Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, ed. Poems of Places: An Anthology in 31 Volumes.
France: Vols. IX–X. 1876–79.



By William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

DUKE.Now, my co-mates, and brothers in exile,

Hath not old custom made this life more sweet

Than that of painted pomp? Are not these woods

More free from peril than the envious court?

Here feel we not the penalty of Adam.

The seasons’ difference, as the icy fang,

And churlish chiding of the winter’s wind,—

Which when it bites and blows upon my body,

Even till I shrink with cold, I smile, and say,

This is no flattery,—these ace counsellors

That feelingly persuade me what I am.

Sweet are the uses of adversity,

Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous,

Wears yet a precious jewel in his head;

And this our life, exempt from public haunt,

Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,

Sermons in stones, and good in every thing.

AMIENS.I would not change it: Happy is your grace,

That can translate the stubbornness of fortune

Into so quiet and so sweet a style.

DUKE.Come, shall we go and kill us venison?

And yet it irks me, the poor dappled fools,

Being native burghers of this desert city,

Should, in their own confines, with forked heads

Have their round haunches gor’d.

1 LORD.Indeed, my lord,

The melancholy Jaques grieves at that;

And, in that kind, swears you do more usurp

Than doth your brother that hath banish’d you.

To-day, my lord of Amiens and myself

Did steal behind him, as he lay along

Under an oak, whose antique root peeps out

Upon the brook that brawls along this wood;

To the which place a poor sequester’d stag,

That from the hunter’s aim had ta’en a hurt,

Did come to languish: and, indeed, my lord,

The wretched animal heav’d forth such groans,

That their discharge did stretch his leathern coat

Almost to bursting; and the big round tears

Cours’d one another down his innocent nose

In piteous chase; and thus the hairy fool,

Much marked of the melancholy Jaques,

Stood on the extremest verge of the swift brook,

Augmenting it with tears.

DUKE.But what said Jaques?

Did he not moralize this spectacle?

1 LORD.O yes, into a thousand similes.

First, for his weeping into the needless stream;

“Poor deer,” quoth he, “thou mak’st a testament

As worldlings do, giving thy sum of more

To that which had too much.” Then, being alone,

Left and abandon’d of his velvet friends;

“’T is right,” quoth he; “this misery doth part

The flux of company.” Anon, a careless herd,

Full of the pasture, jumps along by him,

And never stays to greet him: “Ay,” quoth Jaques,

“Sweep on, you fat and greasy citizens;

’T is just the fashion: Wherefore do you look

Upon that poor and broken bankrupt there?”

Thus most invectively he pierceth through

The body of the country, city, court,

Yea, and of this our life; swearing that we

Are mere usurpers, tyrants, and what ’s worse,

To fright the animals, and to kill them up,

In their assign’d and native dwelling-place.