The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume IV. Prose and Poetry: Sir Thomas North to Michael Drayton.

VII. Robert Southwell. Samuel Daniel


Andrews, John. Anatomie of Basenesse. 1615. Rptd. in Grosart’s Fuller Worthies’ Library, vol. II.

Barret, Robert (fl. 1600). For his epic The Sacred Warr, see D. of N. B.


Loves Martyr: or Rosalins Complaint. Allegorically shadowing the truth of Love, in the constant Fate of the Phœnix and Turtle. A Poeme enterlaced with much varietie and raritie; now first translated out of the venerable Italian Torquato Cæliano, by Robert Chester. With the true legend of famous King Arthur.… 1601. Reissued as: The Annals of great Brittaine. Or, A Most Excellent Monument, wherein may be seene all the antiquities of the kingdome.… 1611. Ed. Grosart, A. B. Occ. Issues, vol. VII. 1878. [Cf. Nathaniel Baxter’s Sir Philip Sydney’s Ourania, 1606.]

Sir Robert Chester, Knight, 1566 (?)–1640 (?). This extraordinary collection of poems displays much learning in natural history as understood in its author’s time, much ingenuity in the making of acrostics and very little poetry. The portions concerning the Phoenix and Turtle appear to relate to Elizabeth and Essex. For the title given to it on its reissue there is little excuse, King Arthur being the only historical, or mythological, subject with which it deals. The translation from “Torquato Cæliano” appears to be a pure fiction.


Syr P. S. His Astrophel and Stella. Wherein the excellence of sweet Poesy is concluded. To the end of which are added, sundry other rare Sonnets of divers Noble men and Gentlemen. 1591. (2 issues.)

Delia. Contayning certayne Sonnets. 1592.

Delia … with the complaint of Rosamond. 1592.

Delia and Rosamond augmented. Cleopatra. 1594. Ed. Arber, E. 1877.

The Tragedie of Cleopatra. 1594.

Daniel’s Delia and Drayton’s Idea. Ed. Esdaile, A. 1908. (Contains a bibliography of Delia.)

The first fowre Bookes of the civile wars between the two houses of Lancaster and Yorke. 1595. (Contains also the fifth book, pagination and signatures following consecutively.)

The Poeticall Essayes of Sam. Danyel. Newly corrected and augmented. 1599.

This volume contains: Musophilus: containing a generall defence of learning, 1599; A letter from Octavia to Marcus Antonius, 1599; The Tragedie of Cleopatra, 1599; The first fowre Bookes of the civile wars, etc., 1595.

The Works of Samuel Daniel Newly augmented. 1601, 1602.

This folio contains: A Defence of Ryme: Against a Pamphlet entituled: Observations in the Art of English Poesie, wherein is demonstratively proved, that Ryme is the fittest harmonie of words that comportes with our Language [n.d.], rptd. by Haslewood, J., in Ancient Critical Essays, 1815; and also: A panegyrike congratulatory Delivered to the Kings most excellent majesty at Burleigh Harrington in Rutlandshire; also certaine Epistles. With a Defence of Ryme, heertofore written, and now published by the Author [n.d.].

The Vision of the 12. Goddesses, presented in a maske the 8. of January, at Hampton Court. 1604.

Certaine small poems lately printed: with the Tragedie of Philotas. 1605, 1607.

The Queenes Arcadia. A Pastorall Trage-Comedie presented to her Majestie and her Ladies, by the Universitie of Oxford in Christs Church, in August last. 1605, 1606.

A Funerall Poeme uppon the Death of the late noble Earle of Devonshyre. [n.d., 1606.]

The Civile Wares betweene the Howses of Lancester and Yorke. 1609.

Tethys Festival: or The Queenes Wake. Celebrated at Whitehall, the fifth day of June 1610. 1610.

Hymens’ Triumph. A Pastorall Tragicomaedie. Presented at the Queenes Court on the Strand at her Majesties magnificent intertainement of the Kings most excellent Majestie, being at the Nuptials of the Lord Roxborough. 1615.

The whole workes of Samuel Daniel Esquire in Poetrie. 1623.

The Complete Works in verse and prose of Samuel Daniel. Ed. Grosart, A. B. Five volumes. 1885.

A Selection from the Poetry of Samuel Daniel & Michael Drayton. Ed. Beeching, H. C. 1899.

Inedited poems of Samuel Daniel. Philobiblon Society. Bibliographical and Historical Miscellanies. Vol. II. 1854.


Mirum in modum. A Glimpse of Gods Glorie and the Soules Shape. Eyes must be bright, or else no eyes at all Can see this sight, much more then mysticall. 1602.

Microcosmos. The Discovery of the Little World, with the government thereof. Oxford, 1603.

Humours Heav’n on Earth; With the Civile Warres of Death and Fortune. As also The Triumph of Death: Or, The Picture of the Plague, according to the Life; as it was in Anno Domini. 1603. 1605.

Bien Venu. Greate Britaines Welcome to her greate friendes, and deere brethren the Danes. 1606.

Summa Totalis or, All in All, and the same for ever: Or, an Addition to Mirum in Modum. 1607.

The Holy Roode, or Christs Crosse: Containing Christ Crucified, described in Speaking-picture. 1609.

Humours Heav’n on Earth: With the Civile Warres of Death and Fortune. As also The Triumph of Death: Or, The Picture of the Plague, according to the Life; as it was in Anno Domini 1603. 1609.

Wittes Pilgrimage, (by Poeticall Essaies) Through a World of amorous Sonnets, Soule-passions, and other Passages, Divine, Philosophicall, Morall, Poeticall and Politicall. [1610.]

The Scourge of Folly. Consisting of satyricall Epigrams, And others in honour of many noble Persons and worthy friends, together, With a pleasant (though discordant) Descant upon most English Proverbs and others. [1611–12?.]

The Muse’s Sacrifice, or Divine Meditations. 1612.

The Muses Teares for the losse of their hope; heroick and nere-too-much praised, Henry, Prince of Wales, &c. Together with Times Sobs for the untimely death of his Glory in that his Darling: and lastly, his Epitaphs. Consecrated To the hight and mighty Prince, Frederick the fift, Count Palatine of Rhoyn. &c. Whereunto is added, Consolatory Straines to wrest Nature from her bent in immoderate mourning. 1613.

A Select Second Husband for Sir Thomas Overburie’s Wife, now a matchlesse widow. 1617.

The Complete Works of John Davies of Hereford (15..–1618). Ed. Grosart, A. B. 2 vols. 1878.

Les Oeuvres Poetiques et Chretiennes de G. de Saluste, Seigneur du Bartas. 2 vols. [Paris.] 1598.

Chertsey Worthies’ Library. The Complete works of Joshuah Sylvester. Ed. Grosart, A. B. 2 vols. 1880.


A Cornish clergyman (1575?–1637) educated at Cambridge, who wrote much Latin verse. His work was well known to, and much admired by, his poetical contemporaries.

Sir Francis Drake, His Honorable lifes commendation, and his Tragicall Deathes lamentations. Oxford, 1596.

A very long poem in rime royal, full of classical allusion; dignified and scholarly, rather than poetical.

The Blessed Birth-day, celebrated in some religious meditations on the Angels Anthem. Luc. 2. 14. Also Holy Transportations in contemplating some of the most observable adjuncts about our Saviours Nativity. The second Edition with Additions. Oxford, 1636.

In rimed couplets of decasyllables: a work of considerable accomplishment and religious and poetical fervour.

Poems. Ed. Grosart, A. B. Manchester, 1881.


The History of Joseph the Chaiste composed in balladde royall crudely: largely derived from the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. In two parts. MS. Part I in the library of University College, Oxford; Part II in British Museum, Royal Library, 18. C. xiii. Partially ptd. in Second Grisilde, v. inf.

A Notable warke called the pleasaunt poesye of princelie practise, composed of late in meatre royall by the symple and unlearned sir William forrest preeiste, muche parte collecte owte of A booke entiteled The governaunce of noblemen, which booke the wise philosopher Aristotele wrote too his discyple Alexandre the great and mightie Conqueroure. 1548. British Museum, Royal Library, 17. D. iii. Partially ptd. in England in the Reign of King Henry VIII. Part I. Starkey’s Life and Letters. Ed. Herrtage, S. J. Early English Text Society. 1878.

A metrical version of fifty of the Psalms. British Museum, Royal Library. 17. A. xxi. Partially ptd. in Second Grisilde. v. inf.

A New Ballade of the Marigolde. Rptd. in Harl. Misc. x, 253, 1813.

Paternoster and Te Deum in English Verse. In Foxe’s Actes and Monuments, 1563.

A true and moste notable Historye of a right noble and famous ladye produced in Spayne, intytuled, the Seconde Grisilde, practiced not longe out of this tyme, in muche parte tragedous, as delectable bothe to Heearers and Readers. MS. in Bodleian library. Ptd. by Roxburghe Club. Ed. Macray, W. D. 1875.

An Oration consolatorye to Marye oure Queene. In same MS. as preceding entry, and ptd. as above.

The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary with other poems. British Museum, Harl. MSS. 1703. Ptd. as above.

William Forrest (fl. 1581) was a Catholic priest, chaplain to queen Mary, and probably holder of an office in Wolsey’s new college of Christ Church, Oxford. His most important poem, the Seconde Grisilde, presented by him to Mary in 1558, is a narrative of the divorce of her mother, queen Catherine of Arragon. His poems are interesting rather for the light they throw on the theological and social history of his times than for their merits as poetry. Forrest was a friend of Alexander Barclay, whom he mentions in the prologue to the second part of the Pleasaunt poesye of princelie practise. He was a musician, and the owner of copies of much good music of his day; his collection is now at Oxford.


The Lamentations of Amintas for the Death of Phillis; paraphrastically translated out of Latine into English Hexameteres. 1587, etc.

The Countesse of Pembrokes Yvychurch. Conteining the affectionate life, and unfortunate death of Phillis and Amyntas; That in a Pastorall; This in a Funerall: both in English Hexameters. 1591.

The Countesse of Pembrokes Emanuel. Conteining the Nativity, Passion, Buriall, and Resurrection of Christ: togeather with certaine Psalmes of David. All in English Hexameters. 1591.

The third part of the Countesse of Pembrokes Yvychurch: entitled, Amintas Dale. Wherein are the most conceited tales of the Pagan Gods in English Hexameters: together with their auncient descriptions and Philosophical explications. 1592.

See, also, D. of N. B., 1908, vol. VII, s.v. Fraunce, Abraham; and the introduction to Victoria, a Latin comedy, ed. Moore Smith, G. C., 1906, in Materialien zur Kunde des älteren englischen Dramas, vol. XIV.


Saint Peters Complaint, with other Poemes. 1595. Also Edinburgh, [1595?.]

Saint Peters Complaint, newly augmented with other Poems. I live to dy: I dy to live. Printed by H. L. for William Leake: and are to be sold at his shop in Paules Churchyard, at the signe of the holy Ghost. [n.d.] Also 1602, 1620.

Mæoniae, or, certaine excellent Poems and spirituall Hymnes: Omitted in the last Impression of Peters Complaint; being needefull thereunto to be annexed, as being both Divine and Wittie. All composed by R. S. 1595.

[A?] Foure-fould meditation, of the foure last things: viz.

1 2 3 4 of the Houre of Death. Day of Judgement. Paines of Hell. Joyes of Heaven.

Shewing the estate of the Elect and Reprobate. Composed in a Divine Poeme. 1606. Ed. Edwards, C. 1895. (Isham Reprints, No. 4.)

Poetical Works. Ed. Turnbull, W. B. 1856.

Complete Poems of Robert Southwell, S. J. Ed. Grosart, A. B. 1872.


Albions England. Or Historical Map of the same Island: prosecuted from the lives, Actes and Labors of Saturne, Jupiter, Hercules, and Æneas: Originalles of the Bruton, and Englishmen, and occasion of the Brutons their first aryvall in Albion.… With Historicall Intermixtures, Invention, and Varietie proffitably, briefly and pleasantly performed in Verse and Prose. 1586. Revised and enlarged 1589, etc. and in 1612 with the addition of the Epitome (in prose) of the whole history of England. Rptd., Chalmers, Eng. Poets, vol. IV, 1810. [See, also, Letters of Charles Lamb, ed. Ainger, A., 1888, II, 93.]


Courthope, W. J. A History of English Poetry. Vols. II (1904) and III (1903).

Fleay, F. G. On the career of Samuel Daniel. Anglia, vol. XI, p. 619. 1889.

—— A Biographical Chronicle of the English Drama, 1559–1642. 2 vols. 1891.

Hannay, D. The Later Renaissance. Edinburgh. 1898.

Isaac, H. Wie weit geht die Abhängigkeit Shakspere’s von Daniel als Lyriker? Shakespere Jahrbuch, XVII, p. 165. 1882.

Prideaux, W. F. Daniel’s Delia, 1592. Athenæum, No. 3952, 25 July, 1903.

Quiller-Couch, A. T. Adventures in Criticism. 1896.

Saintsbury, G. A History of Elizabethan Literature. 1890.

—— A History of English Prosody. Vols. I (1906) and II (1908.)