or callings in which everie good husband or house-wife may` lawfully imploy themselves.… 1631, etc. (A collection containing: 1. Cheap and Good Husbandry; 2. Country Contentments; 3. The English House-wife; 4. The Inrichment of the Weald of Kent; 5. Markhams farewell to Husbandry; 6. Lawson’s New Orchard and Garden, with The Country House-wifes Garden, Harward’s Art of propagating Plants, and The Husbandmans Fruitefull Orchard.)

The Whole Art of Husbandrie, by C. Heresbach, translated by B. Googe, 1577, enlarged by Gervase Markham. 1631.

The Young Sportsman’s Instructor. In angling, fowling, hawking, hunting, ordering singing birds, hawks, poultry, coneys, hares, and dogs, and how to cure them. By G. M. Sold at the Gold Ring, in Little Britain. Price 6d. Rptd. 1820; also by Gamidge, S., Worcester (n.d.).

Poems and Plays

Devoreux. Vertues teares for the losse of King Henry III of Fraunce, etc., paraphrastically translated into English by Jervis Markham. 1597.

The Dumbe Knight. A pleasant comedy, acted sundry times by the children of his Majesties Revels. Written by Jarvis Markham [and L. Machin]. 1608, 1633. Rptd. in Dodsley’s Collection, vol. IV.

The Famous Whore, or noble curtizan: conteining the lamentable complaint of Paulina, the famous Roman curtizan. 1609. Ed. by Ouvry, F., 1868.

The most honorable tragedie of Sir Richard Grinvile, Knight. 1595. Rptd. by Arber, E., 1871.

The true tragedy of Herod and Antipater: with the death of faire Marriam.… As it hath beene, of late, divers times publiquely acted (with great applause) at the Red Bull, by the Company of his Majesties Revels. Written by Gervase Markham and William Sampson. 1622.

Marie Magdalens Lamentations for the losse of her master Jesus. 1601, 1604. Ed. Grosart in Miscell. of the Fuller Worthies’ Library, vol. II, 1871.

The Poem of Poems; or Sions muse; contayning the divine song of king Salomon, devided into eight eclogues. 1595, 1596.

Rodomonths Infernall, or the divell conquered. Ariastos conclusions of the marriage of Rogero with Bradamanth, etc., paraphrastically translated by G. M. 1607. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 15 Sept., 1598.)

The Teares of the Beloved: or, the lamentations of Saint John. 1600. Ed. Grosart in Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies’ Library, vol. II, 1871.

Thyrsis and Daphne. By Gervis Mackwm. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 23 April, 1593.)


The Art of Archerie. 1634. Dedication signed Gervase Markham. In the Huth Catalogue is described a similar copy dated 1633.

Conceyted letters, newly layde open: or a most excellent bundle of new wit, wherein is knit up together all the perfections or arte of episteling. 1618, etc. (Preface signed I. M.)

Death triumphant. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 16 Nov., 1621.)

The English Arcadia alluding his beginning from Sir Philip Sydnes ending. 1607. Second part, 1613.

Hobsons Horse-load of Letters; or a president for epistles. By G. M. 1613. (“A presidente for epistles by Gervase Markham” was entered in the Stationers’ register, 23 Sept., 1613.)

Honour in his perfection. 1624.

A second parte to the Mothers blessing, or a cure against misfortunes. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 7 May, 1622.)

The Souldiers Accidence. Or an introduction into military discipline, containing the first principles and necessary knowledge meete for captaines, muster-masters, and all young souldiers of the infantrie, or foote bandes. Also the cavallarie or formes of trayning of horse-troopes. 1625. Rptd. in The Souldiers Exercise, 1643. See also Brit. Mus. Stowe MSS. 438.

The Souldiers Grammar.… By G. M. 1626, etc. Second part, 1627, etc.

Verus pater, or health of body. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 4 May, 1620.)

Wittes only wealth. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 4 May, 1620.)

Doubtful Works

Ariostos satyres, by Gervase Markham. 1608. (Generally attributed to Robert Tofte.)

A Health to the gentlemanly profession of serving-men. 1598. (Sometimes attributed to Markham, but probably not by him.)

The Pastoralls of Julietta. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 11 Nov., 1609, as “translated out of Ffrench by Jarvis Markham,” but published in 1610 as the work of Robert Tofte.)

A schoole for yonge schollers contayneing a briefe table to teach and learne to trayne and to be trayned, by Master Markeham. (Entered in Stationers’ register, 26 Sept., 1615.)

Vox militis, by G. M. 1625. (This re-issue of Barnabe Rich’s Allarme to England, sometimes attributed to Markham, is believed to be by Marcelline, G.)

The best account of Markham is that given in the D. of N. B. The following books may also be consulted; Langbaine’s Dramatic Poets, Ritson’s Bibliographica Poetica, Brydges’s Restituta, Grosart’s uncritical memoir, prefixed to his reprint of Teares of the Beloved (Miscellanies of Fuller Worthies’ Library, vol. II), D. F. Markham’s History of the Markham Family, 1854, and the bibliographical works mentioned above.


Astley, J. The art of riding, set foorthe … out of Xenophon and Gryson. 1584.

Baret, M. An hipponomie or vineyard of horsemanship, with the art of breeding and dieting horses. 1618.

Bedingfield, T. The art of riding … written in the Italian tong by Maister Claudio Corte. 1584.

Blundeville, T. A newe booke, containing the arte of ryding, and breakinge greate horses. 1560 (?).

—— The fower chiefyst offices belongyng to horsemanshippe.… The office of the breeder, of the rider, of the keper, and of the ferrer. 1565–6.

Browne, T. Fiftie years practice: or an exact discourse concerning snaffleriding. 1624.

C., L. W. A very perfect discourse and order, how to know the age of a horse, and the diseases that breed in him, with the remedies to cure the same. 1610.

Clifford, C. The schoole of horsmanship. 1585.

Malbie, N. A plaine and easie way to remedy a horse that is foundered in his feete. 1576.

—— Remedies for diseases in horses. 1576.

Maroccus extaticus. Or, Bankes bay horse in a trance. A discourse set downe in a merry dialogue, between Bankes and his beast. 1595. (Rptd. by Percy Soc. in Early English Poetry, vol. IX, 1844.)

For an account of this horse and the references to him in contemporary literature see Halliwell-Phillipps’s Memoranda on Love’s Labour’s Lost. 1879.

Mascall, L. The first booke of cattell, wherein is shewed the government of oxen, kine, calves, and how to use bulls and other cattell to the yoake and fell; the seconde booke intreating of the government of horses. 1587.

Morgan, N. The perfection of horsemanship, drawn from nature, arte, and practise. 1609.

Propertees and medcynes for a horse. Wynkyn de Worde (about 1500).

Hunting, Hawking, Angling, etc.

Book of St. Albans. St. Albans (about 1486).

This edition contained only the three treatises on hawking, hunting and coat-armour. The treatise on fishing with an angle was added to the second edition, printed by Wynkyn de Worde in 1496.

Bert, E. An approved treatise of hawkes and hawking. 1619.

Caius, J. Of English dogges, the diversities, the names, the natures, and the properties. Trans. Fleming, A. 1576.

Cokayne, T. A short treatise of hunting, compyled for the delight of noblemen and gentlemen. 1591.

Dennys, J. The secrets of angling.… By I. D. Esquire. 1613.

Gryndall, W. Hawking, hunting, fowling and fishing, with the true measures of blowing. 1596.

Latham, S. Falconry: or the faulcons lure and cure. 1615.

—— New and second booke of faulconry. 1618.

Manwood, J. A brefe collection of the lawes of the forest. 1592.

Mascall, L. A booke of fishing with hooke and line.… Another of sundrie engines and trappes to take polcats, buzards, rattes, mice and all other kindes of vermine.… Made by L. M. 1590.

S., T. A jewell for gentrie. Being an exact dictionary … all the art, secrets and worthy knowledges belonging to hawking, hunting, fowling and fishing. Together with all the true measures for winding of the horne. 1614.

Taverner, J. Certaine experiments concerning fish and fruit. 1600.

Turbervile, G. The Booke of faulconrie or hawking. 1575.

—— The noble arte of venerie or hunting. 1575. [1576 ed. rptd. Oxford, 1909.]

Wilson, G. The commendation of cockes and cock-fighting. Wherein is shewed, that cocke-fighting was before the comming of Christ. 1607.

York, Edward, second Duke of. The master of game. Written about 1406, and first printed in 1904; ed. by Baillie-Grohman, W. A. and F.


Bellot, J. The booke of thrift, containing a perfite order and right methode to profite lands and other things belonging to husbandry. 1589.

C., R. An olde thrift newly revived … the manner of planting, preserving, and husbanding yong trees. 1612.

Fitzherbert. J. A newe tracte or treatyse moost profytable for all husbandmen. Pynson (not later than 1523). Ed. Skeat, W. W., English Dialect Soc., 1882. [See Eng. Hist. Review, XII, 225 (1897).]

—— The boke of surveying. Pynson, 1523.

Henley, Walter of. Boke of Husbandry. Ed. by Lamond, E. and Cunningham, W. 1890.

Mascall, L. The husbandlye ordring and governmente of poultrie. 1581.

Plat, H. The jewell house of art and nature. Conteining divers rare and profitable inventions, together with sundry new experimentes in the art of husbandry, distillation, and moulding. 1594.

—— The new and admirable arte of setting corne. (About 1596.)

—— Sundrie new and artificiall remedies against famine. 1596.

Standish, A. The commons complaint.… The generall destruction and waste of woods in this kingdome.… 1611.

—— New directions of experience to the commons complaint … for the planting of timber and fire-wood. 1613.

Surflet, R. Maison rustique or the countrie-farme. 1600.

Tusser, T. (See bibl. to Vol. III, Chap. VIII.)

Gardening, Bees, etc.

Butler, C. The feminine monarchie, or a treatise concerning bees. Oxford, 1609.

F., N. The fruiterers secrets. 1604.

Gardiner, R. Profitable instructions for the manuring, sowing, and planting of kitchen gardens. 1599.

Harward, S. The art of propagating plants, in Lawson’s New Orchard. 1626.

Hill, T. (Didymus Mountain). A most briefe and pleasaunt treatyse, teachynge how to dress, sowe, and set a garden. 1563, 1568, etc.

—— A pleasant instruction of the parfit ordering of bees. 1568.

—— The gardeners labyrinth (completed by Henry Dethick). 1577.

Lawson, W. A new orchard and garden. 1618.

Mascall, L. A booke of the arte and maner, howe to plant and graffe all sortes of trees. 1572.

Orchard (The), and the garden: containing certaine necessarie, secret, and ordinarie knowledges in grafting and gardening.… 1602.

Parkinson, J. Paradisi in sole, paradisus terrestris, or a garden of all sorts of pleasant flowers … with a kitchen garden … and an orchard. 1629.

Passe, C. de. A garden of flowers. (Trans. by E. W.) Utrecht, 1615.

Platt, H. Floraes paradise, beautified and adorned with sundry sorts of delicate fruites and flowers. 1608.

Scot, R. A perfite platforme of a hoppe-garden. 1574.


Andrew, L. The vertuose boke of distyllacyon of the waters of all maner of herbes. 1527.

Ascham, A. A little herball. 1550.

C., W. (W. Copland?). A boke of the propreties of herbes. 1549 (?). A re-issue of A newe mater, 1525.

Gerard, J. The herball, or generall historie of plantes. 1597. (Revised and enlarged by Thomas Johnson, 1633.)

Grete herball (The). P. Treveris, Southwark, 1526.

Hollybush, J. A most excellent and perfecte homish apothecarye, or a homely physick booke. Cologne, 1561.

Langham, W. The garden of health, conteyning the sundry rare and hidden vertues and properties of all kindes of simples and plants. 1579.

Lyte, H. A niewe herball or historie of plantes … set foorth in the Doutche or Almaigne tongue by … Rembert Dodoens.… Nowe first translated out of French. 1578.

Macers herbal practysid by Doctor Linacro. (About 1530.)

—— A new herball of Macer. (About 1535.)

Parkinson, J. Theatrum botanicum. The theater of plants, or an universall and compleate herball. 1640.

Ram, W. Rams little Dodeon. A briefe epitome of Lyte (see above). 1606.

Turner, W. The names of herbes in Greke, Latin, Englishe, Duche and Frenche, with the commune names that herbaries and apotecaries use. (About 1548.)

—— A new herball. 1551. Second part. Cologne, 1562.

(See bibliography to Chap. XVI.)

Natural History, etc.

Bacon, F. Sylva sylvarum: or a naturall historie. 1627.

Goffe, N. The perfect use of silk-wormes. 1607.

Maplet, J. A greene forest, or, naturall historie: wherein may bee seene first the most sufferaigne vertues in all the whole kinde of stones and mettals: next of plants … lastly of brute beastes, foules, etc. 1567.

Moffet, T. Insectorum sive minimorum animalium theatrum. 1634.

S., W. Instructions for the increasing of mulberie trees, and the breeding of silke-wormes for the making of silke in this kingdome. 1609.

Topsell, E. The historie of foure-footed beastes … collected out of all the volumes of Conradus Gesner, etc. 1607.

—— The historie of serpents, or the second book of living creatures. 1608.


Boke of cookery. Pynson, 1500.

Butts, H. Dyets dry dinner. 1599.

Closet (A) for ladies and gentlewomen, or, the art of preserving, conserving, and candying. 1608.

Dawson, T. The good huswifes jewell … most excellent and rare devices for conceites in cookery. 1596.

Murrell, J. A delightfull daily exercise for ladies and gentlewomen. Whereby is set foorth the secrete misteries of the purest preservings in glasses and other confrictionaries. 1621.

—— A new booke of cookerie, with the newest art of carving and serving. (About 1630.)

Plat, H. Delightes for ladies, to adorne their persons, tables, closets, and distillatories. With beauties, bouquets, perfumes, and waters. 1602.

Tasso, T. The householders philosophie. 1558.

Xenophon’s treatise of householde. 1534. (Translated by Gentian Hervet.)


Bolton, E. The elements of armories. 1610.

Book of honor and arms. 1590. (Sir Wm. Segar ?.)

Book of St. Albans. St. Albans (about 1486). (Part III treats of coat-armour.)

Bossewell, J. Workes of armorie. 1572.

Brooke, R. A catalogue and succession of the kings, princes, dukes, marquesses, earles, and viscounts of this realme … with their armes, wives, and children. 1619.

Favine, A. The theater of honour and knight-hood. 1623.

Ferne, J. The blazon of gentrie. 1586.

Guillim, J. A display of heraldrie. 1611 (1610).

Holland, H. Basiliologia … effigies of all our English kings … with their severall coats of arms, impresses, and devices. 1618.

Legh, G. The accedens of armory. 1562.

Milles, T. The catalogue of honor, or tresury of true nobility. 1610.

Peacham, H. The compleat gentleman. 1622. (Contains chapters on heraldry.)

Robinson, R. A rare, true, and proper blazon of coloures in armoryes and ensigns. 1583.

Segar, W. Honor military and civill. 1602.

Wyrley, W. The true use of armorie. 1592. (See, also, Camden, Selden, etc.)