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H.L. Mencken (1880–1956). The American Language. 1921.


1. General

[A FEW duplications will be found here. I have thought it better to make them than to use cross-references. In three or four cases works listed are marked “not published.” I have examined all of these; they will be published later on.]A. F. L.: English As She Is Spoke, Baltimore Evening Sun, Nov. 18, 1920.Aldington, Richard: English and American, Poetry, May, 1920.Alford, Henry: A Plea for the Queen’s English; London, 1863.Allen, Grant: Americanisms (in Chambers’ Encyclopaedia, new ed.; Phila., 1906, vol. i).Anon.: American English (in America From a French Point of View; London, 1897).——: Art. Americanisms, Everyman Encyclopaedia, ed. by Andrew Boyle; London, n. d.——: Art. Americanisms, New International Encyclopaedia, 2nd ed., ed. by F. M. Colby and Talcott Williams; New York, 1917.——: Americanisms, a Study of Words and Manners, Southern Review, vol. ix, p. 290 and p. 529.——: Americanisms, Academy, March 2, 1889.——: Americanisms, Southern Literary Messenger, Oct., 1848.——: British Struggles With Our Speech, Literary Digest, June 19, 1915.——: I Speak United States, Saturday Review, Sept. 22, 1894.——: Our Strange New Language, Literary Digest, Sept. 16, 1916.——: Progress of Refinement, New York Organ, May 29, 1847.——: Some So-called Americanisms, All the Year Round, vol. 1xxvi, p. 38.——: The American English, Critic, vol. xiii, p. 115.——: The American Language, Putnam’s Magazine, Nov., 1870.——: The Great American Language, Cornhill Magazine, vol. 1viii, p. 363.——: They Spake With Diverse Tongues, Atlantic Monthly, July, 1909.——: To Teach the American Tongue in Britain, Literary Digest, Aug. 9, 1913.——: Triumphant Americanisms, New York Evening Post, June 11, 1921.Archer, William: America and the English Language, Pall Mall Magazine, Oct., 1898.——: The American Language (in America To-day; New York, 1899).Ayres, Harry Morgan: The English Language in America (in The Cambridge History of American Literature; New York, 1921, vol. iv).Bache, Richard Meade: Vulgarisms and Other Errors of Speech, 2nd ed.; Phila., 1869.Baker, Franklin T.: The Vernacular (in Munro’s Principles of Secondary Education; New York, 1915, ch. ix).Barentz, A. E.: Woordenboek der Engelsche Spreektaal… and Americanisms… Amsterdam, 1894.Barringer, G. A.: Étude sur I’Anglais parlé aux États Unis (la Langue Améri-caine), Actes de la Société Philologique de Paris, March, 1874.Bendelari, George: Curiosities of American Speech, New York Sun, Nov., 1895.Benet, W. C.: Americanisms: English as Spoken and Written in the United States; Abbeville (S. C.), 1880.Bicknall, Frank N.: The Yankee in British Fiction, Outlook, vol. xcvi, 1910.Bowen, Edwin W.: Briticisms vs. Americanisms, Popular Science Monthly, vol. 1xix, p. 324.——: Questions at Issue in Our English Speech; New York, 1914.Bradley, W. A.: In Shakespeare’s America, Harper’s Magazine, Aug., 1915.Bristed, Charles A.: The English Language in America (in Cambridge Essays; London, 1855).Bryant, William Cullen: Index Expurgatorius (reprinted in Helpful Hints in Writing and Reading, by Grenville Kleiser; New York, 1911, p. 15).Burton, Richard: American English (in Literary Likings; Boston, 1899).Carter, Alice P.: American English, Critic, vol. xii, p. 97.Channing, William Ellery: The American Language and Literature, North American Review, Sept., 1815.Charters, W. W. (and Edith Miller): A Course of Study in Grammar Based Upon the Grammatical Errors of School Children of Kansas City, Mo., University of Missouri Bulletin, vol. xvi, No. 2, Jan., 1915.Chesterton, Cecil: British Struggles With Our Speech (summary of art. in New Witness), Literary Digest, June 19, 1915.Chubb, Percival: The Menace of Pedantry in the Teaching of English, School Review, vol. xx, Jan., 1912.Clemens, Samuel L. (Mark Twain): Concerning the American Language (in The Stolen White Elephant; New York, 1888).Coxe, A. Cleveland: Americanisms in England, Forum, Oct., 1886.Crane, W. W.: The American Language, Putnam’s Monthly, vol. xvi, p. 519.Crosland, T. W.: The Abounding American; London, 1907.Darling, Gertrude: Standards in English, Education, vol. xvii, p. 331.Dilnot, Frank: The Written and Spoken Word (in The New America; New York, 1919).Eggleston, Edward: Wild Flowers of English Speech in America, Century Magazine, April, 1894.Field, Eugene: London letter in Chicago News, March 10, 1890.Flūgel, Felix: Die Englische Philologie in Nordamerika, Gersdorf’s Repertorium, 1852.——: Die Englische Sprache in Nordamerika, Archiv fūr das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen, band iv, heft i; Braunschweig, 1848.Fowler, H. W. (and F. G. Fowler): The King’s English, 2nd ed.; Oxford, 1908. Fowler, Wm. C.: The English Language,… 2nd ed.; New York, 1855.Freeman, Edward A.: Some Points in American Speech and Customs, Longmans’ Magazine, Nov., 1882.Gerek, William (and others): Is There Really Such a Thing as the American Language? New York Sun, March 10, 1918.Gould, Edward S.: Good English… New York, 1867.Grandgent, C. H.: English in America, Die Neueren Sprachen, vol. ii, p. 243 and p. 520.Hall, Fitzward: Sundry “Americanisms,” Nation, vol. 1vii, p. 484.——: Americanisms Again, Academy, vol. x1vii, p. 278.——: The American Dialect, Academy, vol. x1iii, p. 265.——: English, Rational and Irrational, Nineteenth Century, Sept., 1880.——: Modern English; New York, 1873.——: Recent Exemplifications of False Philology; New York, 1872.Hartt, Irene Widdemar: Americanisms, Education, vol. xiii, p. 367.Hastings, Basil MacDonald: More Americanisms (interview), New York Tribune, Jan. 19, 1913.Healy, J. F.: The American Language; Pittsburgh, 1910.Hempl, George: The Study of American English, Chautauquan, vol. xxii, p. 436.Herrig, Ludwig: Die Englische Sprache und Literatur in Nord-Amerika, Archiv fūr das Studium der Neueren Sprachen und Literaturen, vol. xii, p. 241; vol. xiii, p. 76 and p. 241; vol. xiv, p. 1.Higginson, Thomas Wentworţh: English and American Phrases, Independent, vol. 1ii, p. 410.——: English and American Speech, Harper’s Bazar, vol. xxx, p. 958.Hill, Adams Sherman: Our English; New York, 1889.Hodgins, Joseph L.: Our Common Speech, New York Sun, March 1, 1918.Holliday, Robert Cortes: Caun’t Speak the Language (in Walking-Stick Papers; New York, 1918, p. 201).Howells, William Dean: The Editor’s Study, Harper’s Magazine, Jan., 1886.Hughes, Rupert: Our Statish Language, Harper’s Magazine, May, 1920.Hurd, Seth T.: A Grammatical Corrector or Vocabulary of the Common Errors of Speech… Phila., 1847.J. D. J.: American Conversation, English Journal, April, 1913.James, Henry: Tĥe Question of Our Speech; Boston, 1905.Kartzke, Georg: Die Amerikanische Sprache, Archiv fūr das Studium der Neueren Sprachen und Literaturen, 1921, p. 181.Knortz, Karl: Amerikanische Redensarten und Volksgebräuche, Leipzig, 1907.Krapp, George Philip: Modern English; New York, 1910.Lang, Andrew: Americanisms, London Academy, March 2, 1895.Lienemann, Oskar: Eigentūmlichkeiten des Engl. d. Vereinigten Staaten Nebst Wenig Bekannten Amerikanismen; Zittau, 1886.Lloyd, R. J.: Northern English; Leipzig, 1908.Lodge, Henry Cabot: The Origin of Certain Americanisms, Scribner’s Magazine, June, 1907.——: Shakespeare’s Americanisms (in Certain Accepted Heroes; New York, 1897).Lounsbury, Thomas R.: Americanisms Real or Reputed, Harper’s Magazine, Sept., 1913.Lounsbury, Thomas R.: Differences in English and American Usage, Harper’s Magazine, July, 1913.——: The English of America, International Review, vol. viii, p. 472.——: A History of the English Language, revised ed.; New York, 1907.——: Linguistic Causes of Americanisms, Harper’s Magazine, June, 1913.——: Scotticisms and Americanisms, Harper’s Magazine, Feb., 1913.——: The Standard of Usage in English; New York and London, n. d.——: What Americanisms Are Not, Harper’s Magazine, March, 1913.Low, Sidney: Ought American to be Taught in Our Schools? Westminster Gazette, July 18, 1913.Lowell, James Russell: prefaces to The Biglow Papers, 1st and 2nd series; Cambridge, 1848–66.Mackay, Charles: The Ascertainment of English, Nineteenth Century, Jan., 1890.Mackintosh, Duncan: Essai Raisonné sur la Grammaire et la Prononciation Anglaise… Boston, 1797.Marshall, Archibald: American English and the English Language, North American Review, Nov., 1921.Matthews, Brander: Americanisms and Briticisms… New York, 1892.——: American English and British English (in Essays on English, New York, 1921.)——: Outskirts of the English Language, Munsey’s Magazine, Nov., 1913.——: Parts of Speech; New York, 1901.——: Why Not Speak Your Own Language? Delineator, Nov., 1917.Mead, Theo. H.: Our Mother Tongue; New York, 1890.Mencken, H. L.: The American: His Language, Smart Set, Aug., 1913.——: The American Language Again, New York Evening Mail, Nov. 22, 1917.——: American Pronouns, Baltimore Evening Sun, Oct. 25, 1910.——: How They Say It “Over There,” New York Evening Mail, Oct. 25, 1917.——: More American, Baltimore Evening Sun, Oct. 20, 1910.——: Moulding Our Speech, Chicago Tribune, Nov. 18, 1917.——: Notes on the American Language, Baltimore Evening Sun, Sept. 7, 1916.——: The Two Englishes, Baltimore Evening Sun, Sept. 15, 1910.Molee, Elias: Nu Tutonish, an International Union Language; Tacoma, 1906.——: Plea for an American Language… Chicago, 1888.——: Pure Saxon English; or, Americans to the Front; Chicago, 1890.——: Tutonish; Tacoma (Wash.), n. d.——: Tutonish, or, Anglo-German Union Tongue; Chicago, 1902.Moon, G. Washington: The Dean’s English, 7th ed.; New York, 1884.Newcomen, George: Americanisms and Archaisms, Academy, vol. x1vii, p. 317.Phipson, Evacustes A.: British vs. American English, Dialect Notes, vol. i, pt. i, 1889.Proctor, Richard A.: Americanisms, Knowledge, vol. vii, p. 171.——: English and American-English, New York Tribune, Aug. 14, 1881.——: “English As She is Spoke” in America, Knowledge, vol. vi, p. 319.Rambeau, A.: Amerikanisches, Die Neueren Sprachen, vol. ii, p. 53.Read, Richard P.: The American Language, New York Sun, March 7, 1918.Read, Richard P.: The American Tongue, New York Sun, Feb. 26, 1918.Russell, T. Baron: Current Americanisms; London, 1893.Schele de Vere, M.: Americanisms: the English of the New World; New York, 1872.——: Studies in English; New York, 1867.Schulz, Carl B.: The King’s English at Home, New York Evening Mail, Oct. 29, 1917.Shipman, Carolyn: The American Language, Critic, new series, vol. xxxvi, p. 81.Smith, Chas. Forster: Americanisms, Southern Methodist Quarterly, Jan., 1891.Spies, Heinrich: Die Englische Sprache und das Neue England; Langensalza, 1921.Stearns, Charles W.: Americanisms in Shakespeare’s Plays (in Shakespeare Treasury of Wisdom; New York, 1869).Swinton, William: English in America (in Rambles Among Words; New York, 1872).Sykes, Fred H.: American Speech and Standard English, Our Language, vol. ii, p. 52.Trench, Richard C.: English Past and Present; London, 1855; rev. ed., 1905.——: On the Study of Words; London, 1851; rev. ed., 1904.Tucker, Gilbert M.: American English; New York, 1921.——: American English (in Our Common Speech; New York, 1895).——: American English, North American Review, April, 1883.——: American English, a Paper Read Before the Albany Institute, July 6, 1882, With Revision and Additions; Albany, 1883.Tuttle, R. M.: Americanisms, Athenæum, vol. i, p. 209.Untermeyer, Louis: Whitman and the American Language, New York Evening Post, May 31, 1919.Van der Voort, J. H.: Hedendaagsche Amerikanismen; Gouda (Holland), 1894.Wardlaw, Patterson: Simpler English, Bulletin of the University of South Carolina, no. 38, pt. iii, July, 1914.Warren, Arthur: Real Americanisms, Boston Herald, Nov. 20, 1892.Watts, Harvey M.: Prof. Lounsbury and His Rout of the Dons on Americanisms, Philadelphia Public Ledger, April 16, 1915.Wetherill, George N.: The American Language, Anglo-Continental, Jan., 1894.Wheeler, Benjamin Ide: Americanisms (in Johnson’s Cyclopedia, new ed.; New York, 1893).Whibley, Charles: The American Language, Bookman, Jan., 1908.White, Richard Grant: American Speech (in Every-Day English; Boston, 1880).——: Americanisms, parts i–viii, Atlantic Monthly, April, May, July, Sept., Nov., 1878; Jan., March, May, 1879.——: British Americanisms, Atlantic Monthly, May, 1880.——: Every-Day English… Boston, 1880.——: Some Alleged Americanisms, Atlantic Monthly, Dec., 1883.——: British-English and American-English (in Words and Their Uses; New York, 1870; rev. ed., New York, 1876).Whitman, Walt: An American Primer; Boston, 1904.Williams, Ralph O.: Some Peculiarities, Real and Supposed, in American English (in Our Dictionaries and Other English Language Topics; New York, 1890).Witherspoon, John: various notes on Americanisms in vol. iv of his Works; Phila., 1801.