The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume IV. Prose and Poetry: Sir Thomas North to Michael Drayton.

IV. The Literature of the Sea


Allison, Thomas. An Account of a Voyage from Archangel in Russia in the year 1697. Of the ship and company wintering near the North Cape, their manner of living, and what they suffered by the extreme cold. 1699. (Reprinted in Pinkerton’s Voyages.)

Archdeacon, Daniel. A True Discourse of the Armie which the King of Spaine Caused to bee assembled in the Haven of Lisbon, in the Kingdom of Portugall, in the Yeare 1588, against England. Trans. 1588.

Ashe, Thomas. Carolina; or a Description of the Present State of that Country, and the Natural Excellencies thereof. 1682.

Ashley, Anthony. The Mariner’s Mirrour. An English translation of the Speculum Nauticum by Lucas Wagenaar (published in 1583). 1588.

Bedwell, William. The Way to Geometry, being necessary and usefull for Astronomers, Geographers, Land-Meters, Sea-Men, Engineers, Architecks, Carpenters, Paynters, Carvers, etc. (Translated from the Latin of Peter Ramus.) 1636.

Best, George. A true discourse of the late voyages of discoverie for the finding of a passage to Cathaya by the north-weast under the conduct of Martin Frobisher, Generall. 1578.

Bilberg, John. A Voyage of the late King of Sweden, and another of the Mathematicians sent by him, in which are discovered the Refraction of the Sun, etc. 1698.

Billingsley, Sir Henry. The Elements of Geometrie of the most ancient philosopher Euclide of Megara. (Trans.) With a preface by John Dee. 1570.

Binning, Thomas. A Light to the Art of Gunnery Wherein is laid down the True Weight of Powder both for Proof and Action, of all Sorts of Great Ordnance. Also the True Ball, and Allowance for Wind, With the most necessary Conclusions for the Practice of Gunnery, either in the Sea or Land Service. Likewise the Ingredients, and making of the most necessary Fire-Works. 1676.

Blagrave, John. The Mathematical Jewel, shewing the making, and most excellent use of a singular Instrument so called: in that it performeth with wonderfull dexteritie, whatsoever is to be done, either by Quadrant, Ship, Circle, Cylinder, Ring, Dyall, Horoscope, Astrolabe, Sphere, Globe, or any such like heretofore devised: yea or by most tables commonly extant: and that generally to all places from Pole to Pole … by John Blagrave of Reading Gentleman, and well willer to Mathematicks, who hath cut all the prints or pictures of the whole works with his owne hands. 1585. Imprinted by Walter Venge, dwelling in Fleetelane over against the Maidenhead. (One of the earliest English books on mathematics.)

Blount, Sir Henry. A Voyage into the Levant. 1636.

Blundevile, M. His Exercises, containing six treatises in Cosmographie, Astronomie, and Geographie, as also in the Art of Navigation. 1594, etc.

Bond, Henry. The Boatswain’s Art. 1670.

Bonoeil, John. His Majesty’s Gracious Letter to the Earle of Southampton, Treasurer, and to the Councell and Company of Virginia heere: commanding the present setting up of silk works, and planting of vines in Virginia. 1622.

Boothby, Richard. A Briefe Discovery or Description, Of the most Famous Island of Madagascar. 1646.

Boteler, Nathaniel. Six Dialogues about Sea-Services between an High Admiral and a Captain at Sea. 1685.

Bourne, William. A Regiment of the Sea. 1573.

—— Inventions and Devices. 1578.

—— The Arte of Shooting in Great Ordnaunce. 1587.

—— The Safeguard of Sailors: or, a Sure Guide for Coasters. Describing the Sea-Coasts of England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Flanders, Holland, Jutland and Norway. With Directions for bringing a Ship into the principal Harbours. 1677. (Possibly by a son of the elder Bourne.)

Browne, John. A Briefe Description of the whole world. 1599. Another ed. 1605. (Translated from the Italian of Giovanni Botero.)

Brugis, Thomas. Vade Mecum, or Companion for a Chirurgion fitted for Sea or Land, Peace or War, showing the use of Instruments and Virtues of Simples and Compounds. 1681.

Budd, Thomas. Good Order Established in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, in America. Being a true account of the Country; with its Produce and Commodities there made.… 1685.

Bullock, William. Virginia, Impartially examined, and left to publick view, to be considered by all Judicious and honest men. Under which Title, is comprehended the Degrees from 34 to 39, wherein lies the rich and healthful Countries of Roanock, the new Plantations of Virginia and Maryland. 1649.

Burrough, Sir John. The Sovereignty of the Seas. 1633.

Bushnell, Edmund. The Complete Shipwright. 1664.

Catameo, G. Most Briefe Tables to know readily how many rancks of Footemen armed with Corslettes go to the making of a just battaille from an hundred, to twenty thousand, also an approved way to arme a battaile with Harkabuzers and Winges of Horsemen. Trans. 1588.

Childe, L. A Short Compendium of the new and much enlarged Sea-Book, or Pilot’s Sea Mirror: containing the distances and thwart courses of the Eastern, Northern, and Western Navigation. 1663. (The copy in Brit. Mus. contains a catalogue of works on Navigation.)

Clark, S. The Life and Death of Sir Francis Drake. 1671.

Colson, Nathaniel. The Mariner’s New Kalendar, with Description and use of the Sea-Quadrant, a Rutter for the coasts of England, France, etc. and directions for Sailing into some Principal Harbours. 1697.

Columne, Jacob. The Fierie Sea-Columne, wherein are shewed the Seas, and Sea-Coasts, of the Northern, Eastern, and Western Navigation, manifestly inlightened, and the failings and mistakes of the former Licht or Sea-Mirrour amended. 1640.

Coryate, Thomas. Coryats Crudities, Hastilie gobled up in five Moneths Travells in France, Savoy, Italy, Rhetia … Helvetia … Germany and the Netherlands, newly digested in the hungrie aire of Odcombe in the County of Somerset and now dispersed to the nourishment of the travelling members of this kingdome. 1611. Rptd., 2 vols. Glasgow, 1905.

—— Coryats Cramb, or his Colwort twise sodden, and now served with other Macaronicke dishes as the second course to his Crudities. 1611.

—— The Odcombian Banquet: Dished foorth by Thomas the Coriat, and served in by a number of Noble Wits in praise of his Crudities and Cramb, too. Asinus, Portans, Mysteria. 1611.

—— Thomas Coriate, Traveller for the English Wits: Greeting. From the Court of the Great Mogul, Resident at the Towne of Asmere, in Easterne India. 1616.

Coverte, Robert. A True and Almost Incredible Report of an Englishman, that (being cast away in the good ship, called the Assention, in Cambaya, the farthest part of the East Indies,) travelled by lande through many unknowne Kingdomes, and great Cities. With a discoverie of a Great Emperor, called the Great Mogull, a Prince not till now known to our English nation. 1614.

Crosfeild, Robert. England’s Glory Revived, demonstrated in several prepositions, showing an easy method for fully manning the Royal Navy with saylers without charge or obstruction to trade. 1693.

Cumberland, Earl of. Voyage to the Azores, etc. 1599.

Davies, John (trans.). The Voyages and Travels of the Ambassadors from the Duke of Holstein to the Duke of Moscovy and King of Persia, 1632 to 1639, containing a complete Historie of Moscovy, Tartary, Persia, and other adjacent countries By Adam Olearius. 1662.

—— (trans.). The Voyage and Travels of J. Albert de Mendelslo into the East Indies, 1638 to 1640, containing a Description of the Great Mogul’s Empire, Philippine and other Islands, Japan, etc. 1662.

—— (trans.). The History of Algiers, and its Slavery, with many Remarkable Particularities of Africk, written by the Sieur Emanuel D’Aranda, some time a Slave there. 1666.

Davys, John. The Seaman’s Secrets. Divided into 2 partes, wherein is taught the three kindes of sayling, horizontell, paradoxall and sayling upon a great circle. 1594, 1607, 1626.

—— The Worlde’s Hydrographical Description, wherein is proved … that the worlde in all his zones … is habitable … and in seas … navigable … whereby appears that … there is a short … passage into the South Seas to China … and India by Northerly Navigations, etc. 1595.

Dee, John. The Perfect Arte of Navigation. 1577.

De Palacio Garcia. Instruction Nauthica, Para El Buen Uso, y regimiento de las Naos, fu traça, y govierno conforme à la altura de Mexico. 1587. (The first printed book on shipbuilding.)

Drake, Sir Francis, Bart. Sir Francis Drake Revived, who is or may be a pattern to stir up all heroicke and active spirits of these times … being a summary and true relation of four severall voyages made by the said Sir Francis Drake to the West Indies. 1626.

Drayton, Michael. Poly-Olbion. 1613. Second part. 1622.

Dunton, John. A True Journall of the Sally Fleet, with the proceedings of the voyage. 1637. (Annexed is a list of the names of the captives in Sallee.)

Eden, Richard. A Treatyse of the newe India with other new founde landes and Islands, as well eastwarde as westwarde, as they are knowen and founde in these our dayes, after the description of Sebastian Munster. 1553. (Translated from the Latin.)

—— The Decades of the Newe Worlde or West India; conteyning the Navigations and Conquestes of the Spanyardes; with particular description of the most ryche and large Landes and Islandes lately found in the West Ocean perteyning to the inheritance of the Kinges of Spayne; written in the Latine tounge by Peter Martyr of Angleria, and translated into Englysshe, 1555. Imprynted in Lumbard streete at the signe of the Cradle by Edwarde Sutton. 1555. [See also Lok.]

—— The Arte of Navigation, conteyning a compendious description of the Sphere with the makynge of certen Instrumentes and Rules for Navigations. 1561. (Translated from the Spanish of Martin Cortes.)

—— The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies, and other Countreys lying either way, towards the fruitfull and ryche Moluccaes; as Moscovia, Persia, Arabia, Syria, Ægypte, Ethiopia, Guinea, China in Cathayo and Giapan; with a discourse of the Northwest Passage; … finished by Richarde Willies. 1577.

Elton, Richard, and Rudd, Thomas. The Complete Body of the Art Military, in three bookes, by Richard Elton. To which are added the Arming and Exercising of Cavalry, the Practick Part of the Art of Gunnery, etc., by Captain Thomas Rudd. 1668.

Erondelle, Peter. Nova Francia: or the Description of that part of New France, which is one continent with Virginia. Translated from the French of M. Lescarbot. 1609.

Esquemeling, John. The Bucaniers of America, or a True Account of the most remarkable Assaults committed upon the Coasts of the West Indies By the bucaniers of Jamaica and Tortuga. (Translated from the Spanish.) 1684. (The original in Dutch was first published in 1678. The second edition, published in the same year, contains additional matter.)

Evelyn, John. Navigation and Commerce, their Original and Progress. Containing a Succinct Account of Traffick in General … with special Regard to the English Nation: their several Voyages and Expeditions, to the Beginning of our late Differences with Holland, etc. 1674.

Everett, George. Encouragement for Seamen and Mariners. Being a method for the more speedy and effectual furnishing their Majesties’ Navy with Seamen and Mariners, etc. 1695.

Fletcher, Francis. The World Encompassed, by Sir Francis Drake, being his next voyage to that to Nombre de Dios, formerly imprinted; carefully collected out of the notes of Master Francis Fletcher. 1628. (Reprinted in 1635 and 1653, and also by the Hakluyt Society.)

Fletcher, Giles. Of the Russe Common Wealth. 1591.

Fox, Luke. North-West Fox, or, Fox from the North-west passage … with briefe Abstracts of the Voyages of Cabot, Frobisher, Davis, Waymouth, Knight, Hudson, Button, Gibbons, Bylot, Baffin, Hawkridge … Mr. James Hall’s three Voyages to Groynland.… Demonstrated in a Polar Card … With the Author, his owne Voyage, being the XVIth. 1635.

Frobisher, Martin. A True Reporte of the Laste Voyage (the Second) into the West and Northwest Regions, etc., in 1577, worthily atchieved by Captaine Frobisher of the Sayde Voyage the First Finder and Generall. 1577.

—— A True Reporte of the Third and Last Voyage into Meta incognita; 1578. Written by Thomas Ellis, Sailer. Imprinted at the Three Cranes in the Vintree by Thos. Dawson. 1578.

—— A Prayse and Reporte of Maister Martyne Forboishers (sic) Voyage to Meta Incognita.… Now Spoken of by Thomas Churchyarde, Gentleman. 1578.

Frobisher, Sir Martin. De Martini Forbisseri Angli Navigatione in Regiones Occidentis et Septentrionis Narratio historica, Ex Gallico sermone in Latinum translata per D. Joan. 1580. (The first Latin edition of Frobisher’s second voyage in 1577.)

Gage, Thomas. A New Survey of the West Indies, or the English American, his Travail by Sea and Land, etc. 1648.

Gellibrand, Henry. An Epitome of Navigation, containing the doctrine of plain and spherical triangles, and their use and application in plain sailing. 1674.

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey. A Discourse of a Discoverie for a new passage to Cataia. 1576.

Godolphin, John. View of the Admiral Jurisdiction, also divers of the Laws, Customs, Rights, and Privileges of the High Admiralty of England. 1685.

Gorges, William. Observations and Overtures for a Sea Fight upon our own Coast. 1618.

Grassi, Giacomo. Gia Coco Di Grassi His True Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and Perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Master may safelie handle all sorts of Weapons as well offensive as defensive. Englished by I. G. Printed at London for I. I. and are to be sold within Temple Barre at the Signe of the Hand and Starre. 1594.

Gray, D. The Storehouse of Brevitie in Woorkes of Arithmetic, Containyng as well the soundrie Parts of the Science in whole and broken Numbers, with the Rules of proportion, furthered to profitable use. 1577. (Mentioned by Hawkins.)

Guildford, Sir R. Pilgrimage to the Holy Land. 1506. Ed. Ellis, Sir H. Camden Soc. 1851.

Gunter, Edmund. Workes, containing the Description of the Sector, Crossstaff, and other instruments: with a cannon of Artificial Sines and Tangents. Together with a new Treatise on Fortification. 1653.

Hagthorpe, John. England’s Exchequer; or, a Discourse of the Sea and Navigation. 1625.

Hakluyt, Richard. Divers Voyages touching the Discoverie of America and the Islands adjacent unto the same, made first of all by our Englishmen and afterwards by the Frenchmen and Britons. 1582.

—— A notable historie containing foure voyages made by certayne French captains unto Florida … newly trans.… by R. H. 1587.

—— The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation made by Sea or Over Land to the most remote and farthest distant quarters of the earth at any time within the compasse of these 1500 yeeres, … devided into three severall partes … whereunto is added the last most renowned English Navigation, round about the whole globe of the earth. Geo. Bishop and R. Newberie deputies to Chr. Barker. 1589. New ed. The navigations at any time within the compass of these 1600 yeeres. Vol. I, 1598; vol. II, 1599; vol. III, 1600. Later editions 1809–12 (5 vols.), 1884–90 (16 vols.). Hakluyt Society, extra series, 1903 et seq. (12 vols.), and Glasgow, 1903–5.

—— The Discoverie of the world from their originall unto the yeere of our Lord, 1555, trans. from the Portuguese of Antonio Galvano, published in English by Richard Hakluyt. 1601.

—— Virginia Richly valued, by the description of the maine land of Florida, her next neighbour: out of the foure yeeres continuall travell and discoverie, … of Don Ferdinando de Soto … wherein are truly observed the riches and fertilitie of those parts, abounding with things necessarie, pleasant, and profitable for the life of man: with the natures and dispositions of the Inhabitants, … trans. by Richard Hakluyt, … 1609.

Hale, Thomas. An Account of New Inventions and Improvements made necessary for England, relating to English Shipping, Naval Philosophy, etc. 1691.

Hammond, W. A Paradox, proving that the Inhabitants of the Isle called Madagascar or Saint Laurence (in Temporall Things) are the Happiest People in the World, … with most Probable Arguments of a Hopeful and Fit Plantation of a Colony there in respect of the fruitfulnesse of the Soyle, the benignity of the ayre, and the Relieving of our English Ships, both to and from the East Indies. 1640.

Harcourt, Robert. A Relation of a Voyage to Guiana. Describing the Climat, Situation, Fertilitie, Provisions, and Commodities, of that Country, containing Seven Provinces, and other Signiories within that Territory: together with the manners, customs, behaviour, and dispositions of the people. 1613.

Harwood, Sir Edward. The Advice of that worthy commander. Written by King Charles his command upon occasion of the French King’s Preparation. Also a relation of his life and death, (by Hugh Peters) with divers remarkable instructions written by the late and ever famous Earl of Essex. All tending to the Securing and Fortifying of this Kingdom, both by sea and land. 1642.

Hawkins, John. A True Declaration of the troublesome Voyage of M. John Haukins to the Partes of Guynea and the West Indies, in the Yeares of Our Lord 1567 and 1568. 1569.

Hawkins, Sir Richard. The Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins, Knight, in his Voiage into the South Sea, 1593. 1622.

Hellowes, E. The Art of Navigation. 1560. (Trans. of the work of A. Guevara.)

Heylyn, Peter. Microcosmus. A little description of the Great World, augmented and revised. 1625, etc.

Heywood, Thomas. A True Description of His Majesty’s Royall Ship, built this yeare at Woolwich. 1637.

Hickeringill, E. Jamaica Viewed with all the Ports, Harbours and their Several Soundings, Towns and Settlements thereunto belonging, together with the nature of its climate, fruitfulness of the soile, and its suitablenesse to English Complexions, etc. 1661.

Hodges, William. Ruin to Ruin after Misery to Misery, wherein is shown that tens of thousands of men have five or six years pay due, with proposals for paying them. 1699.

Hodgetts, John. Terra Australis Incognita; or a new Southerne Discoverie, containing a fifth part of the World. Lately found out by Ferdinand De Quir, a Spanish captaine. 1617.

Hood, Thomas. The Mariner’s Guide. 1592.

Hynde, S. Iter Lusitanicum: or the Portugal Voyage, with what Memorable Passages Intervened at the shipping, and in the transportation of Queen Catherine from Lisbon to England. 1662.

James, Captain Thomas. Strange and Dangerous Voyage, … in his intended discovery of the North West Passage into the South Sea, etc. 1633.

James, Duke of York and Albany, Lord High Admiral. Instructions for the better ordering H. M. Fleet in Sailing. 1660.

—— Orders establisht for the well government of H. M. ships. 1670.

Jenner, Thomas. A Description and Plate of the Sea Coasts of England, from London, up all the River of Thames, all along the coast to Newcastle and so to Edinburgh, all along Scotland, the Orchades, and Hitland, where the Dutch Begin their Fishing. Unto which is added, a list containing the monthly wages of all officers, sea-men, and others serving in the States’ ships at sea; and as to the wages to common sea-men, to their share in Prizes, etc. 1653.

Jobson, Richard. The Golden Trade: or a discovery of the River Gambra and the trade of the Aethiopians. 1623. (Early travel and trade on the west coast of Africa.)

Johnson, Robert. The Traveller’s Breviat, or an Historicall Description of the most famous Kingdomes in the World, … trans. 1601. (The countries described are Poland, Turkey, Spain, Netherland, England, France, Japan, China, etc.)

—— Nova Britannia. Offering most excellent fruits by Planting in Virginia. 1609. Second part. 1612.

Josselyn, John. An account of two voyages to New England. Wherein you have the setting out of a ship, with the charges, the prices of all necessaries for furnishing a Planter and his family at his first coming; etc. 1674.

Knolles, Richard. The General Historie of the Turkes from the first beginning of that nation to the rising of the Othoman Familie. 1603.

Lea, James. An Answer to the Untruthes published and printed in Spaine in glory of their supposed Victorie achieved against our English Navie and Charles Lord Howard, Lord High Admiral. 1589.

Leybourn, William. Nine Geometrical Exercises for Young Seamen and others that are studious in mathematical practices. 1669.

—— Pan Organon, or an Universal Instrument performing all such conclusions Geometrical and Astronomical as are usually wrought by the Globes, Spheres, Sectors, Quadrants, Planispheres, or other the like instruments, yet in being, with ease and exactness in the practice of Geometry, Astronomy, Dialling, Geography, Trigonometry, Projection, etc. 1672.

Linton, A. Newes of the Complement of the Art of Navigation, and of the Mighty Empire of Cataya, together with the Strait of Anian. 1609.

Lok, M. De Novo Orbe, or the Historie of the West Indies, Contayning the actes and adventures of the Spanyardes, which have conquered and peopled those Countries: inriched with varietie of pleasant relations of the Manners, Ceremonies, Lawes, Governments, and Warres of the Indians. Comprised in eight decades. Written by Peter Martyr, a Millanoise of Angleria, chief secretary to the Emperor. Whereof three, have beene formerly translated into English by R. Eden, whereunto the other five, are newly added by M. Lok. 1612, 1620.

Manwayring, Sir. H. The Sea-Man’s Dictionary: or, an Exposition and Demonstration of all the parts and things belonging to a ship. 1644.

Marten, Anthony. An Exhortation to stirre up the mindes of all her Majesties faithful Subjects, to Defend Their Countrey, in this dangerous time, from the invasion of enemies, … Imprinted by John Windet, and are to be sold in Paules Church-yard, at the Brasen Serpent. 1588.

Maydman, Henry. Naval Speculations and Maritime Politicks: being a Modest and Brief Discourse of the Royal Navy of England; of its Oeconomy and Government, and a Projection for an everlasting Seminary of Seamen, by a Royal Maritime Hospital, etc. 1691.

Medows, Sir P. Observations concerning the Dominion and Sovereignty of the Seas. 1689.

Molloy, Charles. De Jure Maritimo et Navali, or a Treatise of Affairs Maritime and of Commerce in three Books. 1676.

Moryson, F. An Itinerary, containing his Ten Years’ Travell through the Twelve Dominions of Germany, France, England, Scotland and Ireland, etc. 1617. Rptd., 4 vols. Glasgow, 1907.

Moxon, Joseph. A Tutor to Astronomie and Geographie. Or an Easie and Speedy Way to know the Use of both the Globes, celestial and terrestrial. 1670.

Moyle, John. Chirurgus Marinus, or, the Sea Chirurgion, being instructions to junior Chirurgic Practitioners who design to serve at sea in this imploy. 1699.

Narborough, Sir John. The Mariner’s Jewel, a dictionary of naval terms. 1695.

Navy List. Gloria Britannica, or The Boast of the British Seas, containing a True and Full Account of the Royal Navy of England, Shewing where each Ship was Built, by whom, and when, its Length, Breadth, Depth, Draught of Water, Tons, the Number of Men and Guns, both in Peace and War, at Home and Abroad, together with every Man’s Pay, from a Captain to a Cabin-Boy, truly calculated and Cast up, for a Day, a Week, a Month, and a Kalendar Year, or 13 Months and 1 Day. Carefully Collected and Digested by a True Lover of the Seamen. 1689. (Probably the first Navy List.)

Newhouse, Captain. The Whole Art of Navigation. 1685.

Nicholas, T. The Pleasant Historie of the Conquest of the Weast India, now called Newe Spayne. Trans. by T. Nicholas. 1578.

Nicholl, John. An Houre Glasse of Indian Newes. 1607.

Nixon, Anthony (fl. 1602). The Three English Brothers. Sir Thomas Sherley his Travels. 1607. (For other pamphlets, see D. of N. B.)

Norman, Robert. The Safeguard of Sailors: or Great Rutter. Containing the Courses, Distances, Depthes, Soundings, Floudes and Ebbes, with the markes for the entringes of sundry Harboroughs bothe of England, France, Spaine, Ireland, Flaunders, and the Sounds of Denmark, with other necessarye Rules of common Navigation. Trans. 1587.

Norton, Robert. The Gunner: showing the whole practice of Artillery by Sea and Land. 1628.

Norwood, Richard. The Sea-Man’s Practice, Contayning a Fundamentall Probleme in Navigation, experimentally verified, etc. 1644.

Nye, Nathaniel. The Art of Gunnery. 1648.

Oughtred, William. Mathematical Recreations: or, a collection of Many Problems extracted out of the Ancient and Modern Philosophers: as, Secrets and Experiments in Arithmetick, Geometrie, Horologiography, Navigation, Chymistry, Water-Works, Fire-Works, etc. 1674.

Palmer, Roger, Earl of Castlemaine. A Short and True Account of the material passages in the war between the English and the Dutch. 1671.

Pepys, Samuel. Memoirs relating to the State of the Royal Navy of England for ten years, determined December, 1688. 1690.

Perkins, Peter. The Seaman’s Tutor: explaining Geometry, Cosmography, and Trigonometry.… Compiled for the Use of the Mathematical School in Christ’s Hospital London. (This is the first navigation classbook used in the Bluecoat school, and has for a frontispiece a plate of “One of the Children Educated in Xts Hospitall.”)

Phillip, William. John H. van Linschoten. His Discours of Voyages into ye Easte and Weste Indies. An English translation. 1598.

—— The True and Perfect Description of Three Voyages, so Strange and Wonderful that the like hath never been heard of before. The voyages of Barents. Translated from the Dutch. 1609.

Phillippes, Henry. The Geometrical Sea-Man, or the Art of Navigation, performed by Geometry, shewing how all the three kinds of Sayling, viz., by Plain Chart, Mercator’s Chart, or a Great Circle, may be easily and exactly performed by a Plain Ruler and a Pair of Compasses without Arithmeticall Calculation. 1652.

Polter, R. The Pathway to Perfect Sayling. 1605.

Purchas, Samuel. Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrimes, contayning a History of the World, in Sea voyages and lande Travells, by Englishmen and others, etc. 1625. Rptd., 20 vols. Glasgow, 1905.

—— His Pilgrimage, or Relations of the World and the Religions, observed in all Ages and Places Discovered. 1613.

Ralegh, Sir Walter. [See bibliography to Chap. III.]

Recorde, Robert. The Whetstone of Witte, whiche is the seconde parte of Arithmeticke: containyng thextraction of rootes: the Cossike practice with the rule of Equation: and the woorkes of Surde numbers. 1557. (Early English book on Algebra.)

Rich, Barnabe. Allarme to England, foreshowing what Perilles are Procured, where the people live without regarde of Martiall Lawe, with a short discourse conteyning The Decay of Warlike Discipline convenient to be perused by Gentlemen, such as are desirous by Service to seeke their owne deserved prayse, and the Preservation of their Countrey. 1578.

Rich, Richard. Newes from Virginia. 1610. Rptd. 1865, 1874.

Robinson, Richard. A Learned and True Assertion of the Original Life, Actes and Death of the most Noble, Valiant, and Renouned Prince Arthure, King of Great Brittaine, who succeeding his Father Uther Pendrageon, and right nobly governing this Land sixe and twentie yeares, then dyed of a mortall wounde receyved in battell, together with victory over his enemies, as appeareth cap. 9, and was buried at Glastonbury, cap. 12, an. 543; trans. from the Latin of John Leyland. 1582.

Rosier, James. A True Relation of the most prosperous voyage made this present year 1605, by Captain George Waymouth in the discoverie of the land of Virginia, etc. 1605.

St. Lo, Captain George, R. N. England’s Safety: or a Bridle to the French King. 1693.

—— England’s Interest: or, a Discipline for Seamen. 1694.

Saltonstall, Wye. Historia Mundi, or Mercator’s Atlas, containing his Cosmographicall Description of the Fabricke and Figure of the World. 1637.

Sandys, George. A Relation of a Journey Begun An. Dom. 1610. Foure Bookes, containing a Description of the Turkish Empire, of Aegypt, of the Holy Land, of the Remote Parts of Italy and Islands Adjoyning, etc. 1615 ff.

Savery, Thomas. Navigation Improved, or the Art of Rowing Ships of all Rates in Calms, with a more easy, swift, and steady motion than Oars can. Also Description of the Engine that performs it. 1698.

Saville, Captain Henry. A Libell of Spanish Lies: found at the Sacke of Cales, discoursing the fight in the West Indies twixt the English Navie, being fourteene Ships and Pinasses and a fleete of twentie saile of the King of Spaine, and of the death of Sir Francis Drake. With an answer briefely confuting the Spanish lies, and a short Relation of the fight according to Truth. 1596.

Selden, John. Mare Clausum: (the Right and Dominion of the Seas) 1635. Translated into English by M. N. 1652.

Seller, John. Atlas Maritimus, or Sea Atlas, describing most of the known parts of the world. 1675.

—— Coasting Pilot, describing the coasts of England, Flanders, and Holland. 1673.

—— The English Pilot. 1671.

Smith, Captain John. The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles: with the names of the Adventurers, Planters, and Governours from their first beginning, An: 1584 to this present 1624.… Also the Maps and Descriptions of all those Countryes, their Commodities, people, Government, Customes, and Religion yet knowne. 1624 ff. (See ed. Arber, E., 1884; rptd., Glasgow, 1907; and also cf. Captain John Smith, by Bradley, A. G., 1905.)

—— The Sea Grammar and Accidence for Young Seamen. 1626–7. (Amplified into The Seaman’s Grammar: containing most pleasing and easie directions, etc., 1653.)

Smith, Sir T. Voiage and Entertainment in Rushia. 1605.

Smythe, Sir John. Certain Discourses, written by Sir John Smythe, Knight, concerning the formes and effects of divers sorts of weapons, and other verie important matters militarie, greatlie mistaken by divers of our men of war in these daies; and chiefly of the Mosquet, the Caliver and the Longbow; as also of the great sufficiencie, excellencie and wonderful effects of archers. 1590.

Speed, John. The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain, presenting an Exact Geography of the Kingdom, together with a Prospect of the most famous parts of the World. 1676.

Sturmy, Samuel. The Mariner’s Magazine, stor’d with these Mathematical Arts, Navigation and Geometry, Mathematical Instruments, Doctrine of Triangles, Art of Navigation, etc. 1669. Second edition, 1679.

Terry, Edward. A Voyage to East India. 1655.

Tosier, John, Captain, R. N. A Narrative of his Embassye and Command to the Captain General and Governor of Havannah to demand His Majesty of Great Britain’s subjects kept prisoners there. 1679.

Vaughan, Sir William. The Golden Fleece. Divided into Three Parts. Transported from Cambrioll Colchos, out of the Southernmost Part of the Iland, commonly called the Newfoundland, by Orpheus Junior. 1626.

Venn, Captain Thomas. Military and Maritime Discipline, etc., and the Compleat Gunner. 1683.

Wafer, Lionel. A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America, giving an Account of the Author’s Abode there, etc. 1699.

Warren, George. An Impartial Description of Surinam, upon the Continent of Guiana, in America. With a history of several strange Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Serpents, Insects, and Customs of that Colony, etc. 1667.

Welwood, William. An Abridgement of All Sea Lawes, etc. 1613.

Wheeler, George. A Journey into Greece, with a Voyage to Constantinople, and Adjacent Places. 1682.

Whitbourne, Richard. A Discourse and Discovery of Newfoundland, with many reasons to prove how worthy and beneficial a Plantation may there be made, etc. 1620.

Whitehorne, Peter. The Arte of Warre, written in Italian, by Nicholas Machiavel, and set foorth in English by Peter Whitehorne. 1588.

—— Certain Waies for the Ordering of Soldieurs in Battleray, and setting of Battailes after divers fashions, with their manner of marching, also how to make Saltpetre, Gunpowder, and divers sortes of Fireworkes, or Wilde Fire.… 1588.

Williams, Edward, and Farrer, John. Virgo Triumphans: or, Virginia Richly and Truly Valued; more especially the South part thereof, viz., the fertile Carolana, and no lesse excellent Isle of Roanoak, etc. 1650.

Williams, Sir Roger. A Brief Discourse of War. 1590.

Wilson, Samuel. An Account of … Carolina, etc. 1682.

Wright, Edward. The Haven-Finding Art. Trans. from the Dutch. 1599.

—— Certain Errors in Navigation. 1599.

Yarranton, Andrew. England’s Improvement by Sea and Land, to Out-do the Dutch without Fighting, to Pay Debts without Moneys, to Set to Work all the Poor of England with the Growth of our own Lands, etc., a Method of Improving the Royal Navy, and lessening the Growing Power of France, etc. 1677.

[See also the publications of the Hakluyt Society and Commander Robinson’s own works: The British Fleet, 1894; and (with John Leyland) The British Tar in fact and fiction, 1909; Arber’s English Garner, “Voyages and Travels,” 2 vols., 1903; Froude, J. A., English Seamen in the 16th century, 1901; Traill, H. D., Social England, vol. III, 1902. A. R. W.]