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John Greenleaf Whittier (1807–1892). The Poetical Works in Four Volumes. 1892.

Narrative and Legendary Poems

How the Women went from Dover

  • The following is a copy of the warrant issued by Major Waldron, of Dover, in 1662. The Quakers, as was their wont, prophesied against him, and saw, as they supposed, the fulfilment of their prophecy when, many years after, he was killed by the Indians.
  • To the constables of Dover, Hampton, Salisbury, Newbury, Rowley, Ipswich, Wenham, Lynn, Boston, Roxbury, Dedham, and until these vagabond Quakers are carried out of this jurisdiction.
  • You, and every one of you, are required, in the King’s Majesty’s name, to take these vagabond Quakers, Anne Colman, Mary Tomkins, and Alice Ambrose, and make them fast to the cart’s tail, and driving the cart through your several towns, to whip them upon their naked backs not exceeding ten stripes apiece on each of them, in each town; and so to convey them from constable to constable till they are out of this jurisdiction, as you will answer it at your peril; and this shall be your warrant.
  • Dated at Dover, December 22, 1662.
  • This warrant was executed only in Dover and Hampton. At Salisbury the constable refused to obey it. He was sustained by the town’s people, who were under the influence of Major Robert Pike, the leading man in the lower valley of the Merrimac, who stood far in advance of his time, as an advocate of religious freedom, and an opponent of ecclesiastical authority. He had the moral courage to address an able and manly letter to the court at Salem, remonstrating against the witchcraft trials.

  • THE TOSSING spray of Cocheco’s fall

    Hardened to ice on its rocky wall,

    As through Dover town in the chill, gray dawn,

    Three women passed, at the cart-tail drawn!

    Bared to the waist, for the north wind’s grip

    And keener sting of the constable’s whip,

    The blood that followed each hissing blow

    Froze as it sprinkled the winter snow.

    Priest and ruler, boy and maid

    Followed the dismal cavalcade;

    And from door and window, open thrown,

    Looked and wondered gaffer and crone.

    “God is our witness,” the victims cried,

    “We suffer for Him who for all men died;

    The wrong ye do has been done before,

    We bear the stripes that the Master bore!

    “And thou, O Richard Waldron, for whom

    We hear the feet of a coming doom,

    On thy cruel heart and thy hand of wrong

    Vengeance is sure, though it tarry long.

    “In the light of the Lord, a flame we see

    Climb and kindle a proud roof-tree;

    And beneath it an old man lying dead,

    With stains of blood on his hoary head.”

    “Smite, Goodman Hate-Evil!—harder still!”

    The magistrate cried, “lay on with a will!

    Drive out of their bodies the Father of Lies,

    Who through them preaches and prophesies!”

    So into the forest they held their way,

    By winding river and frost-rimmed bay,

    Over wind-swept hills that felt the beat

    Of the winter sea at their icy feet.

    The Indian hunter, searching his traps,

    Peered stealthily through the forest gaps;

    And the outlying settler shook his head,—

    “They ’re witches going to jail,” he said.

    At last a meeting-house came in view;

    A blast on his horn the constable blew;

    And the boys of Hampton cried up and down,

    “The Quakers have come!” to the wondering town.

    From barn and woodpile the goodman came;

    The goodwife quitted her quilting frame,

    With her child at her breast; and, hobbling slow,

    The grandam followed to see the show.

    Once more the torturing whip was swung,

    Once more keen lashes the bare flesh stung.

    “Oh, spare! they are bleeding!” a little maid cried,

    And covered her face the sight to hide.

    A murmur ran round the crowd: “Good folks,”

    Quoth the constable, busy counting the strokes,

    “No pity to wretches like these is due,

    They have beaten the gospel black and blue!”

    Then a pallid woman, in wild-eyed fear,

    With her wooden noggin of milk drew near.

    “Drink, poor hearts!” a rude hand smote

    Her draught away from a parching throat.

    “Take heed,” one whispered, “they ’ll take you cow

    For fines, as they took your horse and plough,

    And the bed from under you.” “Even so,”

    She said; “they are cruel as death, I know.”

    Then on they passed, in the waning day,

    Through Seabrook woods, a weariful way;

    By great salt meadows and sand-hills bare,

    And glimpses of blue sea here and there.

    By the meeting-house in Salisbury town,

    The sufferers stood, in the red sundown,

    Bare for the lash! O pitying Night,

    Drop swift thy curtain and hide the sight!

    With shame in his eye and wrath on his lip

    The Salisbury constable dropped his whip.

    “This warrant means murder foul and red;

    Cursed is he who serves it,” he said.

    “Show me the order, and meanwhile strike

    A blow at your peril!” said Justice Pike.

    Of all the rulers the land possessed,

    Wisest and boldest was he and best.

    He scoffed at witchcraft; the priest he met

    As man meets man; his feet he set

    Beyond his dark age, standing upright,

    Soul-free, with his face to the morning light.

    He read the warrant: “These convey

    From our precincts; at every town on the way

    Give each ten lashes.” “God judge the brute!

    I tread his order under my foot!

    “Cut loose these poor ones and let them go;

    Come what will of it, all men shall know

    No warrant is good, though backed by the Crown,

    For whipping women in Salisbury town!”

    The hearts of the villagers, half released

    From creed of terror and rule of priest,

    By a primal instinct owned the right

    Of human pity in law’s despite.

    For ruth and chivalry only slept,

    His Saxon manhood the yeoman kept;

    Quicker or slower, the same blood ran

    In the Cavalier and the Puritan.

    The Quakers sank on their knees in praise

    And thanks. A last, low sunset blaze

    Flashed out from under a cloud, and shed

    A golden glory on each bowed head.

    The tale is one of an evil time,

    When souls were fettered and thought was crime,

    And heresy’s whisper above its breath

    Meant shameful scourging and bonds and death!

    What marvel, that hunted and sorely tried,

    Even woman rebuked and prophesied,

    And soft words rarely answered back

    The grim persuasion of whip and rack!

    If her cry from the whipping-post and jail

    Pierced sharp as the Kenite’s driven nail,

    O woman, at ease in these happier days,

    Forbear to judge of thy sister’s ways!

    How much thy beautiful life may owe

    To her faith and courage thou canst not know,

    Nor how from the paths of thy calm retreat

    She smoothed the thorns with her bleeding feet.