The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21).
Volume II. The End of the Middle Ages.

Table of Principal Dates

1070 Hereward’s rising at Ely.
12th cent. ff. Religious plays.
1100–1135. King Henry I.
1119 P. de Thaun’s Comput.
c. 1130 P. de Thaun’s Bestiaire.
1135–1154 King Stephen.
c. 1148 Gaimar’s History.
(?) 1149 Vacarius teaches civil law at Oxford.
1154–1189 King Henry II.
fl. 1160–1180 Chrètien de Troyes.
1162 St. Thomas á Becket, abp of Canterbury (murdered, 1170).
c. 1167 Canute Song.
1167 Oxford as a studium generale.
fl. 1170 Wace.
c. 1173 Garnier de Pont Sainte Maxence.
1173–4 Jordan Fantosme.
fl. 1180 Marie de France.
1189–1199 King Richard Cœur de Lion.
1193–1280 Albertus Magnus.
c. 1196 Ambroise’s Hist. de la guerre sainte.
1199–1216 King John.
fl. 1200 Layamon.
1214?–1294 Roger Bacon.
1216–1272 King Henry III.
1217 Dominicans settle in Paris.
1221 Dominicans at Oxford.
1224 Franciscans at Oxford and Cambridge.
c. 1226 Histoire de Guillaume le Marèchal.
fl. 1230–1250 Bartholomaeus Anglicus.
1230?–1298 Jacobus a Voragine.
c. 1237 Romance of the Rose, William of Lorris, continued (c. 1278) by John Clopinel of Meun.
1253 Death of Robert Grosseteste.
c. 1263 Foundation of Balliol College.
c. 1263–1274 Walter de Merton’s foundations at Malden and Oxford.
1265–1321 Dante.
fl. 1270–1287 Guido delle Colonne.
1272–1307 King Edward I.
1272?–1305 Sir William Wallace.
1274 Dominicans at Cambridge.
1274 Foundation of Merton College, Oxford.
1280–1284 Hugo de Balsham’s scholars in Cambridge and foundation of Peterhouse.
1298 Battle of Falkirk.
c. 1300–1349? Richard Rolle of Hampole.
1300–1325 Auchinleck MS.
1300?–1352? Laurence Minot.
1304–1374 Petrarch.
1305–1377 The Popes at Avignon.
c. 1307 Peter of Langtoft’s Chronicle.
1307–1327 King Edward II.
1313–1375 Boccaccio.
1314 Battle of Bannockburn.
c. 1320–1395 John Barbour.
c. 1320–1384 John Wyclif.
1325?–1408 John Gower.
1326–1412 John Trevisa.
1327–1377 King Edward III.
c. 1330 Nicole Bozon.
1330–1335 Guillaume de Deguileville’s Pilgrimages.
c. 1337–1340? Froissart.
1338 Vows of the Heron.
1340?–1400 Geoffrey Chaucer.
c. 1340 Tale of Gamelyn.
?1342–1442 Juliana of Norwich.
1349, 1361, 1369 The Black Death.
1349? Death of William Ockham.
c. 1350 The alliterative revival.
c. 1350 Higden’s Polychronicon.
1351 Statute of Labourers.
1355 Gray’s Scalacronica.
1360 Death of Richard FitzRalph, abp of Armagh.
1362 ff. Piers Plowman.
1362 Pleadings in law courts to be conducted in English.
1362–1364 Parliaments opened by English speeches.
1364 Death of Ranulf Higden.
c. 1368–c. 1450 Thomas Occleve.
c. 1370–c. 1450 John Lydgate.
1370–80 Vernon MS.
1371 Earliest (French) MS. of the Mandeville travels.
1373–1393 William of Wykeham founds Winchester.
1376 Barbour’s Bruce.
c. 1376–1377 Death of Sir Hew of Eglintoun.
1377–1399 King Richard II.
1378–1417 The Great Schism.
1379–1386 William of Wykeham founds New College, Oxford.
1379–1471 Thomas á Kempis.
1381 Peasants’ revolt: Wat Tyler, John Ball.
1382 The “earthquake” council.
c. 1382 Gower’s Vox Clamantis.
c. 1383 Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde.
c. 1384–1387 Fordun’s Scotichronicon
c. 1386 Chaucer’s Legend of Good Women.
1388 Execution of Thomas Usk.
c. 1387 Canterbury Tales begun.
1387 Trevisa’s translation of Polychronicon.
1388 Otterburn (Percy and Douglas).
1390 Confessio Amantis first completed.
1391–1447 Humphrey duke of Gloucester.
1391 Chaucer’s Astrolabe.
1393–1464 John Capgrave.
1396 Death of Walter Hylton.
1398 Trevisa’s translation of Bartholomaeus.
1399–1413 King Henry IV.
1401 The statute De Heretico Comburendo.
1401 Execution of Sawtrey.
1401–1402 Jacke Upland.
1403 Stationers’ guild incorporated.
1405 Archbishop Scrope’s revolt.
1406 The English capture Prince James (James I of Scotland).
1413–1422 King Henry V.
1413 St. Andrews recognised as a studium generale.
1414 The Lollard Act.
1415 The Crowned King.
1415 Battle of Agincourt.
1415 Council of Constance condemns Wyclifite “errors.”
1417 End of the Great Schism.
1417 Execution of Sir John Oldcastle.
1418 Peterhouse library catalogued.
1422–1471 King Henry VI.
c. 1420 Wyntoun’s Orygynale Cronykil.
1421–1466 John Paston, letterwriter.
1421–1428–1491 William Caxton.
1422 Yonge’s translation of Secreta Secretorum.
c. 1423 The Kingis Quair.
c. 1425–c. 1500 Robert Henryson.
1431 François Villon born.
1440–1441 Henry VI founds King’s College, Cambridge, and Eton.
1442–1479 Sir John Paston, letterwriter.
1450–1620 Period of Middle Scots.
fl. 1450–1482 Richard de Holand.
1450 MS. of some Robin Hood ballads.
1450 Jack Cade’s rebellion.
1450 Glasgow recognised as a studium generale.
c. 1450 Printing at Mainz.
1453 Constantinople captured by the Turks.
1455–1471 Wars of the Roses.
c. 1455 Pecock’s Repressor.
1456 Sir Gilbert Hay’s translations.
c. 1460 Blind Harry’s Wallace.
c. 1460–c. 1520 William Dunbar.
1461–1483 King Edward IV.
c. 1470 Fortescue’s De Laudibus Legum Angliae.
1474–5–c. 1530 Stephen Hawes.
c. 1475–1522 Gavin Douglas.
c. 1475 Recuyell of the Histories of Troy, the first book printed in the English language.
1476 Caxton press at Westminster.
1477 Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, the first dated book issued in England.
c. 1477 Caxton’s edition of the Canterbury Tales.
1480 The first London press (John Lettou’s).
1483 King Edward V.
1483–1485 King Richard III.
1483 Caxton’s Golden Legend.
1484 Caxton’s Book of the Knight of the Tower.
1485 Battle of Bosworth.
1485–1509 King Henry VII.
1485 Sir Thomas Malory’s Morte d’Arthur published (finished 1469).
1486–1487 John Mirk’s Liber Festivalis published.
1490 Caxton’s Eneydos.
1492 Columbus sets sail from Spain and discovers the West Indies.
1494 The Venetian press of Aldus begins work.
c. 1495 Wynkyn de Worde’s edition of Trevisa’s Bartholomaeus.
1497 Cabot reaches America.
1498 Execution of Savonarola.
1498 Erasmus comes to Oxford.
1500 King’s College, Aberdeen, completed.
1503 Arnold’s Chronicle (in which was first published The Nut Brown Maid).
1505–1506 Hawes’s Passetyme of Pleasure.
1509–1547 King Henry VIII.
1510 Dean Colet founds St. Paul’s school.
1511 The Pilgrimage of Sir Richard Guilforde (Guildford’s dates are 1455?–1506).
1513 Battle of Flodden.
c. 1515 Asloan MS.
1516 Fabyan’s Chronicles printed.
1519 Field of the Cloth of Gold.
1523–1525 Berners’s translation of Froissart’s Chronicle printed.
1532 First collected edition of Chaucer (Thynne’s).
1568 Bannatyne MS.
c. 1650 MS. of Percy folio.
1765 Percy’s Reliques printed.
1775 Tyrwhitt’s edition of Chaucer.